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Sterling Mine, Antwerp, Jefferson Co., New York, USAi
Regional Level Types
Sterling MineMine
Antwerp- not defined -
Jefferson Co.County
New YorkState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
44° 14' 17'' North , 75° 35' 27'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Antwerp685 (2017)4.5km
Oxbow108 (2017)6.0km
Philadelphia1,223 (2017)13.2km
Hailesboro624 (2017)14.0km
Gouverneur3,797 (2017)14.9km


A former Fe mine located North of Antwerp. Reopened 1904 and closed in 1910. Ore is soft, earthy hematite hosted in Precambrian quartz-chlorite schist. Produced an estimated 750,000 tons plus of ore. Workings feature an open pit (500 feet by 200 feet by 115 feet deep) plus underground workings to 200 feet deep. First identified occurrence of millerite in the US.

Many historical identifications of minerals (ankerite, ilmenite, stilpnomelane) have been shown to be incorrect. The early mineral, "chalcodite" appears to be the ferric-dominant member of the stilpnomelane group, but needs to be re-investigated. Robinson and Chamberlain (1984) showed that stilpnomelane group minerals from this location were ferric iron-rich. Three partial analyses of material of varying colors contained dominant ferric iron: green (FeO = 9.94 wt %, Fe2O3 = 25.26), green-brown (FeO = 8.46, Fe2O3 = 31.37), and golden brown (Fe) = 2.18, Fe2O3 = 35.34). "Ferristilpnomelane" was named by Winchell and Winchell (1951) for the slightly ferrian variety of the series and probably does not occur at this location. Ferrous-dominant stilpnomelane is not found at this location, either.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
'Apatite var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
'Chalcodite' (FRL)
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Type Locality:
Reference: Shepard, Charles U., 1852, Chalcodite, A Treatise on Mineralogy, third edition, B. L. Hamlin, New Haven, p. 153.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Pseudomorphs after hematite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Pseudomorphs after Millerite.
Reference: Robinson, G. and Chamberlain, S. (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82(6), 472-483.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
Stilpnomelane var: Ferristilpnomelane ?
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Description: Mineral appears to be ferric iron-rich, rather than ferric iron-poor. This is really chalcodite.
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 15(4): 199-216.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Description: Fe-rich
Reference: George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite ?5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Pecoraite9.ED.15Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Stilpnomelane ?9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
var: Ferristilpnomelane ?9.EG.40K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chalcodite' (TL)-K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite ?14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Pecoraite71.1.2d.4Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane ?74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chalcodite' (FRL)-K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
Stilpnomelane
var: Ferristilpnomelane ?
-K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
H PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Stilpnomelane (var: Ferristilpnomelane)K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CalciteCaCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Stilpnomelane (var: Ferristilpnomelane)K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Stilpnomelane (var: Ferristilpnomelane)K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Al Stilpnomelane (var: Ferristilpnomelane)K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Si PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Stilpnomelane (var: Ferristilpnomelane)K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S MilleriteNiS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
K Stilpnomelane (var: Ferristilpnomelane)K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcoditeK(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Stilpnomelane (var: Ferristilpnomelane)K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 397, 1062.
Newland, David H. (July-August 1919) The Mineral Resources of the State of New York. New York State Museum Bulletin 223/224, 126 + 129.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834 pp.: 240.
Robinson, G.W. and Chamberlain, S.C. (1984) Famous mineral localities: the Sterling Mine, Antwerp, New York. Mineralogical Record, 15(4), 199-216.
Rocks & Minerals (1984) 59, 223-224.
Mineralogical Record (1990) 21, 33.
Chamberlain, Steven C. (1995) Historic Mineral Feature: The First Millerite Locality in the United States: Historical Notes on the Sterling Mine, Antwerp, Jefferson County, New York. Matrix, 4, 82-90.

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