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Balmat, Balmat-Edwards Zinc District, St. Lawrence Co., New York, USAi
Regional Level Types
Balmat- not defined -
Balmat-Edwards Zinc DistrictMining District
St. Lawrence Co.County
New YorkState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 14' 54'' North , 75° 23' 43'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.24833,-75.39528
GeoHash:G#: drf7sr4v4
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hailesboro624 (2017)8.0km
Gouverneur3,797 (2017)11.2km
Harrisville622 (2017)12.2km
Edwards439 (2017)14.3km
Antwerp685 (2017)17.7km


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Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

59 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 427.; Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 15525
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
'Biotite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: The New York State Museum Catalog No. 22019
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: No reference listed
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 17795
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: The New York State Museum Catalog No. 13688
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: The New York State Museum Catalog No. 18032
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
'Chromium-dravite'
Formula: Na(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Marian Lupulescu (New York State Museum) and Anatoly Kasatkin analyses.
Chromo-alumino-povondraite
Formula: Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Reference: Marian Lupulescu et al (2011) Chromo-alumino-povondraite from the #1 mine, Balmat, St. Lawrence County, New York [MS#4186, 20/09/2011]
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Marian Lupulescu and R. Rowe (2011) Chromo-alumino-povondraite from the #1 mine, Balmat, St. Lawrence County, New York [MS#4186, 20/09/2011]
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Diopside var: Violan
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: A.Mathauser collection
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Donpeacorite (TL)
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
Type Locality:
Reference: Fleischer's Glossary of Mineral Species 2004; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483; Peterson, E.U., Anovitz, L.M., Essene, E.J. (1984) Donpeacorite, (Mn,Mg)MgSi2O6 a new orthopyroxene and its proposed phase relations in the system MnSiO3-MgSiO3-FeSiO3. American Mineralogist: 69: 472-480.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dufrénoysite
Formula: Pb2As2S5
Reference: Steven C. Chamberlain & George W. Robinson (2013) Collector's Guide to the Minerals of New York State. Schiffer Books.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 9411
Ferri-ghoseite
Formula: ☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Description: Recorded as "tirodite", which in this case does NOT correspond analytically to parvowinchite.
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 12694
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Petersen, E., Essene, D., Peacor, D. (1982): Fluorine end-member micas and amphiboles, American mineralogist, Vol. 67, 538-544
Fluoro-tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Reference: Petersen, E., Essene, D., Peacor, D. (1982): Fluorine end-member micas and amphiboles, American mineralogist, Vol. 67, 538-544
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Remington, K. M. (2010, March). A Petrological, Mineralogical, and Isotopic Study of Unit 2 Within the Balmat Zn Deposit, St. Lawrence County, New York. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 110).
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 13832
Graphite
Formula: C
'Guitermanite'
Formula: Pb10As6S19 (?)
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 3.3.9.0-1
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: The New York State Museum Catalog No. 19733
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: New York State Museum, specimen no. 20984
Kanoite
Formula: Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 13664
'Lazurite'
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 15202
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: The New York State Museum Catalog No. 14305
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 13929
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Remington, K. M. (2010, March). A Petrological, Mineralogical, and Isotopic Study of Unit 2 Within the Balmat Zn Deposit, St. Lawrence County, New York. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 110).
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Remington, K. M. (2010, March). A Petrological, Mineralogical, and Isotopic Study of Unit 2 Within the Balmat Zn Deposit, St. Lawrence County, New York. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 110).
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (2008) Volume 83:3 Pages: 224 - 239
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 12664
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 12663
Oxy-chromium-dravite
Formula: Na(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Colour: emerald-green to yellowish-green pleochroism
Description: The tourmaline occurs as clumps of tiny crystals (<100 µm) in stringers within tremolite+quartz rock
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection (thin section FKM-276; https://www.rockptx.com/fkm-276-to-fkm-300/#FKM-276)
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: No reference listed
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 18048
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 12688
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265; Remington, K. M. (2010, March). A Petrological, Mineralogical, and Isotopic Study of Unit 2 Within the Balmat Zn Deposit, St. Lawrence County, New York. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 110).
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 12655
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 12669
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 13870
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Remington, K. M. (2010, March). A Petrological, Mineralogical, and Isotopic Study of Unit 2 Within the Balmat Zn Deposit, St. Lawrence County, New York. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 110).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Brown, J.S. (1936) Supergene sphalerite, galena, and willemite at Balmat, NY. Economic Geology: 31: 331-354.; Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265; Remington, K. M. (2010, March). A Petrological, Mineralogical, and Isotopic Study of Unit 2 Within the Balmat Zn Deposit, St. Lawrence County, New York. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 110).
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 13868
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.165
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 13203
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: New York State Museum Institute specimen
Turneaureite (TL)
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Dunn, P.J., et al (1985) Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 251-254.
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: NY State Museum spec. no. 15248
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Brown, J.S. (1936) Supergene sphalerite, galena, and willemite at Balmat, NY. Economic Geology: 31: 331-354.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Dufrénoysite2.HC.05dPb2As2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Turneaureite (TL)8.BN.05Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Chromium-dravite'9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Chromo-alumino-povondraite9.CK.05Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Clino-suenoite9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Violan9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Donpeacorite (TL)9.DA.05(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ferri-ghoseite ?9.DE.20☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fluoro-tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Kanoite9.DA.10Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
'Lazurite'9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Oxy-chromium-dravite9.CK.05Na(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Guitermanite'-Pb10As6S19 (?)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Dufrénoysite3.5.9.3Pb2As2S5
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Nantokite9.1.7.1CuCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Namuwite31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Turneaureite (TL)41.8.3.2Ca5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
'Chromium-dravite'61.3.1.11Na(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Donpeacorite (TL)65.1.2.3(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
Kanoite65.1.1.3Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferri-ghoseite ?66.1.1.4☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite'76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-
Chromo-alumino-povondraite-Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Clino-suenoite-□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside
var: Violan
-CaMgSi2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Fluoro-tremolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Guitermanite'-Pb10As6S19 (?)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Oxy-chromium-dravite-Na(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Tremolite
var: Chrome-Tremolite
-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
H Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
B Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
O TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3Cl
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MiniumPb3O4
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O CelestineSrSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O Diopside (var: Violan)CaMgSi2O6
O Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
O Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
FFluorine
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Na Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Na Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Diopside (var: Violan)CaMgSi2O6
Mg Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Mg Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
SiSilicon
Si Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si Diopside (var: Violan)CaMgSi2O6
Si Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Si Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S GuitermanitePb10As6S19 (?)
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S RealgarAs4S4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S SulphurS8
S PyriteFeS2
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
S CelestineSrSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
S DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
ClChlorine
Cl TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl NantokiteCuCl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
KPotassium
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
CaCalcium
Ca TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3Cl
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca Diopside (var: Violan)CaMgSi2O6
CrChromium
Cr Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Cr Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr63+(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Cr Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
MnManganese
Mn Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
Mn Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu NantokiteCuCl
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
AsArsenic
As TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3Cl
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
As GuitermanitePb10As6S19 (?)
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
As DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb GuitermanitePb10As6S19 (?)
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb DufrénoysitePb2As2S5

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2931129
Dolomitic and calcitic marbles interlayered with significant amounts of calcsilicate rock

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Description: Metasedimentary amphibolite, pyroxene granulite, and various gneisses; includes interlayered diopsidic and tremolitic marble and quartzite, and talc-tremolite rock (mined in Balmat-Edwards belt, northwest Adirondacks).

Comments: Original map source: NYS Museum, NYS Geological Survey, NYS Museum Technology Center, 1999, bedrock geology of NYS data is distributed in ARC/INFOr EXPORT format (with '.e00' extension) in 5 seperate files based on 1970 printed map sheets, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{marble}, Minor:{calc silicate rock,gneiss,granulite,amphibolite}, Incidental:{quartzite, amphibole schist}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Ectasian
1200 - 1400 Ma



ID: 3184499
Mesoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ectasian (1200 - 1400 Ma)

Lithology: Marble

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Brown, J.S. (1936) Supergene sphalerite, galena, and willemite at Balmat, NY. Economic Geology: 31: 331-354.
- Econ Geol (1984) 79:239-265
Remington, K. M. (2010, March). A Petrological, Mineralogical, and Isotopic Study of Unit 2 Within the Balmat Zn Deposit, St. Lawrence County, New York. In Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, (Vol. 42, No. 1, p. 110).

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