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Stoneco White Rock Quarry (White Rock Quarry; Edward Kraemer & Sons Inc. Quarry; Kelley Island Lime and Transportation Quarry; "Kelly Island Stone Co. Quarry"; Toledo White Lime Co. Quarry), Clay Center, Ottawa Co., Ohio, USAi
Regional Level Types
Stoneco White Rock Quarry (White Rock Quarry; Edward Kraemer & Sons Inc. Quarry; Kelley Island Lime and Transportation Quarry; "Kelly Island Stone Co. Quarry"; Toledo White Lime Co. Quarry)Quarry
Clay Center- not defined -
Ottawa Co.County
OhioState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° 34' 12'' North , 83° 21' 54'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Clay Center283 (2017)0.8km
Williston487 (2017)4.3km
Millbury1,249 (2017)5.0km
Curtice1,526 (2017)5.4km
Genoa2,306 (2017)5.8km


The White Rock Quarry is an active quarry for building stone and aggregate located in Clay Center, Sandusky County, Ohio. The quarry straddles over the NE ¼ of section 16 and the SE ¼ of section 9. The rocks exposed in the quarry belong to the Lockport Dolomite and Greenfield Dolomite on the north edge of Clay Center.

It is unknown when the quarry first opened, but a record from Bowland (1896, p. 607) indicated that Alfred C. Johnson was one of the earliest superintendents of the quarry and he had accepted the position in 1880. At the time the White Rock Quarry was operated by the Toledo White Lime Company.

In 1905, the Kelley Island Lime and Transport Company purchased the White Rock Quarry from the Toledo White Lime Company. Orton and Peppel (1906, p. 228-229) noted that the although Kelley Island Lime and Transport Co., mainly produced “high-calcium lime”, this was their first purchase of a quarry to produce dolomite lime. At the time of this purchase the White Rock Quarry had 16 operating kilns. For the next fifty years, the Kelley Island Lime & Transport Co. operated the White Rock Quarry. It was during this time that some of the major specimens of fluorite and celestine were being preserved from the quarry and into public and private collections. Many of them can be seen today.

Mitch Gunnel’s Rocks and Minerals article on the White Rock Quarry (1933) erroneously stated that the locality was operated by the Kelly Island Stone Company. This confusion may have arose as early topographic maps of Clay Center indicated the locality as such (Besse, W., August 15, 2016).

In 1955, Kelley Island was beginning to struggle financially and sold its assets to Basic Refractories, Inc. Basic Refractories, Inc. continued to quarry out the dolomite stone (Directory of Ohio Mine Operators, 1965). In 1969, Edward Kraemer & Sons, Inc. was founded and shortly thereafter acquired the White Rock Quarry from Basic, Incorporated. They continued operating the quarry until 1994-1995, when control of the quarry went under Stoneco Inc., a subsidiary of S.E. Johnson Company. Mineral collecting still continued under the management of both Basic, Inc. and Edward Kraemer & Sons, Inc.

In 2003, S.E. Johnson merged with the Shelly Company, which was then purchased by Oldcastle Materials. The quarries formerly operated by Stoneco Inc., in Ohio became part of the Shelly Company umbrella, which still continues to operate the quarry.

A major find of brown fluorite, white bladed celestine and yellow calcite occurred at the White Rock Quarry between 2006 and 2007 when blasting opened a large void of crystals (Harman, 2016).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


9 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR; Midwest Chapter Newsletter Volume 29 No.6:9
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:145.; Midwest Chapter Newsletter Volume 29 No.6:9
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 8:145.; Midwest Chapter Newsletter Volume 29 No.6:9
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Identified in personal collection and confirmed by Joeseph Vasichko, an expert in the qurries of Ohio
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR; Midwest Chapter Newsletter Volume 29 No.6:9

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SSulfur
S CelestineSrSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bowland, J.M. (1896) Commemorative biographical record of the counties of Sandusky and Ottawa, Ohio, containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens and of many of the early settled families. J.H. Beers & Co., Chicago, Illinois: p. 607
Orton, E. and Peppel, S.V. (1906) The limestone resources and the lime industry in Ohio. Geological Survey of Ohio, Bulletin 4: p. 228-229
Gunnell, E. M. (1933) Luminescence of fluorite from Clay Center, Ohio. Rocks & Minerals: 8(6): 145-146.
Morrison, R.B. (1935) The occurrence and origin of celestite and fluorite at Clay Center, Ohio. Mineralogical Society of America, The American Mineralogist: 20: 780 – 790.
Howard, C. L. H. (1959) Celestite and fluorite from Clay Center, Ohio. Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Museum News: 8: 125-130.
Various authors (1965) Directory: Ohio mine operators. Ohio Department of Industrial Relations, Division of Mines: p. 65.
Roedder, E. (1969) Varvelike banding of possible annual origin in celestite crystals from Clay Center, Ohio, and in other minerals. The American Mineralogist: 54 (3): 796-810.
Botoman, G. and Fauer, G. (1976) Sulfur isotope composition of some sulfide and sulfate mineral in Ohio. The Ohio Journal of Science: 76 (2): 66-71
Carlson, E.H. (1994) Geologic, fluid inclusion and isotopic studies of the Findlay Arch District, Northwestern Ohio. Economic Geology: 89: 67-90.
Carlson, E.H. (2015) Minerals of Ohio: Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Bulletin 69: 290.
Besse, W. (2016) Edward Kraemer & Sons, Inc. Quarry: https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,105,391149,405279#msg-405279
Harman, B. (2016) Edward Kraemer & Sons, Inc. Quarry: https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,105,391149,405279#msg-405279
Vasichko, J.W. (2018) Fluorite of the Findlay Arch Mineral District, Ohio, Michigan and Indiana. Rocks and Minerals: 93(2): 113-120.

USGS MRDS Record:10127051

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