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Wheatley Mines, Phoenixville Mining District, Schuylkill Township, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 6' 20'' North , 75° 30' 60'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.10556,-75.51667
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate

This workings represent the consolidation of several earlier workings on the same deposit (Wheatley lode). It was a lead-silver mine. The mine was started in 1851 and closed in the 1860's. It was reopened in 1917 and closed in 1920. The larger enterprise was owned by Mr. Charles Moore Wheatley. Subsequently, when reopened, it was owned by Eastern Mining & Milling Co. The mine consisted of 5 levels with 2,108 meters of horizontal workings, 6 shafts (main engine shaft = 91 meters deep). Rock is adamellite, a granitic intrusive rock of Precambrian age (Mineralization, Triassic period or earlier). Mines include the Wheatley, Brookdale and Phoenix mines.

Note: sadly, many mineral specimens collected from this district, and especially those collected in the 19th century during the mines operation, have locality attributions listed as simply "Phoenixville". Although the Wheatley mine was the most prolific of these mines, and likely produced the majority of specimens now in collections (Charles Wheatley himself was an great mineral enthusiast, with a cabinet of over 6000 specimens from his mines), other mine sites, especially the Chester County Mine, were also quite prolific, and many specimens labled without specific mine site attibutions have since been inappropriately attributed to the more famous Wheatley mine. As such, most "Wheatley" specimens should be considered "district" specimens, unless otherwise noted as "definitively" emanating from the either the Wheatley mine or it's old dump site.

Coordinates given are for the sight of the Brookdale mine and dumps. Other mine coordinates are as follows:
South West Chester Mine: 40°06'15"N, 75°31'16"W.

Mineral List

33 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

541 - 4000 Ma

ID: 2951675
Felsic and intermediate gneiss

Age: Precambrian (541 - 4000 Ma)

Description: Medium grained, light pink to greenish gray; largely quartz, feldspar, and mica; commonly gneissic, containing alteration minerals; interfingers with gabbroic gneiss.

Comments: Digital map differences from 1980 printed map: name changed from (Granodiorite and granodiorite gneiss).

Lithology: Major:{muscovite gneiss}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gordon, Samuel G. (1922), Mineralogy of Pennsylvania: 135-136.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 800, 893, 1085.
Montgomery, Arthur (Jan, 1963), "Gordon's Pennsylvania Mineral List," in Pennsylvania Minerals (PM), PM (3), Keystone Newsletter.
Lapham, Davis M. and Geyer, Alan R. (1965), Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania: 66. (1969): 68.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of Pennsylvania, Inc.: 66-67.
Acta Crystallographica: B36 (1980): 2145.
Rouse, et al (1986).
American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1240.
Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 369-384.

External Links - Wheatley Mine anglesite crystal figures (1854)

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