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Rijckholt mines, Eijsden-Margraten Municipality, Limburg, Netherlandsi
Regional Level Types
Rijckholt minesGroup of Mines
Eijsden-Margraten MunicipalityMunicipality
LimburgProvince
NetherlandsCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 47' 38'' North , 5° 44' 42'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Rijckholt665 (2017)1.1km
Sint Geertruid935 (2017)1.5km
Maarland205 (2017)1.8km
Eckelrade570 (2017)2.1km
Gronsveld2,380 (2017)2.1km


Prehistoric flint mining complex in use since ca. 3000 B.C.; hundreds of interconnected shafts scattered in an area of about 25 hectares; flint and calcite are also found on small dumps in the forest.

Beuker (1990): "[...] Because the layers of good quality flint are situated fairly deep here, 6- to 16-meter-deep shafts were excavated, with a diameter of 1 to 1.5 meters. Once the desired depth was reached, tunnels were excavated in several directions. Using a shafted flint hoe or an antler pick, the chalk containing the flint nodules was removed. At crucial points, support pillars were left standing (to prevent collapse). Even escape tunnels were excavated between the warrens.[...] Mining lasted for a few centuries and must have been done by specialists. Products from these mines have been found spread across a wide area. The flint is of good quality and often light to dark grey in colour."

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


1 valid mineral.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Beuker, J.R. (1990) Werken met steen. Archeologische monografieën van het Drents Museum Assen Deel 2, ISBN 90-70884-28-3 (in Dutch).
Breuls, Ton (1994) Mergelgrotten, het onbekende landschap van Limburg. Mergelbouwsteen, ISBN 90-801848-1-0, 52 pp. (p. 9) (in Dutch).

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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