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Etta Mine, Keystone, Keystone District, Pennington Co., South Dakota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Etta MineMine
Keystone- not defined -
Keystone DistrictMining District
Pennington Co.County
South DakotaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 52' 50'' North , 103° 25' 8'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Keystone343 (2017)1.7km
Hill City995 (2017)13.8km
Colonial Pine Hills2,493 (2017)16.4km
Hermosa392 (2017)18.8km
Custer1,952 (2017)19.2km


A lithium-niobium/tantalum-tin muscovite mine in pegmatite. Started in 1883. Owned by the Harney Peak Tin Co. This mine is famous for its huge crystals.

Originally exploited for muscovite in 1883, but acquired by the Harney Peak Tin Mining Company. Tin was never encountered in economic concentrations and the company collapsed by 1893 in "The Black Hills Tin Scandal".

Lithium (spodumene) mining commenced in 1898 and ceased in 1959. Over the years, the mine produced muscovite, niobium, tantalum, beryl and feldspar.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


90 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 369-384.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122, 146-147.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122, 146-147.; USGS Bull 380D
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Seaman (1976), Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160.; USGS Bull 380D
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Baryte ?
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 110, 112.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Roberts, Bill, Minerals of the Black Hills.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 110 & 112.; USGS Bull 380D; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Cuprocassiterite'
Reference: Min Rec 17:6 p383; USGS Bull 380D
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122,146-147.; USGS Bull 380D; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Griphite
Formula: Na4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Reference: USGS Bull 380D
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: USGS Bull 380D
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122,146-147.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 110 & 112.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 110 & 112.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Bull. Minéral. (1984): 107: 369-384.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Bull. Minéral. (1984): 107: 369-384.
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60:110 & 112.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122,146-147.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160; &/or 60:110 & 112.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60:110 & 112.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite. Muscovite crystals 3 feet to 4 feet in diameter recorded!
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122,146-147.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Mushistonite
Formula: (Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; Dunn, P. J., & Roberts, W. L. (1986). Cuprocassiterite discredited as mushistonite and an unnamed tin mineral from the Etta mine. Mineralogical Record, 17, 383.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122,146-147.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122,146-147.; USGS Bull 380D
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Pseudomalachite ?
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; Dunn, P. J., & Roberts, W. L. (1986). Cuprocassiterite discredited as mushistonite and an unnamed tin mineral from the Etta mine. Mineralogical Record, 17, 383.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Dana 6: 1088; Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122,146-147.; USGS Bull 380D
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite. Spodumene crystals to 47 feet x 3 feet x 6 feet recorded!!
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite. - masses to 2 feet across.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World; USGS Bull 380D
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D
'UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSn'
Formula: CuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Roberts, W.L. (1986): Unnamed tin mineral from the Etta mine. Mineral. Record, 17, Nov-Dec; in: Hawthorne, F.C., Jambor, J.L., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grice, J.D., Phillips, D., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E. (1987): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 72: 1027
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs in a lithia pegmatite.
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60: 110 & 112.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Xanthoxenite
Formula: Ca4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.; USGS Bull 380D

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Mushistonite4.FC.10(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte ?7.AD.35BaSO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Griphite8.BF.15Na4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Pseudomalachite ?8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Tavorite8.BB.05LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Xanthoxenite8.DH.40Ca4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Cuprocassiterite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSn'-CuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Varlamoffite4.4.2.1(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Mushistonite6.3.6.6(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte ?28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Ferrisicklerite38.1.4.1Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Lithiophilite38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Alluaudite38.2.3.6(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite ?41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Tavorite41.5.9.1LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Griphite41.9.3.1Na4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)42.11.2.1{Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laueite42.11.10.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Stewartite42.11.10.2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Xanthoxenite42.11.15.1Ca4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Cuprocassiterite'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSn'-CuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
H Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
H GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSnCuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Li GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C GraphiteC
C SideriteFeCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
OOxygen
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
O UraniniteUO2
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O HübneriteMnWO4
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O CorundumAl2O3
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
O Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSnCuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
O BaryteBaSO4
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
NaSodium
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
MgMagnesium
Mg MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSnCuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
P Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
P Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
P XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
P GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Ca Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Ca GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
FeIron
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Fe LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Fe Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
Fe Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSnCuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
CuCopper
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Cu UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSnCuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
As LöllingiteFeAs2
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Sn Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]
Sn UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSnCuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
SbAntimony
Sb UM1986-56-SbO:CuFeHSiSnCuFeSn3(Sb,Si)O7(OH)7
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2472506
Metagraywacke unit 2

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Middle part of metagraywacke unit Xgw. Lithologically similar to unit Xgw3. Pelitic parts may contain sillimanite near Harney Peak Granite. Unit underlies mica schist unit (unit Xts) in Pactola Lake area but is shown as Xgw where Xts pinches out to the north. Overlies unit Xqc to the southeast in the Rockerville-Keystone area, where unit may be as much as 2,000 m thick and is largely proximal turbidites. North of Hill City, unit apparently pinches out.

Reference: Redden, J.A., E. DeWitt. Maps Showing Geology, Structure, and Geophysics of the Central Black Hills, South Dakota. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 2777. [73]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3191697
Paleoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2797792
Metagraywacke

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Light- to dark-gray, silceous mica schist and impure quartzite. Differentiated where possible into three primary tongues or lenses. (Xgw1, Xgw2, and Xgw3) Thickness from 1,000 ft to over 5,000 ft (305-1,524 m).

Comments: Original map source: Martin, J.E., Sawyer, J.F., Fahrenbach, M.D., Tomhave, D.W., and Schulz, L.D., 2004, Geologic Map of South Dakota: South Dakota Geological Survey, GM 10, scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{mica schist,quartzite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1088.
Rocks & Minerals: 10: 121-122, 146-147.
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160.
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 110, 112.
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
"A History of Black Hills Pegmatites", Matrix Magazine, Volume 10, Number 3, Tom Loomis

External Links



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