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Victory Mine (Victory pegmatite; Victory Mica Mine; Hedman Mine), Custer, Custer Mining District, Custer Co., South Dakota, USAi
Regional Level Types
Victory Mine (Victory pegmatite; Victory Mica Mine; Hedman Mine)Mine
Custer- not defined -
Custer Mining DistrictMining District
Custer Co.County
South DakotaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 46' 57'' North , 103° 34' 9'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Custer1,952 (2017)3.0km
Hill City995 (2017)16.7km
Keystone343 (2017)17.4km
Pringle109 (2017)19.4km
Hermosa392 (2017)31.0km


A granite pegmatite formerly operated for muscovite and located 3.2 km (2 miles) northeast of Custer.

Refs.: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 911.

U.S. Bureau of Mines (1955) Black Hills Mineral Atlas, South Dakota: Part 2, Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7707.

Roberts, W.L., and Rapp, George (1965) Mineralogy of the Black Hills, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology.

Mineralogical Record (1973): 4: 111.

Moore, Paul B.; Ito, Jun. (1973): Wyllieite (Na2Fe2+2Al(PO4)3), a new species. Mineralogical Record: 4: 131-136.

Moore, Paul B. and Molin-Case, JoAnn, 1974, Contribution to Pegmatite Phosphate Giant Crystal Paragenesis: II Crystal Chemistry of Wyllieite, NasFe2+aAl[PO4]3, a Primary Phase, American Mineralogist, v. 59, p. 280-290.

Moore, Paul B. and Ito, Jun 1979, [Wyllieite redefined as ferrowyllieite-(MnNaNa)], Min. Mag. v. 43, p. 227 (1979).

Rocks & Minerals (1982): 57: 55.

Rocks & Minerals (2000): 75(3): 156-169.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


18 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 57:55.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: [MinRec 4:111, 4:131-136]
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: [MinRec 4:111, 4:131-136]
Ferrobobfergusonite (TL)
Formula: Na2Fe2+5Fe3+Al(PO4)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Yong, T., Yang, H. and Downs, R. T. (2017) Ferrobobfergusonite, IMA 2017-006. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742.
Ferrowyllieite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 57:55.
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Reference: [MinRec 4:111, 4:131-136]
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 911; Rocks & Minerals (2000): 75(3): 156-169.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Colour: Black
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Wyllieite
Formula: (Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Description: The original wyllieite from the Victory Pegmatite was redefined in 1979 by Moore and Ito as ferrowyllieite-(MnNaNa).
Reference: [MinRec 4:111, 4:131-136]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Ferrowyllieite (TL)8.AC.15(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Sarcopside8.AB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Wyllieite ?8.AC.15(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferrobobfergusonite (TL)-Na2Fe2+5Fe3+Al(PO4)6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
(AB)5(XO4)3
Ferrowyllieite (TL)38.2.4.1(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Wyllieite ?38.2.4.2(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
(AB)3(XO4)2
Graftonite38.3.3.1Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Sarcopside38.3.1.1(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
AXO4
Heterosite38.4.1.1(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferrobobfergusonite (TL)-Na2Fe2+5Fe3+Al(PO4)6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
LiLithium
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
OOxygen
O Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
O FerrobobfergusoniteNa2Fe52+Fe3+Al(PO4)6
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
O Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
NaSodium
Na Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Na FerrobobfergusoniteNa2Fe52+Fe3+Al(PO4)6
Na Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
MgMagnesium
Mg Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
AlAluminium
Al Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Al FerrobobfergusoniteNa2Fe52+Fe3+Al(PO4)6
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
P FerrobobfergusoniteNa2Fe52+Fe3+Al(PO4)6
P Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
P GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
P Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
P Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Ca Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
MnManganese
Mn Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Mn Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Mn Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
FeIron
Fe Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
Fe FerrobobfergusoniteNa2Fe52+Fe3+Al(PO4)6
Fe Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Fe GraftoniteFe2+Fe22+(PO4)2
Fe Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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