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White Cap Mine (King Mica Mine; Primer lode), Keystone, Keystone Mining District, Pennington Co., South Dakota, USAi
Regional Level Types
White Cap Mine (King Mica Mine; Primer lode)Mine
Keystone- not defined -
Keystone Mining DistrictMining District
Pennington Co.County
South DakotaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 52' 45'' North , 103° 24' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Keystone343 (2017)2.1km
Hill City995 (2017)14.8km
Colonial Pine Hills2,493 (2017)16.0km
Hermosa392 (2017)17.7km
Custer1,952 (2017)19.9km


A former pegmatite (mica-feldspar-Be-Li) occurrence/mine located in the NE¼ sec. 16, T2S, R6E, M, on National Forest land. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 100 meters.

Mineralization is an irregular, zoned pegmatite body in mica schist. Local rocks include Metagraywacke.

Workings include surface openings comprised of 2 large, open cuts.

Production data are found in: U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular IC-7707, p. 76.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


35 valid minerals. 3 erroneous literature entries.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 60:112.
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Jessica Simonoff photo
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).
Ernstite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: Loomis, tom (2011), News from the Black Hills, South Dakota", Mineral News (to be published)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Ferrolaueite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Colour: light-orange, faint yellow
Reference: Loomis, T. (2011), News from the Black Hills, South Dakota. Mineral News (2011), 27(11),4-5, 8
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Loomis, T. (2011), News from the Black Hills, South Dakota. Mineral News in press
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Olmsteadite
Formula: KFe2+2(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 33 (Table A-1).
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: James Cheshire collection
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Whitmoreite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite ?8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Childrenite8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ernstite8.DD.20(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Ferrolaueite8.DC.30Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lithiophilite ?8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Messelite8.CG.05Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Olmsteadite8.DJ.05KFe2+2(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Scorzalite8.BB.40Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Whitmoreite8.DC.15Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Tantalite' ?-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Lithiophilite ?38.1.1.2LiMn2+PO4
Triphylite38.1.1.1LiFe2+PO4
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hureaulite39.2.1.1(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Messelite40.2.2.2Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite ?41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq
Arrojadite-(KFe)41.7.2.1{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Lazulite41.10.1.1MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Scorzalite41.10.1.2Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Childrenite42.7.1.1Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ernstite42.7.1.3(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Olmsteadite42.7.11.1KFe2+2(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Mitridatite42.8.4.1Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Ferrolaueite42.11.10.7Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laueite42.11.10.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite42.11.9.1Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Whitmoreite42.11.20.1Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Jahnsite Group'-XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
'Tantalite' ?-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
H LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H OlmsteaditeKFe22+(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
H Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
H LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
H MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
LiLithium
Li TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O OlmsteaditeKFe22+(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
O Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
O LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
NaSodium
Na Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Al ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
SiSilicon
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
P ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P OlmsteaditeKFe22+(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
P Jahnsite GroupXM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
P LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
P StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
P LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
P LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
KPotassium
K Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
K OlmsteaditeKFe22+(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Mn Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Mn LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mn StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mn LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Fe ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fe Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Fe LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe OlmsteaditeKFe22+(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Fe ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
NbNiobium
Nb OlmsteaditeKFe22+(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
TaTantalum
Ta OlmsteaditeKFe22+(Nb5+,Ta5+)(PO4)2O2 · 2H2O
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
U.S. Bureau of Mines (1955), Information Circular IC-7707, p. 75-76.
Norton, James J. (1964) Pegmatites and other Precambrian Rocks in the Southern Black Hills; Geology and mineral deposits of some pegmatites in the southern Black Hills, South Dakota. USGS Professional Paper 297E: 337-340.
Roberts, W. L., nd Rapp, George (1965), Mineralogy of the Black Hills, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Bulletin 18.
Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular IC-8298: 33 (Table A-1).
Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60: 112.
Rocks & Minerals (2000): 75(3): 156-169.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10129201.
Loomis, T. (2011), News from the Black Hills, South Dakota. Mineral News (2011): 27(11): 4-5, 8.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file #0461030233.
Roberts and Rapp, "Mineralogy of the Black Hills," South Dakota SMT, Bulletin 18.

USGS MRDS Record:10129201

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