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Indian Mountain, Cherokee Co., Alabama, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 1' 21'' North , 85° 27' 21'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.02250,-85.45611
GeoHash:G#: dn51x3sg2
Locality type:Mountain
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


A feature running from Polk Co., Georgia (see there) into SE Cherokee Co., Alabama.

Note on the mineral list:
Barwood & Hajek (1978) states that XRD analysis showed that all the green to yellow-green fibrous hemispheres of dufrenite from the Indian Mountain locality were mixtures of dufrenite and kidwellite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

21 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.; Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: IMA new nomenclature
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
Reference: Barwood, H. (1974) Iron phosphate mineral locality at Indian Mountain, Alabama. Mineralogical Record, 5, 241-244; Museum Victoria Registration Number: M 33568; Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Natrodufrénite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Henry Barwood
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
Tinticite
Formula: Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Reference: Henry Barwood - confirmed by Tony Kampf using single crystal X-ray diffraction
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):361.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Beraunite' ?8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
'Cacoxenite'8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Churchite-(Y)'8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
'Dufrénite'8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Gorceixite'8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Kidwellite'8.DK.20NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
'Leucophosphite'8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
'Natrodufrénite'8.DK.15NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Phosphosiderite'8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
'Rockbridgeite'8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
'Strengite'8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
'Tinticite'8.DC.32Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
'Variscite'8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
'Wavellite'8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Eleonorite'-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Kidwellite42.8.2.1NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Natrodufrénite42.9.1.3NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite ?42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Tinticite42.12.4.1Fe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite (of Moore)'-(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
H Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
O Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Na NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
P Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Fe Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2O
CuCopper
Cu Laubmannite (of Moore)(Fe3+,Fe2+,M)8+x(OH,H2O)9(H2O)2(PO4)5, M = Fe3+, Cu2+ or other metal cation, x = approx · 0.1.
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187973
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 2817145
Weisner and Wilson Ridge Formations undifferentiated

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Weisner Formation; Ridge Formation

Description: Interbedded quartzose to slightly feldspathic sandstone and laterally continous conglomerate in ledge-forming units seperated by greenish-gray silty mudstone.

Comments: Original map source: Geological Survey of Alabama, 2006, GSA Special Map Series 220A, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,conglomerate}, Minor:{mudstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Hurst (1957d).
- Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurrences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391.
- Mineralogical Record (1989): 20(5): 361.
- Rocks & Minerals (1989): 64: 203.
- Gordon & Hollabaugh (1989).

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