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Elmwood Mine, Carthage, Smith Co., Tennessee, USAi
Regional Level Types
Elmwood MineMine
Carthage- not defined -
Smith Co.County
TennesseeState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 13' 27'' North , 85° 54' 23'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Deposit first discovered:
1969
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
South Carthage1,334 (2017)4.5km
Carthage2,278 (2017)5.1km
Gordonsville1,204 (2017)6.1km
Lafayette4,078 (2006)17.6km
Alexandria976 (2017)19.9km


A Zn occurrence/mine owned by the Jersey Minière Zinc Co. Discovered in 1969.

In 2010, Nyrstar company reopened the zinc mines in the Carthage, Tennessee area which includes the Elmwood, Gordonsville and Cumberland mines. The Elmwood is being operated through the Gordonsville #3 shaft and incline. The first ore from the Elmwood was hoisted in November 2010.

The ore formed at temperatures between 85 and 130 C.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

11 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Barite occurs as white, mound-like spherical aggregates, often exceeding 10 cm in diameter. Associated minerals include fluorite, sphalerite and calcite.
Reference: Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218. Lasmanis, R. (2016) Galena: From Mississippi Valley-Type Deposits. Rocks & Minerals, 64(1), 11-34. Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Baryte var: Strontian Baryte
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
Reference: Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: Scalenohedral twined crystals to 45cm
Colour: Amber
Description: Three(?) generations of calcite 1) Simple scalenohedrons surrounded by sphalerite 2) Blunt scalenohedral crystals 3) Twinned amber scalenohedrons
Reference: Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218 Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Colour: Transparent blue
Reference: Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Habit: Fibrous
Colour: white
Description: Initially identified as anglesite.
Reference: Jensen, M. (1996) Occurrence of Barian Celestine at the Elmwood Zinc Deposit, Smith County, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 27(3), 171-173.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218 Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Lasmanis, R. (2016) Galena: From Mississippi Valley-Type Deposits. Rocks & Minerals, 64(1), 11-34. Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218 Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218 Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218. Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Lasmanis, R. (2016) Galena: From Mississippi Valley-Type Deposits. Rocks & Minerals, 64(1), 11-34. Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record, 9(4), 213-218. Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology, 71(5), 892-903.
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Strontian Baryte7.AD.35(Ba,Sr)SO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
var: Barian Celestine7.AD.35(Sr,Ba)SO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Baryte
var: Strontian Baryte
-(Ba,Sr)SO4
Celestine
var: Barian Celestine
-(Sr,Ba)SO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C VateriteCaCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O CelestineSrSO4
O Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
O Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
O VateriteCaCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S CelestineSrSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
S Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca VateriteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
Sr Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
Ba Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kyle, J.R. (1976) Brecciation, Alteration and Mineralization in the Central Tennessee Zinc District. Economic Geology: 71(5): 892-903.
Kearns, L.E., Campbell III, F.H. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: The Elmwood and Gordonsville Zinc Mines near Carthage, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record: 9(4): 213-218.
Wilson, W.E. (1981) New Discoveries at Elmwood, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record: 12(1): 47.
Gaylord, W.B., Briskey, J.A. (1983) Summary of the geology of the Elmwood-Gordonsville mining complex, Central Tennessee zinc district: In: Tennessee zinc deposit field trip Guidebook 9. Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Virginia: 116-151.
Seal, R.R., Cooper, B.J., Craig, J.R. (1985) Anisotropic Sphalerite of the Elmwood-Gordonsville deposits, Tennessee. Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 83-88.
Minerals Yearbook (1988) Zinc: 9.
Gaylord, W.B. (1995) Geology of the Elmwood and Gordonsville Mines, Central Tennessee Zinc District - An Update [of] Misra, K.C. (1995) Carbonate-Hosted Lead-Zinc-Fluorite-Barite Deposits of North America. Society of Economic Geologists, Guidebook Series, Volume 22.
Jensen, M. (1996) Occurrence of Barian Celestine at the Elmwood Zinc Deposit, Smith County, Tennessee. The Mineralogical Record: 27(3): 171-173.
Rakovan, J. (2006) Mississippi Valley-Type Deposits. Rocks & Minerals: 81(1): 69-71.
White, J.S. (2009) The Odd Fluorite Crystal Points: From the Elmwood Mine, Smith Coounty, Tennessee. Rocks & Minerals: 84(1): 26-31.
Cook, R.B. (2013) Fluorite Occurrences in the Southeastern United States. Rocks & Minerals: 88(1): 50-59.
Lasmanis, R. (2016) Galena: From Mississippi Valley-Type Deposits. Rocks & Minerals: 64(1): 11-34.

External Links

http://rruff.info/uploads/CM23_83.pdf [Anisotropic Sphalerite of the Elmwood-Gordonsville deposits, Tennessee. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 83-88.]

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North America PlateTectonic Plate

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