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Luishia Mine, Kambove District, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 11° 10' 8'' South , 27° 0' 33'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -11.16889,27.00917
GeoHash:G#: kw50qwg2x
Owned/operated by:Forrest Group (60%), Gécamines (40%)
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Reduced facies type copper-cobalt deposit, mined from an open cut from 1913 to 1949. Located 15 km SSW of Katanga.

Regions containing this locality

Central Africa

Region - 530 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


17 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Chalcocyanite
Formula: CuSO4
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
'commodity:Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Reference:  
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference:  
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Not part of the Luisha copper deposit.
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Carrollite'2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Linnaeite' ?2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Heterogenite'4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Bieberite'7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Chalcocyanite'7.AB.10CuSO4
'Cyanotrichite'7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Kyanite'9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Linnaeite ?2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Chalcocyanite28.3.3.1CuSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
CoCobalt
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
UUranium
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3192935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cryogenian
635 - 720 Ma



ID: 3311659

Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.
Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003) Sediment-Hosted Copper Deposits of the World: Deposit Models and Database. USGS Open-File Report 03-107.


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