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Mariposa Mine (California Mountain Mine), Terlingua Mining District, Brewster Co., Texas, USAi
Regional Level Types
Mariposa Mine (California Mountain Mine)Mine
Terlingua Mining DistrictMining District
Brewster Co.County
TexasState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
29° 19' 5'' North , 103° 41' 39'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Study Butte233 (2011)15.8km
Manuel Benavides916 (2014)31.2km
Álamos de San Antonio131 (2013)44.3km


Second largest mercury producer in district.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

24 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Arthur E. Smith (2016) The Mineralogy of Texas. Lulu Press. p. 30.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 43:1055-1060; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 393-396 (1981)
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: BEG Min Res Circ 73.
Comancheite (TL)
Formula: Hg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1981): 19: 393-396.
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Reference: Mineral News: 13(3): 1, 4, 5.
Edgarbaileyite
Formula: (Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Eglestonite
Formula: (Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Gianellaite (TL)
Formula: [(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
Type Locality:
Reference: Neues Jahrb. Min., Mh. (1977): 119-131.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 393-396 (1981)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.; Canadian Mineralogist 43:1055-1060
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 393-396 (1981)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Kleinite
Formula: (Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Montroydite
Formula: HgO
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Mosesite
Formula: (Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
'Native Amalgam' ?
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Pinchite
Formula: Hg2+5Cl2O4
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 393-396 (1981)
Silver ?
Formula: Ag
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.
Terlinguacreekite (TL)
Formula: Hg2+3Cl2O2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 43:1055-1060
Terlinguaite
Formula: (Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals: 66(1): 202.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver ?1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Corderoite2.FC.15aHg2+3S2Cl2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Group 3 - Halides
Calomel3.AA.30(Hg2)2+Cl2
Comancheite (TL)3.DD.65Hg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Eglestonite3.DD.05(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Gianellaite (TL)3.DD.30[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
Kleinite3.DD.35(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Mosesite3.DD.30(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Pinchite3.DD.25Hg2+5Cl2O4
Terlinguacreekite (TL)3.DD.55Hg2+3Cl2O2
Terlinguaite3.DD.20(Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Montroydite4.AC.15HgO
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Edgarbaileyite9.BC.25(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Native Amalgam' ?-(Ag,Hg)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver ?1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Montroydite4.2.6.1HgO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Calomel9.1.8.1(Hg2)2+Cl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Corderoite10.3.3.1Hg2+3S2Cl2
A2(O,OH)Xq
Kleinite10.4.3.1(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Terlinguaite10.4.2.1(Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2
Am(O,OH)pXq
Comancheite (TL)10.5.5.1Hg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Eglestonite10.5.4.1(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)
Pinchite10.5.3.1Hg2+5Cl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Gianellaite (TL)28.2.4.1[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Mosesite29.3.8.1(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with dimeric cations
Edgarbaileyite55.5.1.1(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Native Amalgam' ?-(Ag,Hg)
Terlinguacreekite (TL)-Hg2+3Cl2O2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
H ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
H Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
N ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
N Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
N Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
OOxygen
O Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
O ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
O TerlinguacreekiteHg32+Cl2O2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Edgarbaileyite(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
O Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
O MontroyditeHgO
O Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
O PinchiteHg52+Cl2O4
O Terlinguaite(Hg22+)Hg22+Cl2O2
O BaryteBaSO4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Edgarbaileyite(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
SSulfur
S Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
S Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
S MetacinnabarHgS
S CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
S CinnabarHgS
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Cl TerlinguacreekiteHg32+Cl2O2
Cl Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Cl Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
Cl Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Cl Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Cl PinchiteHg52+Cl2O4
Cl Terlinguaite(Hg22+)Hg22+Cl2O2
Cl CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
BrBromine
Br ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
MoMolybdenum
Mo Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
AgSilver
Ag Native Amalgam(Ag,Hg)
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)x
Hg ComancheiteHg552+N243–(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34
Hg TerlinguacreekiteHg32+Cl2O2
Hg Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Hg Edgarbaileyite(Hg-Hg)3Si2O7
Hg Eglestonite(Hg22+)3OCl3(OH)
Hg Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
Hg MontroyditeHgO
Hg MercuryHg
Hg Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg PinchiteHg52+Cl2O4
Hg Terlinguaite(Hg22+)Hg22+Cl2O2
Hg CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg Native Amalgam(Ag,Hg)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Yates, R.G. and Thompson, G.A. (1944) The Mariposa mine, Terlingua quicksilver district, Brewster County, Texas. USGS Open-File Report 44-75.
Tunell, G., Fahey, J.J., Daugherty, F.W., Gibbs, G.V. (1977) Gianellaite, a new mercury mineral. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 119-131.
Roberts, A.C., Ansell, H.G. and Dunn, P.J. (1981) Comancheite, a new mercury oxychloride-bromide from Terlingua, Texas. Canadian Mineralogist, 19, 393-396.
Smith, A.E. (1991) Texas Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals, 66:196.
Roberts, A.C., Gault, R.A., Paar, W.H., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Burns, P.C., Cisneros, S. and Foord, E.E. (2005) Terlinguacreekite, Hg2+3O2Cl2, a new mineral species from the Perry Pit, Mariposa mine, Terlingua mining district, Brewster County, Texas, U.S.A. Canadian Mineralogist 43:1055-1060.

Localities in this Region

  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Terlingua Mining District
        • Mariposa Mine (California Mountain Mine)

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