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Odessa craters, Odessa, Ector Co., Texas, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 45' 20'' North , 102° 28' 41'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.75583,-102.47833
GeoHash:G#: 9txhshcx1
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A group of five shallow meteorite craters located about ten miles southwest of Odessa. The largest is approximately 165 meters wide, making it the second largest crater in the US.

The craters were produced by the Odessa (iron) meteorite, a coarse octahedrite classified as a member of the main group of IAB meteorites (IAB-MG). Since 1922 1.6 tons of Fe-Ni rich meteoritical material (Ni ~7 wt%) has been recovered. The sulfides, silicates and several other familiar minerals listed here are, in the main, constituents of the original meteorite where they were often components of troilite and/or graphite inclusions. Several IAB iron meteorites, including the Odessa (iron) meteorite, contain 'silicate' inclusions which contain olivine, orthopyroxene, plagioclase, and other minor minerals. The pre-terrestrial Odessa silicates are usually very reduced and Mg-rich. Several minerals and mineral aggregates listed here (e.g., hibbingite, lawrencite, limonite) were produced by terrestrial weathering of the original iron meteorite. Pentlandite is somewhat more complicated as it is apparently both a primary, preterrestrial component and a weathering product.

The proper name for the meteorite associated with the Odessa Craters is 'Odessa (iron)' as the 'Odessa' meteorite refers to fragments of the earlier (1881) Grossliebenthal meteorite which fell in the Odessa Province of Ukraine.

Significant amounts of the Odessa meteorite are held in the nearby State Universities of Texas (Austin) and New Mexico (Albuquerque) and elsewhere. Masses with well-preserved interior masses, however, are still in short supply.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

ODESSA CRATER, ECTOR,TEXAS, USA

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

24 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.256
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Meteoritics, volume 7, number 3, page 309.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Reference: J. I. Goldstein THE DISTRIBUTION OF Ge IN THE METALLIC PHASES OF SOME IRON METEORITES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages. ; El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages. ; El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965); Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.256; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 33, no. 2, pages 393-409.; Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965); Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Graphite var: Cliftonite
Formula: C
Reference: El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965); Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Haxonite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)23C6
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Meteoritics, volume 7, number 3, page 309.
Hibbingite
Formula: Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Buchwald, V. F., & Koch, C. B. (1995). Hibbingite (Beta-Fe2 (OH) 3Cl), a Chlorine-Rich Corrosion Product in Meteorites and Ancient Iron Objects. Meteoritics, 30, 493.
'IAB-MG iron meteorite'
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XIII, P. 393-394. Abstract.; Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 23, June 1988, p. 107-112. ; J. I. Goldstein THE DISTRIBUTION OF Ge IN THE METALLIC PHASES OF SOME IRON METEORITES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER; Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.256; Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XIII, P. 393-394. Abstract.; Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 23, June 1988, p. 107-112. ; J. I. Goldstein THE DISTRIBUTION OF Ge IN THE METALLIC PHASES OF SOME IRON METEORITES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER; Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.256; Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Reference: Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Van King
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.256
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965)
'Plessite'
Reference: J. I. Goldstein THE DISTRIBUTION OF Ge IN THE METALLIC PHASES OF SOME IRON METEORITES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER; Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Crystal Research and Technology Volume 40 Issue 1-2, Pages 52 - 64; J. I. Goldstein THE DISTRIBUTION OF Ge IN THE METALLIC PHASES OF SOME IRON METEORITES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER; Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XIII, P. 393-394. Abstract.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages. ; El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965)
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 23, June 1988, p. 107-112. ; Beck, C. W. and La Paz, L. (1951), The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XIII, P. 393-394. Abstract.; Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages. ; El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965); Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: El Goresy, A. (1965) Mineralbestand und Strukturen der Graphit- und Sulfideinschlüsse in Eisenmeteoriten Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 29 (10): 1131-1151. (Oct 1965)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Awaruite'1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
var: Cliftonite1.CB.05aC
Haxonite1.BA.10(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Hibbingite3.DA.10aFe2+2(OH)3Cl
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Chromite'4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chlorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
IAB-MG iron meteorite-
K Feldspar-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Meteoritic Iron-
Orthopyroxene Subgroup-
Plessite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Cohenite1.1.16.1Fe3C
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Haxonite1.1.16.2(Fe,Ni)23C6
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Hibbingite10.1.1.2Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Graphite
var: Cliftonite
-C
'IAB-MG iron meteorite'-
Iron-Fe
var: Martensite-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Plessite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C Graphite (var: Cliftonite)C
C CoheniteFe3C
C GraphiteC
C Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Cl Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe CoheniteFe3C
Fe DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
Fe Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Fe HibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
Fe IronFe
Fe Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Fe Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Iron (var: Martensite)Fe
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
NiNickel
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni Iron (var: Kamacite)(Fe,Ni)
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186170
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Carbonate,shale

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 2879752
Fredericksburg Group

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Edwards Limstone; Comanche Peak Limestone; Keys Valley Marl; Cedar Park Limestone; Bee Cave Marl

Comments: Fredericksberg Group--Limestone,dolomite,chert, marl. Limestone nodular, aphanitic, marly, gray, yell, white, pink; dolomite, find grained, gray; chert, in thin layers and nodules; marl locally gypsiferous, gray. abundant Exogyra texana some beds made almost entirely of Gryphaea sp., exposed thickness 50 ft in Hobbs Sheet (1976). Edwards Limstone, limestone, dolostone, and chert 60-350 ft thick. Comanche Peak Limestone 80 ft thick. Keys Valley Marl, soft, white as much as 50 ft thick. Cedar Park Limestone similar to Comanche Peak Ls (fine to v. fine grained, fairly hard, nodular, lt. gray, burrowed). Bee Cave Marl soft, white Exogyra texana abdt, thickness 25-40 ft.

Lithology: Major:{limestone,dolostone,marl}, Minor:{chert}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Beck, C.W. and La Paz, L. (1951) The Odessa, Texas, Siderite (ECN =+ 1025,318). Contributions of the Meteoritical Society, 5: 27–33.
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970) Mineralogy and Petrology of Silicate Inclusions in Iron Meteorites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam, London: New York. 245 pages.
Buchwald, V.F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Grady, M.M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.

External Links

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php = Meteoritical Bulletin Database

Localities in this Region
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