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El Sherana mine (El Sherana West mine), South Alligator River, West Arnhem Region, Northern Territory, Australiai
Regional Level Types
El Sherana mine (El Sherana West mine)Mine
South Alligator RiverRiver
West Arnhem RegionRegion
Northern TerritoryTerritory
AustraliaCountry

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Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 13° 30' 34'' South , 132° 31' 14'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -13.50932,132.52067
GeoHash:G#: qvw5psdwe
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet


El Sherana was the largest producer of high grade uranium ore amongst the mines along the South Alligator River valley, totalling 38 400 tonnes for El Sherana and 21 300 tonnes for El Sherana West mine. They were underground and open-cut operations.

The ore consisted of massive pods and disseminated veinlets of pitchblende, with secondary metatorbernite, autunite, gummite and gold, with minor pyrite, galena, and chalcopyrite. The ore was hosted by the carbonaceous shale of the Koolpin Formation, within 45 metres of the contact with the unconformably overlying Carpentarian Sandstone.

A camp was constructed for these and nearby mines consisting of dongas for single men, and a few cottages for families. A gravity separation plant was constructed in 1956, 2 kilometres west of the camp. A 1992 inspection stated they were all in poor condition, and shortly after were dismantled and buried on-site.

The mine was a uranium producer with some gold and silver. It was discovered in 1954, by a team led by Joe Fischer. The mine name is a combination of a team member's daughters names. It operated from 1954 to 1964, and the site rehabilitated across 1988 to 1992, leaving little but some bare ground. It was operated by United Uranium NL. In 1959 it purchased a former gold mining processing plant at Moline, 50 kilometres to the west and ore was trucked there to be processed.

In the 1980's, an exploration focus was made on El Sherana, Palette and Coronation Hill mines for gold, platinum and palladium. These metals are found in halo's around the uranium mineralised areas. Opposition from local indigenous groups, and conservationists prevented mining in what was by then the Kakadu National Park, which had expanded into the area.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
North Australian Element, AustraliaCraton
Pine Creek Orogen, Northern Territory, AustraliaOrogen

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Chipley, D., Polito, P. A., & Kyser, T. K. (2007). Measurement of U-Pb ages of uraninite and davidite by laser ablation-HR-ICP-MS. American Mineralogist, 92(11-12), 1925-1935.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Berzelianite
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Dept of National Resources/ Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics (1968): Bulletin 82
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Dept of National Resources/ Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics (1968): Bulletin 82; Chipley, D., Polito, P. A., & Kyser, T. K. (2007). Measurement of U-Pb ages of uraninite and davidite by laser ablation-HR-ICP-MS. American Mineralogist, 92(11-12), 1925-1935.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Dept of National Resources/ Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics (1968): Bulletin 82; Chipley, D., Polito, P. A., & Kyser, T. K. (2007). Measurement of U-Pb ages of uraninite and davidite by laser ablation-HR-ICP-MS. American Mineralogist, 92(11-12), 1925-1935.
Heisenbergite
Formula: UO2(OH) · 2H2O (simplified UO3 · 2H2 O)
Reference: Threadgold, I. M. (1960): The Mineral Composition of Some Uranium Ores from the South Alligator River Area, Northern Territory.CSIRO Mineragraphic Investigations Technical Paper No. 2, CSIRO, Melbourne ; Walenta, K. & Theye, T. (2012): Heisenbergite, a new uranium mineral from the uranium deposit of Menzenschwand in the Southern Black Forest, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 189, 117-123
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Dept of National Resources/ Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics (1968): Bulletin 82
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P Haas collection; Brickell, A. (1980). 1979 Summary Report on Joint Venture Areas in the South Alligator River Valley Northern Territory Australia.
Rutherfordine
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: P Haas collection
Soddyite
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Threadgoldite
Formula: Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Chipley, D., Polito, P. A., & Kyser, T. K. (2007). Measurement of U-Pb ages of uraninite and davidite by laser ablation-HR-ICP-MS. American Mineralogist, 92(11-12), 1925-1935.; Brickell, A. (1980). 1979 Summary Report on Joint Venture Areas in the South Alligator River Valley Northern Territory Australia.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Chipley, D., Polito, P. A., & Kyser, T. K. (2007). Measurement of U-Pb ages of uraninite and davidite by laser ablation-HR-ICP-MS. American Mineralogist, 92(11-12), 1925-1935.; Brickell, A. (1980). 1979 Summary Report on Joint Venture Areas in the South Alligator River Valley Northern Territory Australia.
Vandendriesscheite
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Reference: Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Berzelianite2.BA.20Cu2Se
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Vandendriesscheite4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rutherfordine5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Dewindtite8.EC.10H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Dumontite8.EC.15Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Threadgoldite8.EB.20Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Soddyite9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Heisenbergite-UO2(OH) · 2H2O (simplified UO3 · 2H2 O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Berzelianite2.4.10.1Cu2Se
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX6O19·xH2O
Becquerelite5.7.1.2Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
AX7O22·xH2O
Vandendriesscheite5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rutherfordine14.1.4.1(UO2)CO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Meta-autunite40.2a.1.2Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Saléeite40.2a.11.1Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Dumontite42.4.5.1Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dewindtite42.9.8.1H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Threadgoldite42.11.13.3Al(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Soddyite53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Heisenbergite-UO2(OH) · 2H2O (simplified UO3 · 2H2 O)
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
H ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
H BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
H DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
H DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
H HeisenbergiteUO2(OH) · 2H2O (simplified UO3 · 2H2 O)
CCarbon
C Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
OOxygen
O SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
O ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
O BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
O DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
O DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
O Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
O VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O HeisenbergiteUO2(OH) · 2H2O (simplified UO3 · 2H2 O)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O UraniniteUO2
MgMagnesium
Mg SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
AlAluminium
Al ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
P ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
P DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
P DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
KPotassium
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Ca BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BerzelianiteCu2Se
AsArsenic
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SeSelenium
Se BerzelianiteCu2Se
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Pb DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Pb VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
UUranium
U SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
U ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
U BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
U DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
U DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
U Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
U VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
U HeisenbergiteUO2(OH) · 2H2O (simplified UO3 · 2H2 O)
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3190953
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Mcarthur Basin

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Orosirian
1800 - 2050 Ma



ID: 715466
Pul Pul Rhyolite

Age: Orosirian (1800 - 2050 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Pul Pul Rhyolite

Description: Purple to pink, felsic welded vitric ignimbrite and non-welded ignimbrite; non-vesicular rhyolite intrusives; polymictic volcaniclastic granule to boulder conglomerate, massive volcaniclastic sandstone.

Comments: igneous felsic volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous felsic volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005): Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley Uranium Field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, (2005):11, 7-11.
Ryan, B., Tims, S.(1988): Radiation Surveys of the El Sherana Camp Site and Sleisbeck Pit and Waste Rock Piles, Supervising Scientist for the Alligator Rivers Region, Environmental Research Institute of the Supervising Scientist (May 1988): Internal Report 284.
Waggitt, P.(2004): A History of Uranium Mill Tailings Management in Northern Australia, Office of the Supervising Scientist, Department of Environment and Heritage, Northern Territory Government (Feb 29 - Mar 4 2004): WM04 Conference Tucson Arizona.
Crohn, P.W. (1968): The Mines and Mineral Deposits of the Katherine-Darwin Region, Department of National Development/ Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia (1968): Bulletin 82.

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