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Gold mines, Kloben (south slope), Hochtor area, Glockner group, Hohe Tauern, Carinthia, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Gold minesGroup of Mines
Kloben (south slope)- not defined -
Hochtor areaArea
Glockner group- not defined -
Hohe Tauern- not defined -
Carinthia- not defined -
AustriaCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Goldgruben, Kloben (Südflanke), Hochtor-Gebiet, Glocknergruppe, Hohe Tauern, Kärnten, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 5' 48'' North , 12° 48' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.09694,12.80472
GeoHash:G#: u235gmspe
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


Just east of the summit of the Kloben, at an elevation of roughly 2900 m above sea level, a system of gold-bearing quartz veins disseminates phyllites and micaschists. Since the veins were worked both from the northern (Salzburgian) and the southern (Carinthian) side of the mountain, the minerals are listed for both countries. Located about 3.5 km NW of Hochtor pass.

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,251 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O RutileTiO2
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
SSulfur
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
AgSilver
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3130861
Bündner Schiefer (Schistes Lustrés)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{serpentinite,quartzite,carbonates, consolidated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Mesozoic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3191266
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Rochata, C. (1878): Die alten Bergbaue auf Edelmetalle in Oberkärnten. - Jb.d.K.k. Geol. R.A., 28. , Wien, p.213-368.
- H. Meixner: Carinthia II, special ed. no. 21 (1957)
- H. Breitfuss, P. Brandmaier: Der Karinthin 96:461-464 (1987)
- A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
- P. Brandmaier: Mitt. Öster. Miner. Ges. 137:243-244 (1992)
- G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens (1995)
- Die Kärntner Landsmannschaft 3 (1999) 4-8.
- W. Günther, W. Paar, F. Gruber, V. Höck: Schatzkammer Hohe Tauern - 2000 Jahre Goldbergbau, Anton Pustet (Salzburg, Munich), 2000
- A.Pichler (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten - Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, 63. Sonderheft, 1-416.
- Strasser, A. (2018): Kurzbericht vom Brennkogel und vom Kloben an der Kärntnerisch-Salzburgischen Grenze. In: Der Steirische Mineralog, Vol.33, p.46-47.


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