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KELAG water tunnel, Großkirchheim, Spittal an der Drau District, Carinthia, Austriai
Regional Level Types
KELAG water tunnelTunnel
GroßkirchheimMunicipality
Spittal an der Drau DistrictDistrict
CarinthiaState
AustriaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 2' 22'' North , 12° 57' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Apriach121 (2018)6.3km
Mitten148 (2018)7.2km
Rojach136 (2018)7.4km
Heiligenblut1,069 (2013)8.8km
Sagritz171 (2018)9.0km
Name(s) in local language(s):
KELAG-Wasserstollen, Kleines Fleißtal, Goldberggruppe, Hohe Tauern, Kärnten, Österreich


A 7km long water tunnel joining the Zirmsee, Brettsee and Großsee reservoirs, running through the Kleine Fleiß and Große Zirknitz valleys. Numerous mineralized Alpine clefts were cut during its construction. At m 4430 and m 4600 Meixner describes similiar paragenesis like in the Pazisel ore veins. Constructed and owned by the KELAG company.

Note. Coordinates arbitrarily added at the approximate center of the tunnel.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Meixner 1981
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Meixner 1981
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Meixner 1981
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Meixner 1981
'K Feldspar'
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Meixner 1981
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Meixner 1981
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Meixner 1981
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Meixner 1981
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Meixner 1981

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Rock Crystal
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
SbAntimony
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- H. Meixner (1981): handwritten notes from him about that tunnel, described in: A.Pichler (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten - Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, 63. Sonderheft, p. 66.
- G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

Austria
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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