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Waschgang Mine, Kluidscharte, Kleine Zirknitz valley, Zirknitz, Goldberg group, Hohe Tauern, Carinthia, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 59' 7'' North , 12° 57' 47'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.98528,12.96306
GeoHash:G#: u235qcrmj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Waschgang, Kluidscharte, Kleines Zirknitztal, Zirknitz, Goldberggruppe, Hohe Tauern, Kärnten, Österreich


Important historic gold mining area, located just north of the Kluidscharte at an alt. between 2460-2490 m.

Rochata (1878) names the following adits: "Rosina-, Mathias-, Zubau-, Schieferstollen".
Pichler (2009) mentions the Tabakpfeiffen shaft as very rich in gold.

Waschgang is a stratiform, dominantly pyritic deposit, hosted by greenschists ("Alpine Kieslager") and was studied by Paar & Chen (1982). The ores occur as impregnations (type 1) and as massive ores (type 2) in prasinitic rocks. Ore of type 1 is rather monotonous (major pyrite, minor chalcopyrite, bornite, sphalerite, and magnetite; no visible gold). Ore of type 2 is dominanted by chalcopyrite and contains large amounts of visible gold.

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,211 mineral species & varietal names listed

Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Austria

National Park - 211 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


38 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Pichler (2009); Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Pichler (2009); Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Cupropavonite
Formula: Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Pichler (2009)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, Sonderheft 63, 1-416.
Gladite
Formula: PbCuBi5S9
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Pichler (2009); Paar, W. H., & Chen, T. T. (1982). Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 30(3), 157-175.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Pichler (2009)
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pichler (2009)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
'Benjaminite'2.JA.05eAg3Bi7S12
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Cupropavonite'2.JA.05aCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gladite'2.HB.05aPbCuBi5S9
'Hessite'2.BA.60Ag2Te
'Idaite'2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
'Krupkaite'2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
'Matildite'2.JA.20AgBiS2
'Mawsonite'2.CB.20Cu6Fe2SnS8
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
Pavonite2.JA.05aAgBi3S5
Pekoite2.HB.05aPbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
Mawsonite2.9.3.1Cu6Fe2SnS8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Gladite3.4.5.3PbCuBi5S9
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
Pekoite3.4.5.6PbCuBi11(S,Se)18
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Benjaminite3.8.10.3Ag3Bi7S12
Cupropavonite3.8.10.6Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Pavonite3.8.10.1AgBi3S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
S GalenaPbS
S GladitePbCuBi5S9
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
S MilleriteNiS
S PavoniteAgBi3S5
S PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
S PyriteFeS2
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Cu GladitePbCuBi5S9
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
Cu PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SeSelenium
Se PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
AgSilver
Ag BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
Ag CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag PavoniteAgBi3S5
Ag SilverAg
SnTin
Sn MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GladitePbCuBi5S9
Pb KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Pb PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Bi GladitePbCuBi5S9
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi PavoniteAgBi3S5
Bi PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3130861
Bündner Schiefer (Schistes Lustrés)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{serpentinite,quartzite,carbonates, consolidated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187961
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Rochata, C. (1878): Die alten Bergbaue auf Edelmetalle in Oberkärnten. Jb. d. k.k. Geol. R.-A., 28, 213-368.
- Paar, W. & T. Chen (1981): Zur Erzmineralogie der Goldlagerstätte Waschgang, Oberkärnten, Österreich. Der Karinthin, 84, 263-265.
- Paar, W. H. & Chen, T. T. (1982): Ore mineralogy of the Waschgang gold-copper deposit, Upper Carinthia, Austria. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 30, 157-175.
- G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
- Guenther, W. Paar, W.H. Gruber, F. (2006) Das Buch vom Tauerngold.
- Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, Sonderheft 63, 1-416.
- Bäck, R. & Dojen, C. (2016): Die historischen Bergbaue "Waschgang" (Döllach/Mölltal) und „Vellacher Kotschna“ (Bad Vellach/Kotschnatal) im Spiegel historischer Bergbaukarten. Carinthia II, 260./126., 359-378.

External Links



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