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Tamil Nadu, Indiai
Regional Level Types
Tamil NaduState
IndiaCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Chennai4,328,063 (2014)
Tirunelveli1,435,844 (2017)
Teni1,034,724 (2017)
Coimbatore959,823 (2015)
Madurai909,908 (2017)
Salem778,396 (2017)
Other Languages:
French:
Tamil Nadu, Inde
German:
Tamil Nadu, Indien
Hindi:
तमिलनाडु, भारत
Italian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Russian:
Тамилнад, Индия
Simplified Chinese:
泰米尔纳德邦, 印度
Spanish:
Tamil Nadu, India
Tamil:
தமிழ்நாடு, இந்தியா
Achinese:
Tamil Nadu, India
Afrikaans:
Tamil Nadu, Indië
Albanian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Amharic:
ታሚል ናዱ, ህንድ
Arabic:
تاميل نادو, الهند
Armenian:
Թամիլ Նադու, Հնդկաստան
Assamese:
তামিলনাডু, ভাৰত
Asturian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Azeri:
Tamilnad, Hindistan
Basque:
Tamil Nadu, India
Belarusian:
Тамілнад, Індыя
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Тамілнад, Індыя
Bengali:
তামিলনাড়ু, ভারত
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
তমিল নাড়ু, ভারত
Breton:
Tamil Nadu, India
Bulgarian:
Тамил Наду, Индия
Burmese:
မဒရပ်ပြည်နယ်, အိန္ဒိယနိုင်ငံ
Catalan:
Tamil Nadu, Índia
Cebuano:
State of Tamil Nādu, Indya
Chechen:
Тамилнад, Инди
Croatian:
Tamil Nadu, Indija
Czech:
Tamilnádu, Indie
Danish:
Tamil Nadu, Indien
Doteli:
तमिलनाडु, भारत
Dutch:
Tamil Nadu, Indië
Egyptian Arabic:
تاميل نادو, الهند
Esperanto:
Tamilujo, Barato
Estonian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Farsi/Persian:
تامیل نادو, هندوستان
Fiji Hindi:
Tamil Nadu, India
Finnish:
Tamil Nadu, Intia
Galician:
Tamil Nadu, India
Gan:
泰米爾納都邦, 印度
Georgian:
ტამილნადუ, ინდოეთი
Greek:
Ταμίλ Ναντού, Ινδία
Gujarati:
તમિલનાડુ, ભારત
Hakka:
Tamil Nadu, Yin-thu
Hebrew:
טאמיל נאדו, הודו
Hungarian:
Tamilnádu, India
Icelandic:
Tamil Nadu, Indland
Indonesian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Inupiaq:
Tamilnadu
Irish Gaelic:
Tamil Nadu, An India
Japanese:
タミル・ナードゥ, インド
Kannada:
ತಮಿಳುನಾಡು, ಭಾರತ
Kapampangan:
Tamil Nadu, India
Kashmiri:
تامل ناڈو, بًارت
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Тамилнад, Үндістан
Konkani:
Tamillnaddu, भारत
Korean:
타밀나두주, 인도
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Tamil Nadu, Hindistan
Latin:
Tamil Nadu, India
Latvian:
Tamilnāda, Indija
Lithuanian:
Tamilnadas, Indija
Luri:
تامیل نادو, هئن
Macedonian:
Тамил Наду, Индија
Maithili:
तमिलनाडु, भारत
Malagasy:
Tamil Nadu, India
Malay:
Tamil Nadu, India
Malayalam:
തമിഴ്‌നാട്, ഇന്ത്യ
Marathi:
तमिळनाडू, भारत
Mingrelian:
ტამილნადუ, ინდოეთი
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Tamil Nadu, Ìn-tō͘
Mongolian:
Тамилнаду, Энэтхэг
Nepali:
तमिलनाडु, भारत
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
तमिलनाडु, भारत
Northern Frisian:
Tamil Nadu, Indien
Norwegian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Tamil Nadu, India
Occitan:
Tamil Nadu, Índia
Odia:
ତାମିଲନାଡୁ, ଭାରତ
Ossetian:
Тамилнад, Инди
Pashto:
تامل ناډو, هند
Polish:
Tamilnadu, Indie
Portuguese:
Tamil Nadu, Índia
Punjabi:
ਤਮਿਲ਼ਨਾਡੂ, ਭਾਰਤ
Quechua:
Tamil Nadu, Indya
Romanian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Sanskrit:
तमिळनाडुराज्यम्, भारतम्
Scots:
Tamil Nadu, Indie
Serbian:
Тамил Наду, Индија
Serbo-Croatian:
Tamil Nadu, Indija
Sinhalese:
තමිල්නාඩු, භාරත ජනරජය
Slovak:
Tamilnádu, India
South Azerbaijani:
تامیل نادو, هیندوستان
Swahili:
Tamil Nadu, Uhindi
Swedish:
Tamil Nadu, Indien
Tagalog:
Tamil Nadu, Indiya
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Тамилноду, Ҳиндустон
Telugu:
తమిళనాడు, భారత దేశం
Thai:
รัฐทมิฬนาฑู, อินเดีย
Tibetan (Standard):
ཏཱ་མིལ་ན་ཌུ།, རྒྱ་གར།
Traditional Chinese:
淡米爾納德邦, 印度
Turkish:
Tamil Nadu, Hindistan
Ukrainian:
Тамілнад, Індія
Urdu:
تمل ناڈو, بھارت
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Tamilnad, Hindiston
Venetian:
Tamil Nadu, India
Vietnamese:
Tamil Nadu, Ấn Độ
Waray:
Tamil Nadu, Indya
Welsh:
Tamil Nadu, India
Western Punjabi:
تامل ناڈو, ھندستان
Wu Chinese:
泰米尔纳德邦, 印度
Yiddish:
טאמיל נאדו, אינדיע
Yoruba:
Tamil Nadu, Índíà
Zazaki:
Tamil Nadu, Hindıstan


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

114 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Petrology of the Proterozoic alkaline carbonatite complex of Samalpatti, district Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 51, 233-244. Subramaniam, V., Viladkar, S. G., & Upendran, R. (1978). Carbonatite Alkali Complex of Samalpatti Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(5), 206-216. Semenov, E. I., Gopal, V., & SUBRAMANIAN, V. (1971). A note on the occurrence of benstonite, a carbonate of calcium and barium from the carbonatite complex at Jogipatti, near Samalpatti, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Current Science, 254-256.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: An98 to An100 - purest end member found in nature?
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Anantharamu, T. R., RAO, K., MANJUNATHA, AHMED, S., PRASAD, T., REDDY, T., ... & SUGAVANAM, E. (1995). CARBONATITE AROUND AJJIPURAM, KOLLEGAL TALUK, KARNATAKA. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 46(6), 663-668.
Augelite ?
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Brearley, A. J. (1988) Nature and Origin of Matrix in the Unique Chondrite, Kakangari: A TEM Investigation, Lunar and Planetary Science XIX, 130-131. (March 1988)
Augite var. Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Petrology of the Proterozoic alkaline carbonatite complex of Samalpatti, district Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 51, 233-244. Subramaniam, V., Viladkar, S. G., & Upendran, R. (1978). Carbonatite Alkali Complex of Samalpatti Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(5), 206-216. Semenov, E. I., Gopal, V., & SUBRAMANIAN, V. (1971). A note on the occurrence of benstonite, a carbonate of calcium and barium from the carbonatite complex at Jogipatti, near Samalpatti, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Current Science, 254-256.
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: various added photos
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: various added photos
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.; Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
Caminite ?
Formula: Mg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Description: Occurs in phosphatic nodules.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 199.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Rao, C. S., Das, G. N., Setty, B. K., & Perumal, N. V. A. S. (1978). Radioactive Carbonatites of Pakkanadu and Mulakkadu, Salem District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(2), 53-63.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.222
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.
Charoite ?
Formula: (K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Petrology of the Proterozoic alkaline carbonatite complex of Samalpatti, district Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 51, 233-244. Subramaniam, V., Viladkar, S. G., & Upendran, R. (1978). Carbonatite Alkali Complex of Samalpatti Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(5), 206-216. Semenov, E. I., Gopal, V., & SUBRAMANIAN, V. (1971). A note on the occurrence of benstonite, a carbonate of calcium and barium from the carbonatite complex at Jogipatti, near Samalpatti, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Current Science, 254-256.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Prasad, P.S.R. (2004) A near-infrared spectroscopic study of hydroxyl in natural chondrodite. American Mineralogist, 89:7, 1056-1060.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390; GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Balasubrahmanyan, M. N., 1965, Note on Kornerupine from Ellammankovilpatti, Madras, India, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 34, p. 662-664.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Brearley, A. J. (1988) Nature and Origin of Matrix in the Unique Chondrite, Kakangari: A TEM Investigation, Lunar and Planetary Science XIX, 130-131. (March 1988); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Mason, B. H. & Wiik, H. B. (1966) The Composition of the Bath, Frankfort, Kakangari, Rose City, and Tadjera Meteorites. American Museum Novitates #2272: 24 pages. (Dec 1966).; Nehru, C. E., Weisberg, M. K., & Prinz, M. (1986) Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite: Meteoritics 21 (4): 468. (Dec 1986)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Cordierite var. Iolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: http://www.d4uweb.com/magazine/bk_gems/issue0906.html
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
Corundum var. Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Corundum var. Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bridges, J.C., Franchi, I.A., Hutchison, R., Morse, A.D., Long, J.V.P. & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Cristobalite- and tridymite-bearing clasts in Parnallee (LL3) and Farmington (L5): MAPS 30(6): 715-727. (Nov 1995).
Daqingshanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Dessauite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Russell, S.S., Arden, W.A. & Pillinger, C.T. (1996) A carbon and nitrogen isotope study of diamond from primitive chondrites:Meteoritics & Planetary Science 38 (3):251–258. (May 1996)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Diopside var. Salite
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Dumontite ?
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Description: Enstatite is frequently found as an orthoenstatite-clinoenstatite intergrowth
Reference: Hutchison, R. & Graham, A. L. (1974) Kakangari - unique member of a distinct chemical class of chondrites? Meteoritics 9 (4): 352. (Dec 1974); Brearley, A. J. (1988) Nature and Origin of Matrix in the Unique Chondrite, Kakangari: A TEM Investigation, Lunar and Planetary Science XIX, 130-131. (March 1988); Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, JJ - Ed.), Chapter 3: 1-398: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, USA.; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390
Falkmanite ?
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: Olivine inType IA & IIA chondrules. Very little zoning in many olivine crystals.
Reference: Meteoriticalsociety.org; Jones, R. H. (1996) FeO-rich, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 (16): 3115-3117, 3120-3138. (Aug 1996); Bridges, J.C., Franchi, I.A., Sexton, A.S. & Pillinger, C.T. (1999) Mineralogical controls on the oxygen isotopic compositions of UOCs: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 63(6): 945-951. (July 1999).; Rubin, A. E. (1990) Kamacite and Olivine in Ordinary Chondrites: Intergroup and intragroup relationships. Geochim. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta 54, 1217-1232.; Grady, M.M., Pratesi. G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
'Feldspar Group var. Mesoperthite'
Reference: Yuki Nishimiya, Toshiaki Tsunogae (2018) FIB-TEM analysis of ultrahigh-temperature sapphirine + quartz granulite from southern India:
'Feldspar Group var. Perthite'
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Journ. Atomic Min. Sci. 2:79-88 (1994)
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Description: Replacing kamacite; May very well be due to terrestrial weathering; However, Kakangari is a fall and many unequilibrated clasts are products of pre-terrestrial hydration.
Reference: Berlin, J., Jones, R. H. & Brearley, A. J. (2007) A Closer Look at Chondrules and Matrix in Kakangari: Evidence for Wide-Spread Reduction and Sulfurization, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII. LPI Contribution #1338, p. 2395. (March 2007)
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Reference: Anantharamu, T. R., RAO, K., MANJUNATHA, AHMED, S., PRASAD, T., REDDY, T., ... & SUGAVANAM, E. (1995). CARBONATITE AROUND AJJIPURAM, KOLLEGAL TALUK, KARNATAKA. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 46(6), 663-668.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Howie, Robert Andrew, 1955, The Geochemistry of the Charnockite Series of Madras, India, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, v 62, p 725.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
'Gadolinite'
Reference: Journ. Atomic Min. Sci. 2:79-88 (1994)
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: T. N. Muthuswami (1950) Sapphirine (Madura) — Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section A, 30, 6, 295-301.
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Glagolevite ?
Formula: Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
'Glass'
Description: wide range of feldspathic glass (An0 - An78) noted by Nehru et al. (1983)
Reference: Nehru, C. E., Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., & Delaney, J. S. (1983) The Kakangari Chondrite and Its Relationship to Carbonaceous Chondrite: Meteoritics 18 (4): 361-362. (Dec 1983) ; Berlin, J., Jones, R. H. & Brearley, A. J. (2007) A Closer Look at Chondrules and Matrix in Kakangari: Evidence for Wide-Spread Reduction and Sulfurization, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII. LPI Contribution #1338, p. 2395. (March 2007)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: N. Subba Reddy, and A. N. Sashidhar (1989) Mineralogy and chemistry of banded iron formations (BIF) of Tiruvannamaiai area, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 98, 167-172.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.222
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
Graphite var. Uraniferous Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Journ. Atomic Min. Sci. 2:79-88 (1994)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: N. Subba Reddy, and A. N. Sashidhar (1989) Mineralogy and chemistry of banded iron formations (BIF) of Tiruvannamaiai area, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 98, 167-172.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in phosphatic nodules.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 199.
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Reference: Ramanathan, S. & Navaneethakrishnan, C. (1982). Theralites around Pikkili, Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu. Journal of the Geological Survey of India, 23, 199-200.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: N. Subba Reddy, and A. N. Sashidhar (1989) Mineralogy and chemistry of banded iron formations (BIF) of Tiruvannamaiai area, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 98, 167-172.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: N. Subba Reddy, et al (1982) Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Earth and Planetary Sciences, 91, 55-63.
Hematite var. Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: N. Subba Reddy, and A. N. Sashidhar (1989) Mineralogy and chemistry of banded iron formations (BIF) of Tiruvannamaiai area, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 98, 167-172.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Grew, E. S., Abraham, K., and Medenbach, O., 1987, Ti-poor hoegbomite in kornerupine-cordierite-sillimanite rocks from Ellammankovilpatti, Tamil Nadu, India, CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, v. 95, (1), 21-31.
Hibonite
Formula: CaAl12O19
Reference: Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Nehru, C. E., MacPherson, G. J., Clayton, R. N. & Mayeda, T. K. (1989) Petrologic and Stable Isotope Study of the Kakangari (K-Group) Chondrite: Chondrules, Matrix, CAI's, Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XX, page 870. (March 1989) ; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages.
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Reference: Grew, E. S., Abraham, K., and Medenbach, O., 1987, Ti-poor hoegbomite in kornerupine-cordierite-sillimanite rocks from Ellammankovilpatti, Tamil Nadu, India, CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY, v. 95, (1), 21-31.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: P. Parthasarathy, H. B. Desai, and S. R. Kayasth, 1968, Radiochemical neutron activation analysis of individual rare earth elements in monazites from different geological environments, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, v105, p 277-289.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Mason, B. H. & Wiik, H. B. (1966) The Composition of the Bath, Frankfort, Kakangari, Rose City, and Tadjera Meteorites. American Museum Novitates #2272: 24 pages. (Dec 1966).; Nehru, C. E., Weisberg, M. K., & Prinz, M. (1986) Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite: Meteoritics 21 (4): 468. (Dec 1986)
Iron var. Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Mason, B. H. & Wiik, H. B. (1966) The Composition of the Bath, Frankfort, Kakangari, Rose City, and Tadjera Meteorites. American Museum Novitates #2272: 24 pages. (Dec 1966).; Nehru, C. E., Weisberg, M. K., & Prinz, M. (1986) Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite: Meteoritics 21 (4): 468. (Dec 1986)
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Reference: Balasubrahmanyan, M.N. (1965) Note on kornerupine from Ellamkovilpatti. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 35, p. 662.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Current Science 75 (8): 763 (1998)
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Naidu, P. R. J. (1963). Crystallization of leucite–nepheline–sanidine in basic differentiates from a peridotite–dunite mass in Salem, Madras State, India. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper, 1, 251-257. Friend, C. R. L., & Janardhan, A. S. (1984). Mineral chemistry of coexisting phases from shonkinitic rocks, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 48(347), 181-193.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: N. Subba Reddy, and A. N. Sashidhar (1989) Mineralogy and chemistry of banded iron formations (BIF) of Tiruvannamaiai area, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 98, 167-172.
Magnetite var. Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Ramanathan, S. & Navaneethakrishnan, C. (1982). Theralites around Pikkili, Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu. Journal of the Geological Survey of India, 23, 199-200.
Mangazeite ?
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Ramasamy, R. (1996). Carbonatite dykes from Kudangulam area, near Cape Comorin, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 48(2), 221-226.
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Lauretta, D. S. & Killgore, M. (2005). A Color Atlas of Meteorites in Thin Sections. Southwest Meteorite Press: Payson, Arizona. 301 pages.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.; Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Petrology of the Proterozoic alkaline carbonatite complex of Samalpatti, district Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 51, 233-244. Subramaniam, V., Viladkar, S. G., & Upendran, R. (1978). Carbonatite Alkali Complex of Samalpatti Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(5), 206-216. Semenov, E. I., Gopal, V., & SUBRAMANIAN, V. (1971). A note on the occurrence of benstonite, a carbonate of calcium and barium from the carbonatite complex at Jogipatti, near Samalpatti, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Current Science, 254-256.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Petrology of the Proterozoic alkaline carbonatite complex of Samalpatti, district Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 51, 233-244. Subramaniam, V., Viladkar, S. G., & Upendran, R. (1978). Carbonatite Alkali Complex of Samalpatti Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(5), 206-216. Semenov, E. I., Gopal, V., & SUBRAMANIAN, V. (1971). A note on the occurrence of benstonite, a carbonate of calcium and barium from the carbonatite complex at Jogipatti, near Samalpatti, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Current Science, 254-256.
'Monazite'
Reference: Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: P. Parthasarathy, H. B. Desai, and S. R. Kayasth, 1968, Radiochemical neutron activation analysis of individual rare earth elements in monazites from different geological environments, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, v105, p 277-289.
'Moonstone'
Colour: brown to red-brown, lead grey to black, yellow, rose red
Reference: Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Bridges, J. C., Hutchison, R., Franchi, I. A., Alexander, C. M., & Pillinger, C. T. (1995). A feldspar-nepheline achondrite clast in Parnalle. Antarctic Meteorite Research, 8, 195.; Krot, A.N. & 5 others (2006) Timescales and Settings for Chondritic Meteorites: IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System II. Lauretta, D. S. & McSween Jr., H.Y., Editors: pp. 525-553. University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.; Bischoff, A. & 3 others. (2006) Nature and Origins of Meteoritic breccias: IN: Meteorites and the Early Solar System II. Lauretta, D. S. & McSween Jr., H.Y., Editors: pp. 679-712. University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: N. Subba Reddy, and A. N. Sashidhar (1989) Mineralogy and chemistry of banded iron formations (BIF) of Tiruvannamaiai area, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 98, 167-172.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Nehru, C. E., MacPherson, G. J., Clayton, R. N. & Mayeda, T. K. (1989) Petrologic and Stable Isotope Study of the Kakangari (K-Group) Chondrite: Chondrules, Matrix, CAI's, Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XX, page 870. (March 1989)
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.222
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: Pigeonite w. exsolution lamellae.
Reference: Jones, R. H. (1996) FeO-rich, porphyritic pyroxene chondrules in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60 (16): 3115-3117, 3120-3138. (Aug 1996)
'Plessite'
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
'Pseudoleucite'
Reference: Naidu, P. R. J. (1963). Crystallization of leucite–nepheline–sanidine in basic differentiates from a peridotite–dunite mass in Salem, Madras State, India. Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper, 1, 251-257. Friend, C. R. L., & Janardhan, A. S. (1984). Mineral chemistry of coexisting phases from shonkinitic rocks, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 48(347), 181-193.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, MARCH I970, VOL. 37;555-560
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Description: The Pyroxene group is quite diverse. While Enstatite is most prominent. However, minerals are found in both orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene crystal classes, with Ca-poor and Ca-rich chemical variations plus occasional mildly Ferrosilic compositions.
Reference: Nehru, C. E., Weisberg, M. K., & Prinz, M. (1986) Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite: Meteoritics 21 (4): 468. (Dec 1986)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Quartz var. Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Thomas P. Moore The Mineralogical Record - Archived What's New Articles: posted on 3/3/2006
Quartz var. Aventurine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Richard M. Pearl: "Minerals of India", Mineral Digest, vol. 2.
Quartz var. Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: JR Montgomery Collection
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: GSA Bulletin; March 1956; v. 67; no. 3; p. 317-390; Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: Butler, J.R. (1958): Rare earths in some niobate-tantalates. Mineralogical Magazine. 31, 763-780 [p.766]
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645; T. N. Muthuswami (1950) Sapphirine (Madura) — Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section A, 30, 6, 295-301.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Martin, R. and Rakovan, J. (2013) The Geology of Apatite Occurrences: in Rakovan, J., Staebler, G. and Dallaire, D. Editors (2013) Apatite - The Great Pretender. Mineral monographs V. 17. Lithographie, LLC. Denver. Pg. 28-37.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Sedovite ?
Formula: U(MoO4)2
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Kumar, A., Gopalan, K., Rao, K.R.P. & Nayak, S.S. (2001). Rb-Sr ages of kimberlites and lamproites from Eastern Dharwar craton, South India. J. Geol. Soc. India, 58, 135-142.
'Silica'
Reference: Nehru, C. E., Weisberg, M. K., & Prinz, M. (1986) Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite: Meteoritics 21 (4): 468. (Dec 1986); Berlin, J., Jones, R. H. & Brearley, A. J. (2007) A Closer Look at Chondrules and Matrix in Kakangari: Evidence for Wide-Spread Reduction and Sulfurization, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII. LPI Contribution #1338, p. 2395. (March 2007)
Sillimanite (TL)
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Jacques Louis Comte de Bournon (1802) Philosophical Transactions, p. 289 and 335.
Sillimanite var. Fibrolite (FRL)
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Type Locality:
Reference: Jacques Louis Comte de Bournon (1802) Philosophical Transactions, p. 289 and 335.
Sodalite
Formula: Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Reference: Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Nehru, C. E., MacPherson, G. J., Clayton, R. N. & Mayeda, T. K. (1989) Petrologic and Stable Isotope Study of the Kakangari (K-Group) Chondrite: Chondrules, Matrix, CAI's, Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XX, page 870. (March 1989)
'Sodic amphibole'
Reference: Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 63:743-755.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Description: Occurs in phosphatic nodules.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 199.
Struvite ?
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
'Sunstone'
Reference: Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Description: In Chondrules
Reference: Hutchison, R. & Graham, A. L. (1974) Kakangari - unique member of a distinct chemical class of chondrites? Meteoritics 9 (4): 352. (Dec 1974)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Petrology of the Proterozoic alkaline carbonatite complex of Samalpatti, district Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 51, 233-244. Subramaniam, V., Viladkar, S. G., & Upendran, R. (1978). Carbonatite Alkali Complex of Samalpatti Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(5), 206-216. Semenov, E. I., Gopal, V., & SUBRAMANIAN, V. (1971). A note on the occurrence of benstonite, a carbonate of calcium and barium from the carbonatite complex at Jogipatti, near Samalpatti, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Current Science, 254-256.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, MARCH I970, VOL. 37;555-560
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bridges, J.C., Franchi, I.A., Hutchison, R., Morse, A.D., Long, J.V.P. & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Cristobalite- and tridymite-bearing clasts in Parnallee (LL3) and Farmington (L5): MAPS 30(6): 715-727. (Nov 1995).
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Mason, B. H. & Wiik, H. B. (1966) The Composition of the Bath, Frankfort, Kakangari, Rose City, and Tadjera Meteorites. American Museum Novitates #2272: 24 pages. (Dec 1966).; Hutchison, R. & Graham, A. L. (1974) Kakangari - unique member of a distinct chemical class of chondrites? Meteoritics 9 (4): 352. (Dec 1974); Nehru, C. E., Weisberg, M. K., & Prinz, M. (1986) Chondrules in the Kakangari Chondrite: Meteoritics 21 (4): 468. (Dec 1986)
Tungusite ?
Formula: Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Reference: Deepthi, K., Natesan, U., Muthulakshmi, A. L., Ferrer, V. A., Venugopalan, V. P., & Narasimhan, S. V. (2015). Mineralogical characterization in the marine environment of Kalpakkam, Southeast coast of India. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 33(6), 496-503.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Reference: Kurat, G., Varela, M. E., & Zinner, E. (2005). Silicate inclusions in the Kodaikanal IIE iron meteorite.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Satish-Kumar, M., Wada, H., Santosh, M., Yoshida, M. (2001) Fluid‐rock history of granulite facies humite‐marbles from Ambasamudram, southern India. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 19:4, 395.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: P. Parthasarathy, H. B. Desai, and S. R. Kayasth, 1968, Radiochemical neutron activation analysis of individual rare earth elements in monazites from different geological environments, Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, v105, p 277-289.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Graphite1.CB.05aC
var. Uraniferous Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var. Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Falkmanite ?2.HC.15Pb3Sb2S6
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var. Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var. Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Dessauite-(Y) ?4.CC.40(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var. Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hibonite4.CC.45CaAl12O19
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var. Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var. Aventurine4.DA.05SiO2
var. Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Daqingshanite-(Ce)5.BF.15(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Caminite ?7.BB.05Mg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mangazeite ?7.DE.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
Sedovite ?7.HA.05U(MoO4)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Augelite ?8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Dumontite ?8.EC.15Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Struvite ?8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var. Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Charoite ?9.DG.92(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
var. Iolite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var. Salite9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10☐Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Glagolevite ?9.EC.55Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite9.DE.15NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite (TL)9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
var. Fibrolite (TL)9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tungusite ?9.EE.30Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Mesoperthite'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
'K Feldspar'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Pseudoleucite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
'Sodic amphibole'-
'Sunstone'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Iron
var. Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Falkmanite ?3.5.2.2Pb3Sb2S6
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1CaAl12O19
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite14.2.3.1Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Daqingshanite-(Ce)17.1.10.1(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Caminite ?31.10.9.1Mg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite ?40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Augelite ?41.6.8.1Al2(PO4)(OH)3
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Dumontite ?42.4.5.1Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Miscellaneous
Sedovite ?48.4.1.1U(MoO4)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite (TL)52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Katophorite66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Charoite ?70.1.2.3(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Tungusite ?78.5.9.1Ca4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite
var. Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var. Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Cordierite
var. Iolite
-(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
var. Ruby
-Al2O3
var. Sapphire-Al2O3
Dessauite-(Y) ?-(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Diopside
var. Salite
-CaMgSi2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var. Mesoperthite'-
'var. Perthite'-
'Fergusonite'-
Ferro-actinolite-☐Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Glagolevite ?-Na(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
'Glass'-
Graphite
var. Uraniferous Graphite
-C
Grunerite-☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Hastingsite-NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Hematite
var. Martite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
Lechatelierite-SiO2
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
var. Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mangazeite ?-Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Moonstone'-
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Plessite'-
'Pseudoleucite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var. Amethyst
-SiO2
var. Aventurine-SiO2
var. Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Silica'-
Sillimanite
var. Fibrolite (FRL)
-Al2(SiO4)O
'Sodic amphibole'-
'Sunstone'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Ferro-actinolite☐Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
H AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
H CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
H Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
H DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
H GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
H MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Graphite var. Uraniferous GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
C Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C DiamondC
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
NNitrogen
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
OOxygen
O Sillimanite var. FibroliteAl2(SiO4)O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O RutileTiO2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O Quartz var. AventurineSiO2
O Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Hematite var. MartiteFe2O3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Corundum var. RubyAl2O3
O Corundum var. SapphireAl2O3
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
O HiboniteCaAl12O19
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O CristobaliteSiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O LechatelieriteSiO2
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
O Quartz var. Sceptre QuartzSiO2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
O Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O SideriteFeCO3
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Ferro-actinolite☐Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
O CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
O Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
O Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
O DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
O GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
O MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
O SedoviteU(MoO4)2
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
FFluorine
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
NaSodium
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Na GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
Mg GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Mg Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al Sillimanite var. FibroliteAl2(SiO4)O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Al KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Corundum var. RubyAl2O3
Al Corundum var. SapphireAl2O3
Al HiboniteCaAl12O19
Al SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
Al GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Al MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
SiSilicon
Si Sillimanite var. FibroliteAl2(SiO4)O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si Quartz var. AventurineSiO2
Si Quartz var. AmethystSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3
Si SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Si Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si LechatelieriteSiO2
Si Quartz var. Sceptre QuartzSiO2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Ferro-actinolite☐Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Si GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
Si TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
P AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
P DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
P Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S CelestineSrSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S BaryteBaSO4
S TroiliteFeS
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2O
S FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6
S MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ca Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca HiboniteCaAl12O19
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Ferro-actinolite☐Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Ca TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Hematite var. MartiteFe2O3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Iron var. Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Augite var. Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe IronFe
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe Cordierite var. Iolite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Fe Magnetite var. Titaniferous MagnetiteFe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Ferro-actinolite☐Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Fe Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Fe TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni Iron var. Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Taenite(Fe,Ni)
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Sr Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Sr Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
Sr Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Y Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo SedoviteU(MoO4)2
SbAntimony
Sb FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6
BaBarium
Ba BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ba Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
CeCerium
Ce Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
PbLead
Pb Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
Pb DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Pb FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
UUranium
U Dessauite-(Y)(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe3+)20O38
U DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
U SedoviteU(MoO4)2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neochaotian to Cambrian : ~4600 Ma to 541 ± 1.0 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded on mindat.org for this locality and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
ⓘ GneissPrecambrian
(541 - 4600 Ma)
Samalpatti carbonatite complex, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ AmphibolitePrecambrian
(541 - 4600 Ma)
Pikkili, Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Charnockitic granitePrecambrian
(541 - 4600 Ma)
Kudangulam dikes, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Granitic gneissPrecambrian
(541 - 4600 Ma)
Kudangulam dikes, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Phlogopite (youngest age)599 ± 16 MaPakkanadu, Sankari Taluka, Salem District, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Syenite (youngest age)623 ± 21 MaSivamalai intrusion, Tiruppur District, Tamil Nadu, India
    
    
   Tonian
ⓘ Syenite (oldest age)767 ± 8 MaSevattur carbonatite complex, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Carbonatite (youngest age)771 ± 18 MaSevattur carbonatite complex, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Pyroxenite773 ± 18 MaSevattur carbonatite complex, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Phlogopite (oldest age)828 ± 20 MaSamalpatti carbonatite complex, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India
    
   
  Paleoproterozoic
   Siderian
ⓘ Nepheline-syenite (youngest age)2340 ± 130 MaPikkili, Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Nepheline-syenite (oldest age)2376 ± 36 MaPikkili, Dharmapuri district, Tamil Nadu, India
ⓘ Carbonatite (oldest age)2436 ± 154 MaHogenakal, Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India
    

Fossils

There are 44 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences398
Youngest Fossil Listed0.01 Ma (Pleistocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed129 Ma (Early Cretaceous)
Stratigraphic UnitsClick here to view 18 stratigraphic units.