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Apex Mine (Dixie Mine; Utah-Eastern Mine; Dixie-Apex; Pen), Jarvis Peak, Tutsagubet District, Beaver Dam Mts, Washington Co., Utah, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 4' 10'' North , 113° 48' 13'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.06944,-113.80361
GeoHash:G#: 9qx4fk69p
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


Ore mined primarily for it's gallium and germanium content.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Apex Mine, St. George, Utah, USA

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 543.; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
'Wad'
Reference: Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Rosasite'5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Plumbojarosite'7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Adamite'8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
'Conichalcite'8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Goyazite'8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Svanbergite'8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic - Late Triassic
174.1 - 237 Ma



ID: 3185972
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mesozoic (174.1 - 237 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone-conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Virgilian - Morrowan
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2184171
Callville Limestone

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Callville Limestone

Description: Medium-gray, fine- to medium- grained, medium- to thick-bedded limestone with cyclic interbeds of moderate-orange-pink calcareous siltstone, sandstone, and light-gray dolomite increasing in the upper third; commonly cherty and fossiliferous; Chaetetes coral is common in the upper part, whereas brachiopods and bryozoans are common in limestone beds throughout (Hintze, 1986); forms ledge-slope topography in the Beaver Dam Mountains and at Square Top Mountain, similar to the overlying Pakoon Dolomite; stratigraphically equivalent to the lower part of the Bird Spring Formation of southeast Nevada (Hintze and Axen, 1995); upper contact is placed at the base of the lighter- colored, non-fossiliferous dolomite beds of the Pakoon Dolomite; represents shallow-marine deposits (Welsh and Bissell, 1979); age from Welsh and Bissell (1979); about 1500 to 2000 feet (460–600 m) thick in the Beaver Dam and southern Bull Valley Mountains (Hammond, 1991; Hintze and Hammond, 1994; Hintze and others, 1994).

Comments: shallow marine

Lithology: Limestone, dolomite, siltstone, sandstone

Reference: Biek, R.F, P.D. Rowley, D.B. Hacker, J.M. Hayden et al. Geologic map of the St. George and East Part of the Clover Mountains Quadrangles, Wasington, and Iron Cos, UT. Utah Geological Survey Map 242DM. [32]

Pennsylvanian
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2743044
Callville Limestone

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Callville Limestone

Lithology: Major:{limestone,dolostone,sandstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124pp.: 543.
MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.
Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
UGMS Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah, Bulletin 117.


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