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Kelly Bank mine, Lyndhurst-Vesuvius District, Rockbridge Co., Virginia, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 54' North , 79° 12' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.90000,-79.20000
GeoHash:G#: dnxxtg2rd
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


An iron mine (manganese too during WWII). Located near Vesuvius. Started mid 1800's and closed in the 1950's.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 772; Rocks & Minerals: 64: 44-45.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 772.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Reference: Gaines, R., Skinner, H., Foord, E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, and King, V., 1997, Dana's New Mineralogy, Wiley, New York.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: MinRec: 10:49; Rocks & Min.: 57:20-22 & 60:168.
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 57: 20-22 & 60: 168.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 57: 20-22 & 60: 168.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Birnessite'4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
'Cryptomelane'4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Lithiophorite'4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
'Manganite'4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Copiapite'7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Paracoquimbite'7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
'Rhomboclase'7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Cacoxenite'8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Churchite-(Y)'8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
'Planerite'8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
'Turquoise'8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
'Variscite'8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
'Wavellite'8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Kaolinite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Planerite42.9.3.6Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
LiLithium
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
OOxygen
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
CaCalcium
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
MnManganese
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian
485.4 - 541 Ma



ID: 2897807
Shady Dolomite

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Shady Dolomite

Description: Shady Dolomite (Keith, 1903). Dolostone with minor limestone and shale divided into three members: Ivanhoe (upper) Member; Austinville (middle) Member, and Patterson (lower) Member. Ivanhoe Member, dark-gray, fine-grained limestone and minor interbedded black shale; 100 to 500 feeet thick. Austinville Member, very-light-gray to cream colored, fine- to medium-grained, crystalline or saccharoidal, massive-bedded dolostone with several sequences of interbedded limestone, very-dark-gray dolostone or mottled dolostone and shale; 1000 feet thick. Patterson Member, medium- to dark-gray, fine-grained, thin-bedded dolostone or limestone with siliceous partings and intraformational brec ia beds; 800 feet thick. The Shady Dolomite is gradational with the underlying Erwin Formation and the upper two members grade southeastward into shaly dolostone with biohermal mounds, intraformational limestone or dolostone breccias, oolitic limestone, and arenaceous limestone and dolostone. This upper,southeastern facies, is in part equivalent to beds in the lower Rome Formation (Pfi el and Read, 1980). The Shady is very poorly exposed except near New River in Wythe and Smyth counties where it is at least 2100 feet thick and where major lead and zinc deposits were mined from the upper members (Currier, 1935).

Comments: Appalachian Plateaus and Valley and Ridge Original map source: Virginia Division of Mineral Resources, 2003, Digital Representation of the 1993 Geologic Map of Virginia, Publication 174, CD ROM (ISO-9660) contains image file, expanded explanation in pdf, and ESRI shapefiles, scale 1:500,000.

Lithology: Major:{dolostone}, Minor:{limestone,shale}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186818
Neoproterozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Knechtel (1943).
Milton, et al (1944).
Rocks & Minerals: 57: 20-22.
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 168.
Rocks and Minerals: 64: 44-45.


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