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Grafschafter Alp (Rottrasten; Rotrasten; Rothrasten), Ebene Reichenau, Gurk valley, Gurktaler Alpen, Carinthia, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 52' 4'' North , 13° 51' 29'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.86778,13.85833
Other regions containing this locality:The Alps, Europe
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Grafschafter Alm (Rottrasten; Rotrasten; Rothrasten), Ebene Reichenau, Gurktal, Gurktaler Alpen, Kärnten, Österreich

A former cinnabar mine, located 330 m WSW of Grafschafteralm and 2.9 km NW of Ebene Reichenau.
The mine comprised 3 adits (Franziskusstollen, Neuer Bertastollen, Alter Bertastollen) and 2 open pits. The adits are caved in. Cinnabar can be found in the dumps.
Franziskus Stollen at approx. N46.867884 E13.855977, elev. 1680 m
Bertastollen at approx. N46.867733 E13.858271, elev. 1670 m

Mineral List

11 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Silurian - Cambrian
419.2 - 541 Ma

ID: 3132509
Grauwackenzone, Ostalpine Palaeozoic

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 541 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{shale/slate,sandstone,undifferentiated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brunlechner, A. (1884) : Die Minerale des Herzogthums Kärnten.
Wiessner, H. (1951) : Geschichte des Kärntner Bergbaues, II. Teil, Geschichte des Kärntner Buntmetallbergbaues mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Blei- und Zinkbergbaues, p.256-260.
Friedrich, O. M. (1965) : Monographien Kärntner Lagerstätten II. Die Quecksilberlagerstätten Kärntens, 3. Teilbericht und Schluss. In : Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung Ostalpen, 3 Leoben, p. 71 – 124.
Meixner, H. (1975) : Bornit aus der Quecksilberlagerstätte Rotrasten bei Ebene Reichenau, in Neue Mineralfunde in den österr. Ostalpen XXV, in Carinthia II 165/85, p. 19.
Polegg, S. (1971) : Untersuchungen und Bewertung von Quecksilbervorkommen in Kärnten. In Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung, Ostalpen, Leoben, Band 12, p. 69 – 118.
Höll, R. (1977) : Early Paleozoic Ore Deposits of the Sb-W-Hg Formation in the Eastern Alps and their genetic Interpretation. In : Time- and Strata-Bound Ore Deposits, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York 1977. p. 191.
Pichler, A. (2003): Bergbau in Ostkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Ostkärnten. p. 63.
Friedrich, O.M. (1965): Monographien Kärntner Lagerstätten, II.Die Quecksilberlagerstätten Kärntens - Archiv für Lagerstättenforschung in den Ostalpen, vol.3, p.71-124.

External Links (Meixner, H. 1975, Neue Mineralfunde in den österr. Ostalpen XXV) (Friedrich, O. M. 1965, Cinnabar deposits Hohes Kohr and Rottrasten)

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