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Hematite Mine, Waldenstein, Koralpe, Carinthia, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Hematite MineMine
Waldenstein- not defined -
Koralpe- not defined -
Carinthia- not defined -
AustriaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Hämatitgrube (Eisenglimmerbergbau), Waldenstein, Koralpe, Kärnten, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 55' North , 14° 52' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.91667,14.86667
GeoHash:G#: u26dfkct6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Waldenstein123 (2018)1.3km
Twimberg299 (2018)1.6km
Schiefling281 (2018)2.2km
Unterpreitenegg302 (2018)3.1km
Schönberg170 (2018)3.7km


Ancient iron mine, working on micaceous hematite, abandoned during the late 1990s. Located west of Waldenstein.

The mineralogy has been reviewed by Niedermayr & Prasnik (2007).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

42 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce) ?
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Antimony
Formula: Sb
'Apatite'
'Biotite'
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Lapis 28(5):8 (2003); PXRD (Niedermayr) and SXRD (Uwe Kolitsch) analyses of sample H 8396 (NHM Vienna collection) originally labeled "Polybasit?" which turned out to be bournonite.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: O. M. Friedrich: Der Karinthin 6:102-105 (1949); Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: O. M. Friedrich: Der Karinthin 6:102-105 (1949)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: H. Meixner: Carinthia II 145/65:10 (1955)
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: O. M. Friedrich: Der Karinthin 6:102-105 (1949)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: matrixx 5, p.26-30
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: matrixx 5, p.26-30
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: H. Meixner: Carinthia II 145/65:10 (1955)
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Description: PXRD (Niedermayr) and SXRD (Uwe Kolitsch) analyses of sample H 8396 (NHM Vienna collection) originally labeled "Polybasit?" which turned out to be bournonite.
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; PXRD (Niedermayr) and SXRD (Uwe Kolitsch) analyses of sample H 8396 (NHM Vienna collection) originally labeled "Polybasit?" which turned out to be bournonite.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: H. Heritsch: Carinthia II 144./64.:40-41 (1954)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: matrixx 5, p.26-30
'Scapolite'
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Siderite var: Sideroplesite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVI. Carinthia II, 197/117, 149-190.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: O. M. Friedrich: Der Karinthin 6:102-105 (1949)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Polybasite ?2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Sideroplesite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Felsőbányaite7.DD.05Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce) ?9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite ?3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Felsőbányaite31.4.4.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce) ?58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
Siderite
var: Sideroplesite
-(Fe,Mg)CO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O RutileTiO2
O Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S StibniteSb2S3
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Siderite (var: Sideroplesite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NiNickel
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb AntimonySb
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
BaBarium
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Proterozoic
251.902 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3137431
Ostalpines Kristallin

Age: to Triassic (251.902 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{mica schist}, Minor{marble,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- E. Döll: Verh. d. Geol. Reichsanstalt (Vienna), 44-45 (1876)
- H. Meixner: Carinthia II 130./50.:59-74 (1940)
- O. M. Friedrich: Der Karinthin 6:102-105 (1949)
- H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 8:153-160 (1950)
- O. M. Friedrich: Carinthia II 43./63.:93-95 (1953)
- A. Kieslinger: Carinthia II 143./63.:29-34 (1953)
- B. Matz: Carinthia II 143./63:23-28 (1953)
- H. Heritsch: Carinthia II 144./64.:40-41 (1954)
- H. Meixner: Carinthia II 145/65:10 (1955)
- H. Meixner: Carinthia II, special ed. no. 21 (1957)
- H. Weninger: Mineralfundstellen Steiermark und Kärnten, Weise (Munich), 1976, pp. 130-131
- G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 175./95.:243 (1985)
- J. Mörtl: Mitt. Öster. Miner. Ges. 133:103-111 (1988)
- W. Postl: Carinthia II 180./100.:252 (1990)
- F. Walter: Mitt. Öster. Miner. Ges. 137:212-216 (1992)
- R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (Vienna), 1993
- G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens (1995)
- J. Taucher (1996): Harmotom, Heulandit, Pyrit, Calcit und Saponit aus dem Hämatitbergbau Waldenstein, Kärnten, Österreich - Matrixx Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich, Bd.5, 26 - 30.
- Pohl, W., and Belocky, R. (1999): Metamorphism and metallogeny in the Eastern Alps. Mineralium Deposita 34, 614-629.
- Niedermayr, G. & Prasnik, H. (2007): Der Eisenglimmer-Bergbau Waldenstein. Mineralien-Welt 18 (3), 41-55.
- Knebl., U. G. (2015): Petrologie und Vererzung der Lagerstätte Waldenstein. Master Thesis, University Graz, xx pp.

External Links


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  • Carinthia

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