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Umberg, Wernberg, Villach, Carinthia, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Umberg- not defined -
Wernberg- not defined -
Villach- not defined -
Carinthia- not defined -
AustriaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Umberg, Wernberg, Villach, Kärnten, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 39' 46'' North , 14° 2' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.66278,14.03889
GeoHash:G#: u23crqwy3
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Ancient Pb-Zn mining area.
Located near Umberg, about 9 km ENE of Villach.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,320 mineral species & varietal names listed

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,256 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Description: Needles with up to 5 cm were reported
Reference: Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (1992): Boulangerit von Umberg bei Wernberg, Kärnten. Pp. 125-126 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (1992): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIL. Carinthia II, 182./102., 113-158.; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD analysis of specimen labeled "jamesonite")
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Meixner (1950)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Cordierite ?
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: matrixx 2, p.39-41
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Jamesonite ?
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Description: Originally reported by Meixner (1952), but probably boulangerite (Niedermayr & Brandstätter, 1992). A specimen labeled "jamesonite" was SXRD-analysed as boulangerite (Uwe Kolitsch, unpubl. data).
Reference: MEIXNER, H. (1950): Kurzbericht über neue Kärntner Minerale und Mineralfundorte IV. Der Karinthin, 11, 255-257; Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (1992): Boulangerit von Umberg bei Wernberg, Kärnten. Pp. 125-126 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (1992): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIL. Carinthia II, 182./102., 113-158.; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: matrixx 2, p.39-41
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Sillimanite ?
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Stibnite ?
Formula: Sb2S3
Description: Canaval (1893) describes fine needles which are boulangerite most likely
Reference: Canaval (1893)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Hiden (1997)
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Boulangerite'2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
'Bournonite'2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Freibergite'2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Greenockite'2.CB.45CdS
'Jamesonite' ?2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Stibnite' ?2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Pyrolusite'4.DB.05Mn4+O2
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
'Valentinite'4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Cordierite' ?9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Sillimanite' ?9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite ?2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite ?3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite ?52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite ?61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O ValentiniteSb2O3
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SSulfur
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AgSilver
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic - Proterozoic
251.902 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3136148
Ostalpines Kristallin

Age: to Triassic (251.902 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{mica schist}, Minor{marble,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Canaval R. (1893): Das Erzvorkommen am Umberg bei Wernberg in Kärnten. Jb. naturhist. Landesmus.Kärnten, 22: 174-185, Klagenfurt.
- Meixner, H. (1950): Kurzbericht über neue Kärntner Minerale und Mineralfundorte IV. Der Karinthin, 11, 255-257.
- Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (1992): Boulangerit von Umberg bei Wernberg, Kärnten. Pp. 125-126 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (1992): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIL. Carinthia II, 182./102., 113-158.
- Taucher, J. & Jakely, D. (1993): Freibergit, Gold und Zn-hältiger Malachit vom aufgelassenen Bergbau am Wernberg, Kärnten, Österreich. Matrixx Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich, 2, 39-41.
- G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
- Hiden, R. (1997): Blei-Zink-Vorkommen in Kärnten - Teil II. Der Steirische Mineralog, 11, 29-32.
- Jakely, D. (2018): Gold in Freibergit vom Umberg bei Wernberg, Kärnten. In: Der Steirische Mineralog, Vol.33, p.70.

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