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Penrhiw Mine (Penyberth Mine), Ystumtuen, Cwmrheidol, Ceredigion, Wales, UKi
Regional Level Types
Penrhiw Mine (Penyberth Mine)Mine (Reclaimed)
Ystumtuen- not defined -
Cwmrheidol- not defined -
CeredigionCounty
WalesCountry
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
52° 23' 28'' North , 3° 51' 22'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
SN737787
Locality type:
Mine (Reclaimed) - last checked 2020
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Capel Bangor256 (2017)7.8km
Pontrhydfendigaid712 (2017)12.1km
Llanilar1,085 (2017)12.1km
Bow Street1,572 (2017)12.9km
Penparcau3,088 (2011)14.8km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Dyfed; Cardiganshire


As of Dec 2017 all of the site appears to have been reclaimed as private dwellings.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190 pp.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: No reference listed
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Smyth, W.M., Reeks, T., and Rudler, F.W. (1864): A Catalogue of the Mineral Collections in the Museum of Practical Geology. HMSO Publications (London), 190 pp.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Lautenthalite
Formula: PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: [UKJMM No.15, p23)
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: No reference listed
Queitite
Formula: Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Reference: Mason, J.S. & Green, D.I., 1995. Supergene minerals including exceptional ramsbeckite from Penrhiw Mine, Ystumtuen, Dyfed. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 15, 21-27.
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Ohnishi, M., Kusachi, I., Kobayashi, S., & Yamakawa, J. (2007). Mineral chemistry of schulenbergite and its Zn-dominant analogue from the Hirao mine, Osaka, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 102(4), 233-239.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: No reference listed
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Lautenthalite7.DE.70PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Queitite9.BF.20Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Lautenthalite31.6.1.2PbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Queitite58.1.3.1Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SulphurS8
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
CaCalcium
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mason, J.S. & Green, D.I., 1995. Supergene minerals including exceptional ramsbeckite from Penrhiw Mine, Ystumtuen, Dyfed. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 15, 21-27.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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