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Lueshe Mine, Bwito, Rutshuru Territiory, North Kivu, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
Lueshe MineMine
BwitoDistrict
Rutshuru TerritioryTerritory
North KivuProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
0° 59' 12'' South , 29° 8' 26'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Zaïre


Lateritic niobium ore. Cancrinite syenite intruded by Nb-bearing calcite-carbonatite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


41 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
'Ancylite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.; http://www.handbookofmineralogy.com/pdfs/fersmite.pdf
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: No reference listed
Hydropyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
Type Locality:
Reference: Van Wambeke, L. (1965) A study of some niobium-bearing minerals of the Lueshe carbonatite deposit Kivu, Rep. of Congo). Euratom Report 2110, 9-16.; Van Wambeke, L. (1978) Kalipyrochlore, a new mineral of the pyrochlore group. American Mineralogist, 63, 528-530.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Lueshite (TL)
Formula: NaNbO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Acad. Roy. Sci.Outre-Mer, Brussels, (1959) 5, 1251-1255
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://www.metafro.be/mineralogy/sample/5121/mineral and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutshuru; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Parisite'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: named as bariopyrochlore in Wall et al. (1997)
Reference: Wall, F., W Williams, C.T., Woolley, A.R. & Nasraoui, M. (1996): Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine 60, 731-750; Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 569-594.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
'Rhabdophane'
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.; Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: No reference listed
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
'Synchysite Group'
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
'Wad'
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Nasraoui, M., Bilal, E., & Gibert, R. (1999). Fresh and weathered pyrochlore studies by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy coupled with thermal analysis. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(4), 567-567.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hydropyrochlore (TL)4.DH.15(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
Lueshite (TL)4.CC.30NaNbO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Baotite9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Mica Group'-
'Parisite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Lueshite (TL)4.3.3.4NaNbO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Hydropyrochlore (TL)8.2.1.2(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Baotite60.1.2.1Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Ancylite'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Mica Group'-
Nacrite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Parisite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group'
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Rhabdophane'-
'Synchysite Group'-
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O LueshiteNaNbO3
O Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O HematiteFe2O3
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O RutileTiO2
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na LueshiteNaNbO3
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
MgMagnesium
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb LueshiteNaNbO3
Nb Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
van Wambeke, L. (1965) A study of some niobium-bearing minerals of the Lueshe carbonatite deposit (Kivu, Republic of Congo). Euratom Report 2110, 9-16.
van Wambeke, L. (1978) Kalipyrochlore, a new mineral of the pyrochlore group. American Mineralogist, 63, 528-530.
Maravic, H.V., Morteani, G., and Roethe, G. (1989) The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Nasraoui, M. and Waerenborgh, J.C. (2001) Fe speciation in weathered pyrochlore-group minerals from the Lueshe and Araxá (Barreiro) carbonatites by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 1073-1080.
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 09-1139.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Africa
African PlateTectonic Plate
DR Congo

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