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Lueshe Mine, Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 0° 59' 12'' South , 29° 8' 27'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -0.986666666667, 29.1408333333
Other regions containing this locality:Central Africa

Lateritic niobium ore. Cancrinite syenite intruded by Nb-bearing calcite-carbonatite.

Mineral List

38 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


van Wambeke, L. (1965) A study of some niobium-bearing minerals of the Luesche carbonatite deposit Kivu, Rep. of Congo). Euratom Report,(1965) 2110, 9-16

Wambeke, L. (1978) Kalipyrochlore, a new mineral of the pyrochlore group, American Mineralogist, 63:528-530.

Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.

Nasraoui, M. and Waerenborgh, J.C. (2001): Fe speciation in weathered pyrochlore-group minerals from the Lueshe and Araxá (Barreiro) carbonatites by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1073-1080.

Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.

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