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Shinkolobwe Mine (Kasolo Mine), Shinkolobwe, Kambove District, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 11° 2' 54'' South , 26° 33' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -11.04861,26.55083
GeoHash:G#: kw4chhttp
Other regions containing this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of the Congo
Central Africa
Locality type:Mine
Age:656 to 602 Ma
Geologic Time:Neoproterozoic
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Uranium mine with copper, cobalt and nickel ores, 1915-1960.
About 656 m.y. ago the first important amounts of uranium, cobalt, nickel, iron, and copper were deposited. 602 m.y. ago the second era of uranium, cobalt and copper formation took place in which, curiously, nickel is absent. From then on until the present days the primary minerals are changed into secondary minerals.

The mine was officially closed in 2004, but artisanal mining continues.

Most of the uranium necessary for the production of the "Little Boy" atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima came from the Shinkolobwe mine.

The Mindat icon marks the old flooded open pit.

Note on the mineral list: Zeunerite and beta-uranophane are not known from Shinkolobwe (see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-12-391438.html).


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List

Anhydrite

Aragonite

Asbolane

Baryte

Becquerelite (TL)

Berzelianite

Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)

Billietite (TL)

Bornite

'Bravoite'

Brochantite

Calcite

var: Cobaltoan Calcite

Carrollite

Cattierite (TL)

'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

Chernikovite

'Chlorite Group'

Chrysocolla

Clausthalite

Clinochlore

Comblainite (TL)

Copper

Cousinite (TL)

Covellite

Cuprosklodowskite

Curienite

Curite (TL)

Cyanotrichite

Devilline

Dewindtite (TL)

Digenite

Dioptase

Dolomite

Dumontite (TL)

Fletcherite

Fluorapatite

Fourmarierite (TL)

Galena

Gauthierite (TL)

Goethite

Gold

Guilleminite

Gysinite-(Nd)

Hematite

Heterogenite

Ianthinite (TL)

Iriginite

Jarosite

Kasolite (TL)

Klockmannite

Kolbeckite

Kotulskite ?

Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)

Liebigite

Linnaeite

Lizardite

Magnesite

Malachite

Masuyite (TL)

Melonite

Merenskyite

Metasaléeite (TL)

Metaschoepite (TL)

Metastudtite (TL)

Metatorbernite

Metavandendriesscheite (TL)

Millerite

Molybdenite

Molybdite

'Monazite'

Morenosite

Muscovite

Népouite

Opal

Oursinite (TL)

Palladinite

Palladium

Paraschoepite (TL)

Parsonsite (TL)

Penroseite

Pentlandite

Phosphuranylite

Phurcalite

Piretite (TL)

Platinum

Polydymite

Protasite (TL)

Pseudomalachite

Pyrite

Pyromorphite

Quartz

Renardite

Richetite (TL)

Roubaultite (TL)

Rutherfordine

Rutile

Saléeite (TL)

Sayrite (TL)

'Scapolite'

Schmitterite

Schoepite (TL)

Sengierite

Sharpite (TL)

Shinkolobweite (TL)

Siegenite

Sklodowskite (TL)

Soddyite (TL)

Spherocobaltite

Spinel

Stilleite (TL)

Studtite (TL)

Talc

Torbernite

'Tourmaline'

Trogtalite

Umangite

Umohoite

Urancalcarite (TL)

Uraninite

Uranocircite

Uranophane

Uranopilite

Vaesite

Vandenbrandeite

Vandendriesscheite (TL)

Vanmeersscheite

Variscite

Volborthite

Wölsendorfite

Wulfenite

Wyartite (TL)

Zippeite


128 valid minerals. 38 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 480 ± 3 Ma to 65 ± 1 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Paleocene
ⓘ Uraninite (youngest age)65 ± 1 Ma
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Ordovician
   Early Ordovician
ⓘ Uraninite (oldest age)480 ± 3 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic - Ectasian
541 - 1400 Ma



ID: 3184595
Mesoproterozoic-Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 1400 Ma)

Comments: Katangan - Lufilian Arc

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ediacaran
541 - 635 Ma



ID: 3309816

Age: Ediacaran (541 - 635 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schoep, A. (1921) La curite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 173: 1186.
Schoep, A. (1921) Sur la kasolite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 173: 1476-1477.
Schoep, A. (1922) Sur la dewindtite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 174: 623-625.
Schoep, A. (1922) La soddite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de la terres et des planètes: 174: 1066-1067 (soddyite, as soddite).
Schoep, A. (1923) Sur la parsonsite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris: 176: 171-173.
Walker, T.L. (1923) Schoepite, a new uranium mineral from Kasolo, Belgian Congo. American Mineralogist: 8: 67-69.
Schoep, A. (1924) La sklodowskite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 179: 413.
Schoep, A. (1924) La dumontite, nouveau minéral radioactif. Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 179: 693.
Schoep, A. (1928) La renardite, nouveau minéral uranifère. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 51: 247-252.
Thoreau, J. and Vaes, J.-F. (1932) La saléeite, nouveau minéral uranifère. Bulletin de la société belge de géologie, paléontologie et hydrologie: 42: 96-100.
Mélon, M.J. (1938) La sharpite, nouveau carbonate d'uranyle du Congo belge. Bulletin des Séances de l'Institut Royal Colonial Belge: 9: 333-336.
Kerr, P.F. (1945) Cattierite and vaesite: New Co-Ni minerals from the Belgian Congo. American Mineralogist: 30: 483-497.
Vaes, J.F. (1947) Six nouveaux minéraux d'urane provenant de Shinkolobwe (Katanga). Annales de la Société Géologique Belge: 70: B212-B229. (in French) - Mineralogical Abstracts (1947), 10, 146 (abstract).
Schoep, A. and Stradiot, S. (1947) Paraschoepite and epiianthinite, two new uranium minerals from Shinkolobwe (Belgian Congo). American Mineralogist: 32: 344-350.
Frondel, C. (1950) Studies of uranium minerals (I): Parsonsite and randite. American Mineralogist: 35: 245-250.
Ramdohr, P. (1956) Stilleit, ein neues Mineral, natürliches Zinkselenid, von Shinkolobwe. Geotektonisches Symposium zu Ehren von Hans Stille: 481–483 (in German).
Vaes, J.F. (1958) Cousiniet, een nieuw uraanmineral. Geologie en Mijnbouw: 20(12): 449 (in Dutch).
Mazzi, F., Garavelli, C.L., and Rinaldi, F. (1959) Richerche strutturali sulla parsonite (sic). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana: 25: 364-365.
Guillemin, C. and Protas, J. (1959) Ianthinite et wyartite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 82: 80-86.
Christ, C.L. and Clark, J.R. (1960) Crystal chemical studies of some uranyl oxide hydrates. American Mineralogist: 45: 1026-1061.
Toussaint, J. (1961) Sur la structure de la wölsendorfite de Shinkolobwe. Annales de la Société Géologique Belge: 84: 365-373.
Cesbron, F., Pierrot, R., and Verbeek, T. (1970) La roubaultite Cu2(UO2)3(OH)10·5H2O, une nouvelle espéce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 93: 500-554.
Piret, P. and Deliens, M. (1980) Comblainite, (Nix2+, Co1-x3+)(OH)2(CO3)(1-x/2)·yH2O, a new mineral of the pyroaurite group. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 103: 113-117 (in French).
Deliens, M., Piret, P., and Comblain, G. (1981) Les minéraux secondaires d’uranium du Zaïre. Published by Musée Royal de l’Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium: 64-65.
Deliens, M. and Piret, P. (1982) Bijvoetite et lepersonnite, carbonates hydratés d’uranyle et de terres rares de Shinkolobwe, Zaïre. Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 231–238 (in French with English abstract).
Piret, P., Deliens, M., Piret-Meunier, J., and Germain, G. (1983) La sayrite, Pb2[(UO2)5O6(OH)2]·4H2O, nouveau minéral; propriétés et structure cristalline. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 106: 299-304.
Deliens, M. and Piret, P. (1983) L'oursinite (Co0.86Mg0.10Ni0.04)0.2UO3·2SiO2·6H2O, nouveau minéral de Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 106: 305-308.
Deliens, M. and Piret, P. (1983) Metastudtite, UO4·2H2O, a new mineral from Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaire. American Mineralogist: 68: 456–458.
Deliens, M. and Piret, P. (1984) Urancalcarite, Ca(U)2)3CO3(OH)6·3H20, a new mineral from Shinkolobwe, SHaba, Zaire. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 107: 21-24 (in French).
Pagoaga, M.K., Appleman, D.E., and Stewart, J.M. (1986) A new barium uranyl oxide hydrate mineral, protasite. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 125–128.
Gauthier, G., François, A., Deliens, M., and Piret, P. (1989) Famous Mineral Localities: The Uranium Deposits of the Shaba Region, Zaire. Mineralogical Record: 20: 265-288, 304.
Vochten, R., Blaton, N., Peeters, O., and Deliens, M. (1996) Piretite, Ca(UO2)3(SeO3)2(OH)4•4H2O, a new calcium uranyl selenite from Shinkolobwe, Shaba, Zaire. Canadian Mineralogist: 34: 1315–1322.
Leydet, J.C. (2006) Shinkolobwe (République Démocratique du Congo). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs: 93: 86-88.
Olds, T.A., Plášil, J., Kampf, A.R., Škoda, R., Burns, P.C., Čejka, J., Bourgoin, V., and Boulliard, J.-C. (2016) Gauthierite, KPb[(UO2)7O5(OH)7].8H2O, a new uranyl-oxide hydroxy-hydrate mineral from Shinkolobwe with a novel uranyl-anion sheet-topology. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: (in press).

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