IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep mindat.org running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

L'Etoile du Congo Mine (Star of the Congo Mine; Kalukuluku Mine), Lubumbashi (Elizabethville), Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of the Congo

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 11° 38' 3'' South , 27° 34' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -11.63444,27.58083
GeoHash:G#: ktgtgd58r
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Abandoned copper mine, located on the outskirts of Lubumbashi, which is worked intermittently and by locals for mineral specimens. Originally named Kalukuluku mine, the mine was later renamed by the Belgians. The first mine to produce cobalt ore in 1907.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

L'Etoile du Congo Mine, Lubumbashi, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo
L'Etoile du Congo Mine (Star of the Congo Mine; Kalukuluku Mine), Lubumbashi (Elizabethville), Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)

Regions containing this locality

Central Africa

Region - 530 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.
Cornetite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176 & 790.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176,790.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 790.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Botryoidal/mammillary masses, stalactitic masses.
Reference: Lapis (1992): 17(3), 13-40.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: C. Creekmur collection. J. Hartmann collection.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176, 790.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: 7th edition: 510, 652.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Heterogenite'4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Cacoxenite'8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Cornetite' (TL)8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
'Libethenite'8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite (TL)41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
OOxygen
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O TenoriteCuO
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
CoCobalt
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TenoriteCuO

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3192935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cryogenian
635 - 720 Ma



ID: 3311679

Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176, 790.
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.

External Links

http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf (information on a number of mines in Katanga, in Dutch)


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 13, 2018 00:58:41 Page generated: November 10, 2018 14:13:23
Go to top of page