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L'Etoile du Congo Mine (Star of the Congo Mine; Kalukuluku Mine), Lubumbashi, Haut-Katanga, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
L'Etoile du Congo Mine (Star of the Congo Mine; Kalukuluku Mine)Mine
LubumbashiCity
Haut-KatangaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 11° 38' 3'' South , 27° 34' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -11.63444,27.58083
GeoHash:G#: ktgtgd58r
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lubumbashi1,373,770 (2016)11.4km
Kipushi62,332 (2016)38.5km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Abandoned copper mine, located on the outskirts of Lubumbashi, which is worked intermittently and by locals for mineral specimens. Originally named Kalukuluku mine, the mine was later renamed by the Belgians. The first mine to produce cobalt ore in 1907.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


11 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.
Cornetite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176 & 790.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176,790.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: octahedrons
Colour: Steel gray to black
Reference: Paul De Bondt.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 790.; http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Botryoidal/mammillary masses, stalactitic masses.
Reference: Lapis (1992): 17(3), 13-40.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: C. Creekmur collection. J. Hartmann collection.
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176, 790.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: 7th edition: 510, 652.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Cornetite (TL)8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Spherocobaltite14.1.1.5CoCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite (TL)41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
OOxygen
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O TenoriteCuO
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CoCobalt
Co SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3192935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cryogenian
635 - 720 Ma



ID: 3311679

Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 176, 790.
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.

External Links

http://www.champ-hannut.be/fichierpdf/Rev%20SP%202017%20NL.pdf (information on a number of mines in Katanga, in Dutch)


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