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Luiswishi Mine, Lubumbashi, Haut-Katanga, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
Luiswishi MineMine
Lubumbashi- not defined -
Haut-KatangaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 11° 30' 47'' South , 27° 26' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -11.51318,27.43668
GeoHash:G#: ktgw824fb
Locality type:Mine
Deposit first discovered:1907
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Katanga Copper Crescent; Zaïre


Copper-Cobalt-Uranium deposit worked from an open cast. Located 20 km N of Lubumbashi.

Regions containing this locality

Central Africa

Region - 525 mineral species & varietal names listed

Katanga, DR Congo

Province (Historical) - 0 mineral species & varietal names listed

Katanga Copper Crescent, Haut-Katanga, DR Congo

275 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


20 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Billietite
Formula: Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
'commodity:Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Reference:  
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference:  
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Gummite'
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Johari, Umba Kyamitala
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048; Lapis (1992): 17(3), 13-40.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Paul De Bondt
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Paul De Bondt
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Sengierite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min (1949) 34 (1-2), 109-120; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Reference: N. Loris, J.M. Charlet, E. Pechmann, C. Clare, Chabu & Y. Quinif: Caractéristiques minéralogiques, cristallographiques, physico-chimiques et âges des minéralisations uranifères de Lwiswishi (Shaba, Zaïre). in: "Centenaire des premières études sur la géologie shabienne (Zaïre): "Gisements de cuivre stratiformes et minéralisations associées", J.M. Charlet ed., Fac. Polytechn. Mons et Ac. Royale des Sciences d'Outremer, 1997, 482 pp. (p. 285-306) (see also http://www.mindat.org/mesg-11-202993.html)
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Soddyite
Formula: (UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Description: Talc is common in the mine as most part of the mineralised body is found in a talc-shist rock. The erosion of this rock produces the talc.
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'commodity:Uranium'
Formula: U
Reference:  
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vandenbrandeite
Formula: Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048; Mineralogical Record: 20: 268.
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Siegenite'2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Billietite'4.GB.10Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Curite4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
'Sengierite' (TL)4.HB.10Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
'Vandenbrandeite'4.GB.45Cu(UO2)(OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Cornetite8.BE.15Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Pseudomalachite'8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Torbernite'8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Volborthite'8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cuprosklodowskite9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
'Sklodowskite'9.AK.10Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
'Soddyite'9.AK.05(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
'Talc'9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Uranophane'9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Gummite-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Siegenite2.10.1.6CoNi2S4
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO4·xH2O
Vandenbrandeite5.3.2.1Cu(UO2)(OH)4
AX6O19·xH2O
Billietite5.7.1.3Ba(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
Miscellaneous
Curite5.9.3.1Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Cornetite41.3.2.1Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Sengierite (TL)42.6.10.1Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Sklodowskite53.3.1.3Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Soddyite53.3.3.1(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Gummite'-
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
H CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
H CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
H SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
H Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
O CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
O CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
O SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
O Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
PPhosphorus
P CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S SiegeniteCoNi2S4
CaCalcium
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
VVanadium
V SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CoCobalt
Co SiegeniteCoNi2S4
NiNickel
Ni SiegeniteCoNi2S4
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cu CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
PbLead
Pb CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
UUranium
U BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
U CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
U CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
U SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
U Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3192935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cryogenian
635 - 720 Ma



ID: 3311679

Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Vaes, J.F. and Kerr, Paul F. (1949) Sengierite: A preliminary description. American Mineralogist, 34 (1-2), 109-120 [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM34/AM34_109.pdf].
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1048.
Lapis (1992) 17(3), 13-40.
El Desouky, H.A., Muchez, P., and Cailteux, J. (2009) Two Cu–Co sulfide phases and contrasting fluid systems in the Katanga Copperbelt, Democratic Republic of Congo. Ore Geology Reviews, 36, 315-322.
El Desouky, Hamdy A., Muchez, Philippe, Boyce, Adrian J., Schneider, Jens, Cailteux, Jacques L. H., Dewaele, Stijn, and von Quadt, Albrecht (2010) Genesis of sediment-hosted stratiform copper–cobalt mineralization at Luiswishi and Kamoto, Katanga Copperbelt (Democratic Republic of Congo). Mineralium Deposita, 45, 735-763.

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