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Manono Mine, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 7° 16' 38'' South , 27° 27' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -7.27750,27.45083
GeoHash:G#: kwew8ejj6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Zaïre


Huge pegmatite mined for columbite-tantalite.
100 Mio t of reserves.
Operations also suggest that the Manono deposit hosts one of the largest reserves of lithium in the world (30 M tons of spodumene at 6% lithium oxide).

Regions containing this locality

Central Africa

Region - 530 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alumotantite
Formula: AlTaO4
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: red-brown
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx
Cesplumtantite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Reference: Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal 8/5 (1986), 92
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Foordite
Formula: Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: T. Witzke, unpublished microprobe analysis
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: James Madison University specimen (on cassiterite specimen)
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Lithiotantite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2016
Lithiowodginite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: James Madison University specimen (on cassiterite specimen)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: James Madison University specimen (on cassiterite specimen)
Rankamaite
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Simpsonite
Formula: Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Paul De Bondt
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx
Thoreaulite (TL)
Formula: (Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Buttgenbach, H.(1933): La thoreaulite, nouvelle espéce minérale. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. 56: 327-328
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Alumotantite'4.DB.55AlTaO4
'Calciotantite'4.DJ.05CaTa4O11
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Cesplumtantite' (TL)4.DM.15(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
'Fersmite'4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
'Foordite'4.DG.15Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Ixiolite'4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
'Lithiotantite'4.DB.40LiTa3O8
'Lithiowodginite'4.DB.40LiTa3O8
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Rankamaite'4.DM.05(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
'Simpsonite'4.DC.10Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
'Thoreaulite' (TL)4.DG.15(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Wodginite'4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 9 - Silicates
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Spodumene'9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Hydroxycalciomicrolite'-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Alumotantite8.1.7.1AlTaO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiowodginite8.1.8.4LiTa3O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite8.3.10.2Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Thoreaulite (TL)8.3.10.1(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Calciotantite8.6.2.1CaTa4O11
Miscellaneous
Cesplumtantite (TL)8.7.11.1(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Lithiotantite8.7.7.1LiTa3O8
Rankamaite8.7.6.1(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Simpsonite8.7.5.1Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
H SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
LiLithium
Li LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
Li LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O AlumotantiteAlTaO4
O CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
O LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
O SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
FFluorine
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
NaSodium
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
AlAluminium
Al AlumotantiteAlTaO4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Al SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
CaCalcium
Ca CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
MnManganese
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
NbNiobium
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Sn Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
CsCaesium
Cs Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta AlumotantiteAlTaO4
Ta CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ta Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
Ta LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Ta Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Ta SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
PbLead
Pb Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Pb Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Tonian : 938.8 ± 5.1 Ma to 934 ± 5.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Tonian
ⓘ Muscovite (youngest age)934 ± 5.9 Ma
ⓘ Muscovite (oldest age)938.8 ± 5.1 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3308219

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Plutonic and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Ectasian - Paleoproterozoic
1200 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185174
Paleoproterozoic-Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1200 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Buttgenbach, H. (1933) La thoreaulite, nouvelle espéce minérale. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 56, 327-328.
Kristiansen, R. (2001) Sjeldne tantalniobater fra Sentral-Afrika. eksotiske minerallokaliteter II (Exotic mineral-locations II). STEIN, 28(2), 21-28 [notes on thoreaulite and cesplumtantite].


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