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Manono Mine, Tanganyika, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
Manono MineMine
TanganyikaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 7° 16' 38'' South , 27° 27' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -7.27750,27.45083
GeoHash:G#: kwew8ejj6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Zaïre


Huge pegmatite mined for columbite-tantalite.
100 Mio t of reserves.
Operations also suggest that the Manono deposit hosts one of the largest reserves of lithium in the world (30 M tons of spodumene at 6% lithium oxide).

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Central AfricaRegion
Katanga, DR CongoProvince (Historical)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alumotantite
Formula: AlTaO4
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cesplumtantite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Type Locality:
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite
Formula: Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Graphite
Formula: C
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiotantite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Lithiowodginite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rankamaite
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Simpsonite
Formula: Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Thoreaulite (TL)
Formula: (Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Type Locality:
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Alumotantite4.DB.55AlTaO4
Calciotantite4.DJ.05CaTa4O11
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesplumtantite (TL)4.DM.15(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite4.DG.15Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiotantite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Lithiowodginite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rankamaite4.DM.05(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Simpsonite4.DC.10Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Thoreaulite (TL)4.DG.15(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Alumotantite8.1.7.1AlTaO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiowodginite8.1.8.4LiTa3O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite8.3.10.2Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Thoreaulite (TL)8.3.10.1(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Calciotantite8.6.2.1CaTa4O11
Miscellaneous
Cesplumtantite (TL)8.7.11.1(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Lithiotantite8.7.7.1LiTa3O8
Rankamaite8.7.6.1(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Simpsonite8.7.5.1Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
H SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Li LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
O FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
O SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
O AlumotantiteAlTaO4
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
O HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
O LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
FFluorine
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
NaSodium
Na Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Al SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Al AlumotantiteAlTaO4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
CaCalcium
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ca HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
FeIron
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
NbNiobium
Nb Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
SnTin
Sn Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Sn FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
CsCaesium
Cs Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Ta FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Ta SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Ta AlumotantiteAlTaO4
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Ta HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ta LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
PbLead
Pb Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Pb Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Pb Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Tonian : 938.8 ± 5.1 Ma to 934 ± 5.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Tonian
ⓘ Muscovite (youngest age)934 ± 5.9 Ma
ⓘ Muscovite (oldest age)938.8 ± 5.1 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3308219

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Plutonic and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Ectasian - Paleoproterozoic
1200 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185174
Paleoproterozoic-Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1200 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Buttgenbach, H. (1933) La thoreaulite, nouvelle espéce minérale. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 56: 327-328.
Kristiansen, R. (2001) Sjeldne tantalniobater fra Sentral-Afrika. eksotiske minerallokaliteter II (Exotic mineral-locations II). STEIN, 28 (2): 21-28 [notes on thoreaulite and cesplumtantite].

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