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Manono-Kitotolo Mine, Tanganyika, DR Congoi
Regional Level Types
Manono-Kitotolo MineMine
TanganyikaProvince
DR CongoCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 7° 16' 38'' South , 27° 27' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -7.27750,27.45083
GeoHash:G#: kwew8ejj6
Locality type:Mine
Age:938.8 ± 8.5 Ma
Geologic Time:Tonian
Dating method:40Ar–39Ar muscovite
Reference for age:Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-3
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Zaïre


Huge pegmatite mined for columbite-tantalite. 1915 to the stop of mining in the mid 1980s, the deposit has produced about 140,000 tonnes of cassiterite concentrate and 4500 tonnes of columbite–tantalite concentrate.
100 Mt of reserves.
Operations also suggest that the Manono deposit hosts one of the largest reserves of lithium in the world (30 M tons of spodumene at 6% lithium oxide).
Consists of two main zones that stretch over an area with a length of ~15 km and a width of ~800 m: Kitotolo in the southwest and Manono-Kahungwe in the northeast.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Central AfricaRegion
Katanga, DR CongoProvince (Historical)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


33 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Alumotantite
Formula: AlTaO4
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
'Apatite'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Biotite'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Calciotantite
Formula: CaTa4O11
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Description: red-brown
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Cesplumtantite (TL)
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Type Locality:
Reference: Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal 8/5 (1986), 92
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Foordite
Formula: Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: T. Witzke, unpublished microprobe analysis
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: James Madison University specimen (on cassiterite specimen)
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Lithiotantite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2016
Lithiowodginite
Formula: LiTa3O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015
'Mica Group'
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: James Madison University specimen (on cassiterite specimen); Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: James Madison University specimen (on cassiterite specimen); Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Rankamaite
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Simpsonite
Formula: Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. (1988) Mineralogy of tantalum and niobium in rare-metal pegmatites, - Leningrad, Nauka, p. 240 (in Rus.)
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Colour: green, pink, beige
Reference: Paul De Bondt; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: http://www.mineralmundi.com/congo-(kinshasa)/katanga/manono.aspx; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Thoreaulite (TL)
Formula: (Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Buttgenbach, H.(1933): La thoreaulite, nouvelle espéce minérale. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. 56: 327-328; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Uranocircite ?
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2015; Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Alumotantite4.DB.55AlTaO4
Calciotantite4.DJ.05CaTa4O11
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesplumtantite (TL)4.DM.15(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite4.DG.15Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiotantite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Lithiowodginite4.DB.40LiTa3O8
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rankamaite4.DM.05(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Simpsonite4.DC.10Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Thoreaulite (TL)4.DG.15(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Uranocircite ?8.EB.05Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Alumotantite8.1.7.1AlTaO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Lithiowodginite8.1.8.4LiTa3O8
Wodginite8.1.8.1Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Foordite8.3.10.2Sn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Thoreaulite (TL)8.3.10.1(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
(AB)6O11·nH2O
Calciotantite8.6.2.1CaTa4O11
Miscellaneous
Cesplumtantite (TL)8.7.11.1(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Lithiotantite8.7.7.1LiTa3O8
Rankamaite8.7.6.1(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Simpsonite8.7.5.1Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Uranocircite ?40.2a.3.1Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Columbite-Tantalite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
H SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Li LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
O FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
O SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
O AlumotantiteAlTaO4
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
O WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
O HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
O LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
FFluorine
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Al SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Al AlumotantiteAlTaO4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ca HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
TiTitanium
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SnTin
Sn Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Sn FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
CsCaesium
Cs Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
BaBarium
Ba UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
CeCerium
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Ta FoorditeSn2+(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
Ta SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Ta AlumotantiteAlTaO4
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ta CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
Ta WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Ta LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
Ta HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ta LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
PbLead
Pb Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Pb Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
Pb Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Tonian : 938.8 ± 5.1 Ma to 934 ± 5.9 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Tonian
ⓘ Muscovite (youngest age)934 ± 5.9 Ma
ⓘ Muscovite (oldest age)938.8 ± 5.1 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3308219

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Plutonic and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Ectasian - Paleoproterozoic
1200 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185174
Paleoproterozoic-Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1200 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Buttgenbach, H. (1933) La thoreaulite, nouvelle espéce minérale. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 56, 327-328.
Kristiansen, R. (2001) Sjeldne tantalniobater fra Sentral-Afrika. eksotiske minerallokaliteter II (Exotic mineral-locations II). STEIN, 28(2), 21-28 [notes on thoreaulite and cesplumtantite].
Dewaele, S., Hulsbosch, N., Cryns, Y., Boyce, A., Burgess, R., & Muchez, P. (2016). Geological setting and timing of the world-class Sn, Nb–Ta and Li mineralization of Manono-Kitotolo (Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo). Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 373-390.

External Links



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