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Kabwe Mine (Broken Hill Mine), Kabwe (Broken Hill), Kabwe District, Central Province, Zambia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 14° 27' 19'' South , 28° 26' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -14.45528,28.43360
GeoHash:G#: ktkjz02xy
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate


A lead-zinc-silver mine opened in 1906. Closure about 1989. Produced about a quarter million tons of ore per year.

The stratabound Zn-Pb ore comprises massive, breccia and replacement sulphides within carbonate rocks marking the transition from Lower Roan to Upper Roan.

Located 1 km south-west of the town centre. Known to be one of the 10 worst polluted places in the world due mostly to heavy metal tailings entering the water supply.


Mineral List


51 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3308923

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3193265
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 870, 917.
Notebaart, C.W. and Korowki, S.P. (1980) Famous mineral localities: The Broken Hill mine (Zambia). Mineralogical Record, 11(6), 339-348.
Mining Annual Review (1985) 430 and 432.
Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Kamona, A.F. and Friedrich, G.H. (2007) Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Mondillo, N., Herrington, R., Boyce, A., Wilkinson, C., Santoro, L., and Rumsey, M. (2018) Critical elements in non-sulfide Zn deposits: a reanalysis of the Kabwe Zn-Pb ores (central Zambia); Mineralogical Magazine v. 82, n. 1, p. 89-114.

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