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Kabwe Mine (Broken Hill Mine), Kabwe (Broken Hill), Kabwe, Central Province, Zambiai
Regional Level Types
Kabwe Mine (Broken Hill Mine)Mine
Kabwe (Broken Hill)- not defined -
KabweDistrict
Central ProvinceProvince
ZambiaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
14° 27' 19'' South , 28° 26' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kabwe188,979 (2011)1.7km
Chibombo4,477 (2014)45.0km


A lead-zinc-silver mine opened in 1906. Closure about 1989. Produced about a quarter million tons of ore per year.

The stratabound Zn-Pb ore comprises massive, breccia and replacement sulphides within carbonate rocks marking the transition from Lower Roan to Upper Roan.

Located 1 km south-west of the town centre. Known to be one of the 10 worst polluted places in the world due mostly to heavy metal tailings entering the water supply.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


51 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Briartite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Reference: Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 205, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 814, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 736, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 736, 870.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 12:394, 11:346-347]
Libethenite var: Zincian Libethenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 11:346]
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 870.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Malachite var: Zincian Malachite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 814; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.
Parahopeite (TL)
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nature (1907) 77, 143; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.
Parascholzite
Formula: CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Joe Cilen
Phosphophyllite
Formula: Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Geological Survey, Lusaka:XRD 1975
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.
Renierite
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Reference: Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Scholzite
Formula: CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 736, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 179, 339.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Spencerite
Formula: Zn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Braithwaite R.S.W., Spencerite from Kabwe, Zambia, and the infrared spectroscopy of Kabwe zinc phosphates, MinMag, March 1988, vol.82, pp.126-9.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Tarbuttite (TL)
Formula: Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Nature (1907) 76, 215; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 736, 870.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 736, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 347.
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 917.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Colour: White, pale pastel green
Reference: Mineralogical Record (1980): 11: 347-348.; Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: [MinRec 11:347]
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: [MinRec 11:339]
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: [MinRec 12:394]
Zincolibethenite (TL)
Formula: CuZn(PO4)(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. G. Pritchard, W. H. Paar & R. A. D. Pattrick (2005): A new mineral, zincolibethenite, CuZnPO4OH, a stoichiometric species of specific site occupancy. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 145-153; Am Min 90:1950

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Briartite2.KA.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Renierite2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
var: Zincian Malachite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Hopeite8.CA.30Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
var: Zincian Libethenite8.BB.30(Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Parahopeite (TL)8.CA.70Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Parascholzite8.CA.45CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Phosphophyllite8.CA.40Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scholzite8.CA.45CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Spencerite8.DA.40Zn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Tarbuttite (TL)8.BB.35Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Zincolibethenite (TL)8.BB.30CuZn(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Briartite2.9.2.3Cu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Renierite2.9.4.1(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Parascholzite40.2.5.1CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Phosphophyllite40.2.7.1Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Scholzite40.2.6.1CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hopeite40.3.4.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Parahopeite (TL)40.3.3.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Tarbuttite (TL)41.6.7.1Zn2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Veszelyite42.2.3.1(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Spencerite42.6.4.2Zn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Libethenite
var: Zincian Libethenite
-(Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Malachite
var: Zincian Malachite
-(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2
Zincolibethenite (TL)-CuZn(PO4)(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
H ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
H HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Libethenite (var: Zincian Libethenite)(Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
H PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Malachite (var: Zincian Malachite)(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
CCarbon
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Malachite (var: Zincian Malachite)(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
O ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ZinciteZnO
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Libethenite (var: Zincian Libethenite)(Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
O PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Malachite (var: Zincian Malachite)(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
P ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P Libethenite (var: Zincian Libethenite)(Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
P Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
P PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
S BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Fe BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Libethenite (var: Zincian Libethenite)(Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
Cu Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Cu BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Malachite (var: Zincian Malachite)(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
Zn ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn ZinciteZnO
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Libethenite (var: Zincian Libethenite)(Cu,Zn)2(PO4)(OH)
Zn Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Zn SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
Zn PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Malachite (var: Zincian Malachite)(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
GeGermanium
Ge Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Ge BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4
AsArsenic
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3308923

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3193265
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 870, 917.
Notebaart, C.W. and Korowki, S.P. (1980) Famous mineral localities: The Broken Hill mine (Zambia). Mineralogical Record, 11(6), 339-348.
Mining Annual Review (1985) 430 and 432.
Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Kamona, A.F. and Friedrich, G.H. (2007) Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Mondillo, N., Herrington, R., Boyce, A., Wilkinson, C., Santoro, L., and Rumsey, M. (2018) Critical elements in non-sulfide Zn deposits: a reanalysis of the Kabwe Zn-Pb ores (central Zambia); Mineralogical Magazine v. 82, n. 1, p. 89-114.
Southwood, M., Cairncross, B. and Rumsey, M. (2019). Minerals of Kabwe mine ("Broken Hill"), mine, Central Province, Zambia. Rocks & Minerals. 94(2), 114-148.

External Links



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