Kabwe Mine (Broken Hill Mine), Kabwe (Broken Hill), Kabwe District, Central Province, Zambia
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||14° 27' 19'' South , 28° 26' 0'' East|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||-14.45528,28.43360|
|Köppen climate type:||Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate|
A lead-zinc-silver mine opened in 1906. Closure about 1989. Produced about a quarter million tons of ore per year.
The stratabound Zn-Pb ore comprises massive, breccia and replacement sulphides within carbonate rocks marking the transition from Lower Roan to Upper Roan.
Located 1 km south-west of the town centre. Known to be one of the 10 worst polluted places in the world due mostly to heavy metal tailings entering the water supply.
51 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
2500 - 4000 Ma
|Archean intrusive and metamorphic terranes|
Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)
Comments: Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.
Lithology: Intrusive and metamorphic terranes
Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. 
Notebaart, C.W. and Korowki, S.P. (1980) "Famous mineral localities: The Broken Hill mine (Zambia)." Mineralogical Record, 11(6), 339-348.
Mining Annual Review (1985) 430 & 432.
Kamona, A.F., Lévêque, J., Friedrich, G., and Haack, U. (1999) Lead isotopes of the carbonate-hosted Kabwe, Tsumeb, and Kipushi Pb-Zn-Cu sulphide deposits in relation to Pan African orogenesis in the Damaran-Lufilian Fold Belt of Central Africa. Mineralium Deposita 34, 273-283.
Kamona, A. F. & Friedrich, G. H. (2007) Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Kabwe carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn deposit, Central Zambia. Ore Geology Reviews 30, 217-243.
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009) Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.