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Bikita pegmatite, Bikita area, Masvingo, Zimbabwei
Regional Level Types
Bikita pegmatitePegmatite
Bikita areaArea
MasvingoProvince
ZimbabweCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
19° 57' 47'' South , 31° 25' 39'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


A Li-Sn-Cs rich pegmatite located 40 miles E of Fort Victoria.

Total ore reserve claimed at over 11 million tons, in production for over 60 years, producing and marketing over 60,000 tonnes of Li and Cs ore per year. (Ref: private communication from CEO of Bikita Minerals, 3rd April 2007 - J. Ralph)

The largest Petalite deposit in the world.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt collection; http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Bijvoetite-(Y)
Formula: Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Bikitaite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Reference: Fernando Brederodes specimen photo ID 629137
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Southern Rhodesia Geological Survey (1959). Tantalum and Niobium. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 4
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Hafnon
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Simpsonite
Formula: Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Reference: Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Southern Rhodesia Geological Survey (1959). Tantalum and Niobium. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 4
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
Zabuyelite
Formula: Li2CO3
Description: Found in fluid inclusions in spodumene.
Reference: Anderson, A. J., Clark, A. H., & Gray, S. (2001). The occurrence and origin of zabuyelite (Li2CO3) in spodumene-hosted fluid inclusions: implications for the internal evolution of rare-element granitic pegmatites. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(6), 1513-1527.
'Zinnwaldite'
Reference: http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Simpsonite4.DC.10Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bijvoetite-(Y)5.EB.20Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Zabuyelite5.AA.05Li2CO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bikitaite9.GD.55LiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Hafnon9.AD.30HfSiO4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Miscellaneous
Simpsonite8.7.5.1Al4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Zabuyelite14.1.6.2Li2CO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bijvoetite-(Y)16b.2.4.1Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Amblygonite41.5.8.1LiAl(PO4)F
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Eucryptite51.1.1.3LiAlSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Hafnon51.5.2.2HfSiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Zeolite group - related species
Bikitaite77.2.1.1LiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
H BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
LiLithium
Li EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Li AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
OOxygen
O Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
O EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O ZabuyeliteLi2CO3
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O HafnonHfSiO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
FFluorine
F AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Al BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si EucryptiteLiAlSiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si HafnonHfSiO4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MnManganese
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
CuCopper
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
YYttrium
Y Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
NbNiobium
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S13
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
HfHafnium
Hf HafnonHfSiO4
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
UUranium
U Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Tyndale-Biscoe, R. (1951) The geology of the Bikita tin-field, Southern Rhodesia. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 54, 11-23.
Southern Rhodesia Geological Survey (1959) Tantalum and Niobium. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 4.
Gallagher, M.J. (1967) Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine, 36(277), 50-59.
Tschernich, Rudy W. (1992) Zeolites of the World.
Anderson, A.J., Clark, A.H., Gray, S. (2001) The occurrence and origin of zabuyelite (Li2CO3) in spodumene-hosted fluid inclusions: implications for the internal evolution of rare-element granitic pegmatites, The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(6), 1513-1527.
Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P.B., Chapman, R. (2003) Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
CEO of Bikita Minerals (2007) Private communication to Jolyon Ralph, Mindat (3 April 2007).

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bikita_mine
Wikidata ID:Q16254733

External Links


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