SUPPORT US. If is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Ash Peak Mines (Hardy Mine; Goldfield Extension Mine; Commerce and Shamrock Mine; Shamrock shaft; Ash Peak Extension Mine; Patented claim MS 3076a), Duncan, Ash Peak District (Twin Peaks District), Greenlee Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Ash Peak Mines (Hardy Mine; Goldfield Extension Mine; Commerce and Shamrock Mine; Shamrock shaft; Ash Peak Extension Mine; Patented claim MS 3076a)Group of Mines
Duncan- not defined -
Ash Peak District (Twin Peaks District)Mining District
Greenlee Co.County

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 45' 47'' North , 109° 15' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Nearest Settlements:
Duncan799 (2017)15.0km
York557 (2011)15.4km
Virden137 (2017)25.4km
San Jose506 (2011)31.8km
Clifton3,685 (2017)32.2km

A former surface and underground Ag-Au-Cu-Pb-Mn-silica mine located in the SE¼ sec. 3, the NW¼ sec. 11, and in secs. 2 & 10, T8S, R30E (location noted on the Guthrie and York Valley quadrangles), 0.75 mile NE of Ash Peak; 0.5 mile S of highway 70; 8 miles WNW of Duncan, on BLM-administered land. The property consists of 5 patented lode claims totalling 70.5 acres, and 27 additional unpatented claims. Discovered 1900. Produced 1905-1970. The Shamrock shaft was the main shaft on the Ask Peak claims. Owned by the Ash Peak Mines, Inc. Operated by the Arizona Flux Mines, Inc., Duncan, AZ (1986). Additional historical owners included E.E. Lewis; Arizona Title and Trust Co; Phoenix Title and Trust Co; Arthur Murphy and Associates; Veta Mines Inc; Goldfield Consolidated Mines Co; and the Arizona Anaconda Copper Mining Co. Past operators included E.E. Lewis Inc (subsidiary of Beaver Mesa Uranium Inc); John R. Peeso; Glen A. Smith; Howard Mottier and Dan Mayne; the International Smelting and Refining Co of Miami AZ; International Smelter of Inspiration AZ; Ash Peak lease; H.V. Snell; I.S. James; J.L. Anderson; R.Z. McKown; E.J. Marston; and Rush and Lines (1970).

The patented calims are the Commerce, Summit, Homestead, Great Eastern, Fraction (lode claims), and the Shamrock (placer claim). Additional names possibly related to this group of claims are: Fran; Hell Fire; Lewis, Inc.; Lone Camp; Pospohola and Dankworth; Ribble and Daniels; Six Plus Mining Co.; Arthur Murphy; Arizona Anaconda Copper Co.; Beaver Mesa Uranium, Inc.; Black Beauty; Crow; Cougar; and Grand Duc.

Mineralization is a tabular and narrow ore body at 3218 meters long and 6.1 meters wide, striking N60W, and dipping 80NE, hosted in diabase, rhyolite and basalt and comprised of 3 parallel veins which stand almost vertically. The ore shoots are fairly continuous and consistent in grade. Associated rock unit is Tertiary volcanic flows. Ore control was NW-trending veins tat follow a fault fissure of about 100 feet vertical displacement. Ore concentration is mineralization along fissure veins. Ore decreases in grade from the dike toward the footwall and is essentially a primary sulphide. Alteration is quartz mineralization altered and cemented fault brecciqa; further faulting was followed by further mineralization and alteration of fault breccia.

Area structures include a diabase dike that follows the hanging wall of the fissure vein and separates vein material from the hanging wall of the fault. The diabase fractures easily and has made it difficult to mine the subjacent ores cleanly. fault fissure shears the Tertiary tuffs/flows and forms hogbacks in places.

The first andesite flows, which overlie the uppermost limestone formations, vary in texture from porphyritic to aphanitic and from the original breccia in the fault fissure. The porphryitic phase has been more readily converted into ore than the aphanitic phase. Continued faulting along the original zig-zagged fissure resulted in formation of enormous ore lenses along the fault plane.

Tectonic components are Ask Peak and the transition zone between the Basin and Range and Colorado Plateau Provinces.

1938 analysis: 10.97 oz/t Ag; 0.025 oz/t Au; 85.8% SiO2; 0.045% S; 3.21% Fe2O3; 3.28% Al2O3; 5.07% CaO; 0.45% Mn.

Workings total 1879.7 meters long and 304.8 meters deep. Developments included the Commonwealth shaft; the Hardy shaft of 700 feet depth; the Shamrock shaft of 1000 feet of depth; the Commerce shaft of 500 feet of depth and connected with the Shamrock shaft. A vein open pit extends SE from the Commerce shaft. Lateral cross-cuts were driven every 100 feet on the Shamrock shaft; 11000 feet of drifting along the vein; and diamond drilling to 1400 feet depth. The Shamrock is an 80 degree inclined shaft in the vein footwall and is 2000 feet away from the Commerce shaft on ground level. There was also 1500 feet LF long-hole exploration drilling. 2 millsites totalling 9 acres were also installed.

A source of siliceous fluxing ore for use in Southwest copper smelters. Production from open pit equals 90% of total. Silica flux ore includes both underground and open pit reserves. Tailings number is also included in the reserves.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: Ag2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10048297, MRDS ID #M800429.
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Description: Massive.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 124.
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10048297, MRDS ID #M800429.
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10048297, MRDS ID #M800429.
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10048297, MRDS ID #M800429.
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10048297, MRDS ID #M800429.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aurorite4.FL.20(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Aurorite7.8.2.2(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

H Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
S AcanthiteAg2S
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
Ca Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Mn Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Ag Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

2.588 - 5.333 Ma

ID: 3192320
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Tortonian - Bartonian
7.246 - 41.3 Ma

ID: 2957029
Middle Miocene to Oligocene volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (7.246 - 41.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Peach Springs Tuff; Apache Leap Tuff

Description: Lava, tuff, fine-grained intrusive rock, and diverse pyroclastic rocks. These compositionally variable volcanic rocks include basalt, andesite, dacite, and rhyolite. Thick felsic volcanic sequences form prominent cliffs and range fronts in the Black (Mohave County), Superstition, Kofa, Eagletail, Galiuro, and Chiricahua Mountains. This unit includes regionally extensive ash-flow tuffs, such as the Peach Springs tuff of northwestern Arizona and the Apache Leap tuff east of Phoenix. Most volcanic rocks are 20-30 Ma in southeastern Arizona and 15 to 25 Ma in central and western Arizona, but this unit includes some late Eocene rocks near the New Mexico border in east-central Arizona. (11-38 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{basalt,andesite,dacite}, Minor:{rhyolite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Niemuth, N.J. (1987), Arizona Mineral Development 1984-1986, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Directory 29.
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.
Peirce, H. Wesley (1990), Arizona Geological Survey Industrial Minerals card file.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 124.
USGS Professional Paper 1200-AZ.
US Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7119.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mining Technology production file data.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources file data, Ask Peak Mine, Ash Peak Silica Mine, Hardy Mine files.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Sheet #851.
U.S. Bureau of Mines files - Shamrock shaft, Ask Peak Mines.
USGS Guthrie Quadrangle map.
Yale Peabody GNIS database (NOTE: this database is derived from USGS 1:24,000 topographic map data).
MRDS database Dep. ID #10048297, MRDS ID #M800429; and Dep. ID #10209827, MAS ID #0040110163; and Dep. ID #10234979, AS ID #0040110063.

USGS MRDS Record:10048297
This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 21, 2019 10:59:02 Page generated: April 30, 2019 14:25:44
Go to top of page