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Grib pipe, Verkhotina occurrence, Zimny Bereg kimberlite field, Zimny Bereg District, Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Grib pipePipe
Verkhotina occurrenceOccurrence
Zimny Bereg kimberlite field- not defined -
Zimny Bereg DistrictDistrict
Arkhangelsk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 65° 20' 27'' North , 41° 2' 31'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 65.34100,41.04200
GeoHash:G#: ugt5tyvyg
Locality type:Pipe
Age:372 ± 8 Ma
Geologic Time:Late Devonian
Dating method:Rb–Sr age of porphyritic kimberlite
Reference for age:Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate


Kimberlite with diamond grades of around 0.7 ct/t (70 to 80 US$/ct).
The pipe was discovered in 1996 and exploration was completed in 2002.
Located 115 km northeast of Arkhangel'sk.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Diamond
Formula: C
Colour: clear, green
Reference: Rubanova, E. V., Palazhchenko, O. V., & Garanin, V. K. (2009). Diamonds from the V. Grib pipe, Arkhangelsk kimberlite province, Russia. Lithos, 112, 880-885.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Rubanova, E. V., Palazhchenko, O. V., & Garanin, V. K. (2009). Diamonds from the V. Grib pipe, Arkhangelsk kimberlite province, Russia. Lithos, 112, 880-885.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kostrovitsky, S. I., Malkovets, V. G., Verichev, E. M., Garanin, V. K., & Suvorova, L. V. (2004). Megacrysts from the Grib kimberlite pipe (Arkhangelsk province, Russia). Lithos, 77(1), 511-523.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Ilmenite var: Picroilmenite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kostrovitsky, S. I., Malkovets, V. G., Verichev, E. M., Garanin, V. K., & Suvorova, L. V. (2004). Megacrysts from the Grib kimberlite pipe (Arkhangelsk province, Russia). Lithos, 77(1), 511-523.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Golubkova, A. B., Nosova, A. A., & Larionova, Y. O. (2013). Mg-ilmenite megacrysts from the Arkhangelsk kimberlites, Russia: genesis and interaction with kimberlite melt and postkimberlite fluid. Geochemistry International, 51(5), 353-381.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kostrovitsky, S. I., Malkovets, V. G., Verichev, E. M., Garanin, V. K., & Suvorova, L. V. (2004). Megacrysts from the Grib kimberlite pipe (Arkhangelsk province, Russia). Lithos, 77(1), 511-523.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Rubanova, E. V., Palazhchenko, O. V., & Garanin, V. K. (2009). Diamonds from the V. Grib pipe, Arkhangelsk kimberlite province, Russia. Lithos, 112, 880-885.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Qandilite
Formula: (Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Reference: Golubkova, A. B., Nosova, A. A., & Larionova, Y. O. (2013). Mg-ilmenite megacrysts from the Arkhangelsk kimberlites, Russia: genesis and interaction with kimberlite melt and postkimberlite fluid. Geochemistry International, 51(5), 353-381.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.; Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Picroilmenite4.CB.05(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Qandilite4.BB.05(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Qandilite7.2.5.1(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Ilmenite
var: Picroilmenite
-(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
NaSodium
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
AlAluminium
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
SiSilicon
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Ilmenite (var: Picroilmenite)(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Qandilite(Mg,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+,Al)O4
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian - Carboniferous
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3188404
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Moscovian
307 - 315.2 Ma



ID: 641026
Sedimentary; Carbonate

Age: Pennsylvanian (307 - 315.2 Ma)

Description: East European Platform, Ural Mountains, Russian Plate

Comments: Sedimentary basin; Petrov et al., unpublished compilation, 2007-08

Lithology: Limestone, dolostone, shale, evaporites, chalk; carbonate reefs;

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3161259
East European plate-Baltic region

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kostrovitsky, S. I., Malkovets, V. G., Verichev, E. M., Garanin, V. K., & Suvorova, L. V. (2004). Megacrysts from the Grib kimberlite pipe (Arkhangelsk Province, Russia). Lithos, 77(1-4), 511-523.
Kononova, V.A., Golubeva, Y.Y., Bogatikov, O.A., and Kargin, A.V. (2007): Diamond Resource Potential of Kimberlites from the Zimny Bereg Field, Arkhangel’sk Oblast. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 421-441.
Sazonova, L. V., Nosova, A. A., Kargin, A. V., Borisovskiy, S. E., Tretyachenko, V. V., Abazova, Z. M., & Griban, Y. G. (2015). Olivine from the Pionerskaya and V. Grib kimberlite pipes, Arkhangelsk diamond province, Russia: types, composition, and origin. Petrology, 23(3), 227-258.
Kargin, A. V., Sazonova, L. V., Nosova, A. A., & Tretyachenko, V. V. (2016). Composition of garnet and clinopyroxene in peridotite xenoliths from the Grib kimberlite pipe, Arkhangelsk diamond province, Russia: Evidence for mantle metasomatism associated with kimberlite melts. Lithos, 262, 442-455.
Kargin, A. V., Sazonova, L. V., Nosova, A. A., Pervov, V. A., Minevrina, E. V., Khvostikov, V. A., & Burmii, Z. P. (2017). Sheared peridotite xenolith from the V. Grib kimberlite pipe, Arkhangelsk Diamond Province, Russia: texture, composition, and origin. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 653-669.
Shchukina, E. V., Agashev, A. M., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2017). Metasomatic origin of garnet xenocrysts from the V. Grib kimberlite pipe, Arkhangelsk region, NW Russia. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 641-651.


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