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Cempaka diamond fields, Riam Kanan, South Kalimantan Province, Kalimantan (Borneo), Indonesiai
Regional Level Types
Cempaka diamond fields- not defined -
Riam Kanan- not defined -
South Kalimantan ProvinceProvince
Kalimantan (Borneo)Region
IndonesiaCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 3° 30' 53'' South , 114° 50' 2'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -3.51496,114.83408
GeoHash:G#: qx3sj05eu
Köppen climate type:Af : Tropical rainforest climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Martapura131,449 (2013)12.0km
Banjarmasin572,837 (2017)34.6km


Alluvial diamond (and gold) mining using traditional means and methods.

Located about 47 km from Banjarmasin (capital of South Kalimantan), or about 7 km from downtown Banjarbaru. The diamond fields of Cempaka are spread mostly around Sungai Tiung county with two of the most renowned fields being Pumpung and Ujung Murung.

Regions containing this locality

Sunda PlateTectonic Plate
BorneoIsland

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

11 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Ballas'
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Monument, A. T., & Province, A. GEOHERITAGE OF SUMATERA. Front cover photograph:-Granite at Low’s Peak, Kinabalu Mountain, Malaysia. Back cover photographs:-(anti-clockwise from top left) 1. Peak clusters at Yuntaishan Geopark, China. 2. Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. 3. Columnar basalts at San-in Coast, Japan., 61.; White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Monument, A. T., & Province, A. GEOHERITAGE OF SUMATERA. Front cover photograph:-Granite at Low’s Peak, Kinabalu Mountain, Malaysia. Back cover photographs:-(anti-clockwise from top left) 1. Peak clusters at Yuntaishan Geopark, China. 2. Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. 3. Columnar basalts at San-in Coast, Japan., 61.
Diamond
Formula: C
Colour: cobalt blue, colorless, brown, yellow, green
Description: to 66.5 carats
Reference: HIDAYAT, T., & Setiawan, I. B. (2009). Dampak perubahan lingkungan sungai terhadap kondisi sosial ekonomi petani di Kelurahan Bangkal Kecamatan Cempaka Kota Banjarbaru (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada).; Monument, A. T., & Province, A. GEOHERITAGE OF SUMATERA. Front cover photograph:-Granite at Low’s Peak, Kinabalu Mountain, Malaysia. Back cover photographs:-(anti-clockwise from top left) 1. Peak clusters at Yuntaishan Geopark, China. 2. Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. 3. Columnar basalts at San-in Coast, Japan., 61; http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/922/the-cempaka-diamond-fields
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Observed and acchived at the mine by P. Andresen, 1992.; Monument, A. T., & Province, A. GEOHERITAGE OF SUMATERA. Front cover photograph:-Granite at Low’s Peak, Kinabalu Mountain, Malaysia. Back cover photographs:-(anti-clockwise from top left) 1. Peak clusters at Yuntaishan Geopark, China. 2. Merapi Volcano, Indonesia. 3. Columnar basalts at San-in Coast, Japan., 61.; http://www.indonesia.travel/en/destination/922/the-cempaka-diamond-fields; White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Observed and acchived at the mine by P. Andresen, 1992.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Observed and acchived at the mine by P. Andresen, 1992.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Ballas'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Ballas'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
AlAluminium
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Cretaceous - Middle Triassic
100.5 - 247.2 Ma



ID: 3193215
Mesozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (100.5 - 247.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Alino Formation

Lithology: Mafic-intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
White, L. T., Graham, I., Tanner, D., Hall, R., Armstrong, R. A., Yaxley, G., ... & van Leeuwen, T. M. (2016). The provenance of Borneo's enigmatic alluvial diamonds: A case study from Cempaka, SE Kalimantan. Gondwana Research, 38, 251-272.

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Localities in this Region
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