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Colomera meteorite, Benalúa de las Villas, Granada, Andalusia, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Colomera meteoriteMeteorite Fall Location
Benalúa de las Villas- not defined -
Granada- not defined -
AndalusiaAutonomous Community
SpainCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 25' 59'' North , 3° 38' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.43333,-3.65000
GeoHash:G#: eytkuyw0u
Locality type:Meteorite Fall Location
Meteorite Class:IIE iron meteorite
Meteoritical Society Class:Iron, IIE
Metbull:View entry in Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Benalúa de las Villas1,386 (2012)3.0km
Campotéjar1,410 (2018)6.1km
Montillana1,300 (2012)7.9km
Colomera1,544 (2012)8.9km
Noalejo2,161 (2012)10.8km


Found 1912. Iron meteorite (octahedrite), medium, with silicate inclusions (IIE).
Weight 134 kg.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Meteorite/Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Reference: Prinz, M., Nehru, C. E., Delaney, J. S., Weisberg, M., & Olsen, E. (1983, March). Globular silicate inclusions in IIE irons and Sombrerete: Highly fractionated minimum melts. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 14, pp. 618-619).
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Prinz, M., Nehru, C. E., Delaney, J. S., Weisberg, M., & Olsen, E. (1983, March). Globular silicate inclusions in IIE irons and Sombrerete: Highly fractionated minimum melts. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 14, pp. 618-619).
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
'Glass'
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: AM 54 (1969), 14;
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
'Nickel-iron'
Reference: www.meteoriticalsociety.org/bulletin/mb78.html
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
'Silica'
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.; Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
Yagiite (TL)
Formula: (Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
Type Locality:
Reference: [AM 54 (1969), 14; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p233]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Armalcolite4.CB.15(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Yagiite (TL)9.CM.05(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Nickel-iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Silica'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
AB2X5
Armalcolite7.7.1.2(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Yagiite (TL)63.2.1a.10(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Glass'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Nickel-iron'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Silica'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
OOxygen
O Yagiite(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O TridymiteSiO2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O RutileTiO2
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
NaSodium
Na Yagiite(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Yagiite(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
AlAluminium
Al Yagiite(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Yagiite(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
PPhosphorus
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
SSulfur
S TroiliteFeS
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Yagiite(Na,K)3Mg4(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)24O60
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
Fe Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
NiNickel
Ni Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Messinian
5.333 - 7.246 Ma



ID: 2506523

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 7.246 Ma)

Description: Conglomerate, sand, reefs, yellow silt, gypsum and haloids. Conglomerate, sand and limestone

Lithology: Sandstone, conglomerate, clay; limestone and evaporites

Reference: Mapa Geológico de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias a escala 1:1.000.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. [77]

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3186176
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3150959
Germano-Andaluz

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Description: salt diapirism

Lithology: Major:{mud}, Minor{sandstone,dolomite/dolostone,evaporites}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Mineralogy and Petrology of Silicate Inclusions in Iron Meteorites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.


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