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Tanzaniai
Regional Level Types
TanzaniaCountry

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Geological map of Tanzania

Tanzania
Snows of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Geological map of Tanzania

Tanzania
Snows of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Geological map of Tanzania

Tanzania
Name in French:Tanzanie
Name in German:Tansania
Name in Italian:Tanzania
Name in Russian:Танзания
Name in Simplified Chinese:坦桑尼亚
Name in Spanish:Tanzania
Name in Afrikaans:Tanzanië
Name in Albanian:Tanzania
Name in Arabic:تنزانيا
Name in Belarusian:Танзанія
Name in Bulgarian:Танзания
Name in Catalan:Tanzània
Name in Czech:Tanzanie
Name in Danish:Tanzania
Name in Dutch:Tanzania
Name in Estonian:Tansaania
Name in Farsi/Persian:تانزانیا
Name in Finnish:Tansania
Name in Galician:Tanzania
Name in Greek:Τανζανία
Name in Hebrew:טנזניה
Name in Hindi:तंज़ानिया
Name in Hungarian:Tanzánia
Name in Icelandic:Tansanía
Name in Indonesian:Tanzania
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Tansáin
Name in Japanese:タンザニア
Name in Korean:탄자니아
Name in Latvian:Tanzānija
Name in Lithuanian:Tanzanija
Name in Macedonian:Танзанија
Name in Norwegian:Tanzania
Name in Polish:Tanzania
Name in Portuguese:Tanzânia
Name in Romanian:Tanzania
Name in Serbian:Танзанија
Name in Slovak:Tanzánia
Name in Slovenian:Tanzanija
Name in Swahili:Tanzania
Name in Swedish:Tanzania
Name in Tagalog:Tanzania
Name in Thai:ประเทศแทนซาเนีย
Name in Turkish:Tanzanya
Name in Ukrainian:Танзанія
Name in Vietnamese:Tanzania
Name in Welsh:Tanzania
Area:947,303 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Dar es Salaam2,698,652 (2016)
Mwanza436,801 (2016)
Zanzibar403,658 (2016)
Arusha341,136 (2016)
Mbeya291,649 (2016)
Morogoro250,902 (2016)


Tanzania is divided into 31 regions (mkoa in Swahili), which in turn are subdivided into districts (wilaya in Swahili). There were 169 districts in 2012.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

252 valid minerals. 14 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 1057-1065.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mike Keim (analysed specimen)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zwaan, P. C., & Zwaan, P. C. (1974). Garnet, corundum and other gem minerals from Umba, Tanzania. Rijksmuseum van Geologie en Mineralogie.
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: Van King
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Alumoåkermanite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7)
Type Locality:
Reference: Wiedenmann, D., Zaitsev A.N., Britvin S.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Keller, J. (2009): Alumoåkermanite, (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7), a new mineral from the active carbonatite-nephelinite-phonolite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 373-384.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1366-87
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: J. Petrology 45,1959-1981(2004)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/other.htm; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Wiedenmann D, Zaitsev A N, Britvin S N, Krivovichev S V, Keller J (2009) Alumoåkermanite, (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7), a new mineral from the active carbonatite-nephelinite-phonolite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 373-384
'Andradite-Schorlomite Series'
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3 - Ca3Ti4+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zaitseva, E.O. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, northern Tanzania. Eifel-Symposium 2012, "Variability and complexity of minerals and their synthetic analogues of the Vulkaneifel and related provinces”, Christian Albrechts University, Kiel, 23.04. - 30.04.2012.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Kühn, S. & Germann, K. (1992): Metallogenetisches Modell für die an eine archaische Eisenformation gebundene Gold-Sulfid-Vererzung von Geita, Tansania. Z. angew. Geol. 38, 105-106.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Schwaighofer, B., & Müller, H. W. (1987). Mineralogy and genesis of the Pugu Hill kaolin deposit, Tanzania. Clay Minerals, 22(4), 401-409.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Stern, W.B. (1969) On the chemical composition of anorthoclase from Mt. Kibo/Kilimanjaro (Tanzania). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 20, 198-202; Dawson, J.B., Hinton, R.W., Steele, I.M. (2008) The composition of anorthoclase and nepheline in Mount Kenya phonolite and Kilimanjaro trachyte, and crystal-glass partitioning of elements. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 6, 1455-1464.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Mitchell, R.H. (2006) Mineralogy of stalactites formed by subaerial weathering of natrocarbonatite hornitos at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 437-444
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Simonoff J., Wise M (2012) A closer Look at Merelani Minerals. Mineral News Vol 28 No 2.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Manega, Paul C. & Bieda, Sophie (1987): Modern sediments of Lake Natron, Tanzania. Sciences Geologiques, Bulletin 40, 83-95.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Description: In olivine melilite lava.
Reference: Lee, C.T., Rudnick, R.L., McDonough, W.F., Horn, I. (2000) Petrologic and geochemical investigation of carbonates in peridotite xenoliths from northeastern Tanzania. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 139, 470-484.
Axinite-(Mg) (TL)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Fluorescence: Red
Reference: P Bongaerts collection; Mineralogical Record (2009) 40: 347-408; Jaszczak, John (2014), Mineralogical Miracles at Merelani, presentation to the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.; Zaitsev, A. N. (2010). Nyerereite from calcite carbonatite at the Kerimasi volcano, northern Tanzania. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 630-640.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Barytolamprophyllite
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: McKie,D. (1962): Goyazite and florencite from two African carbonatites. Mineralogical Magazine. 33, 281-297
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Brian Mason (1962). Meteorites. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.: New York & London. 274 pages.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Henry Hanni (1987) On Corundums from Umba Valley, Tanzania. J. Gemm. 20:278-284.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Cabriite
Formula: Pd2CuSn
Reference: Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Zaitsev, A.N., Chakhmouradian, A.R., Siidra, O.I., Spratt, J., Williams, C.T., Stanley, C.J., Petrov, S.V., Britvin, S.N., Polyakova, E.A. (2011): Fluorine-, yttrium- and lanthanide-rich cerianite-(Ce) from carbonatitic rocks of the Kerimasi volcano and surrounding explosion craters, Gregory Rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, (in press).
'Chabazite'
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Description: In quartz trachytes.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 66, N. 2, 1st April 2002, pp. 287-299.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Lawley, C.J.M., Selby, D., Condon, D., Imber, J. (2014) Palaeoproterozoic orogenic gold style mineralization at the Southwestern Archaean Tanzanian cratonic margin, Lupa Goldfield, SW Tanzania: implications from U–Pb titanite geochronology. Gondwana Research, 26 (3-4). 1141-1158.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysoberyl var: Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: Graetsch, H. A. (2011): Microstructure and origin of colour of chrysoprase from Haneti (Tanzania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 188, 111-117.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Harrison et al., Mineralogical Record 45:553-570 (2014).
'Clays'
Reference: Dongchao Yang, Desheng Bai, and Qiong Cao (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(4), 1-8
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Maaskant, P., Coolen, J. J. M., & Burke, E. A. J. (1980). Hibonite and coexisting zoisite and clinozoisite in a calc-silicate granulite from southern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 43(332), 995-1003.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Barrie, C. T., Samson, I., Price, M., Kjarsgaard, I., & Livesey, T. (2010) Metal Dispersion Halo Surrounding the Kabanga North Ni-Cu-Co Deposit, Western Tanzania. 11th International Platinum Symposium; Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Harrison et al., Mineralogical Record 45:553-570 (2014).
Combeite
Formula: Na4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/other.htm; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Wiedenmann D, Zaitsev A N, Britvin S N, Krivovichev S V, Keller J (2009) Alumoåkermanite, (Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7), a new mineral from the active carbonatite-nephelinite-phonolite volcano Oldoinyo Lengai, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 373-384
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Padparadscha
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Henn, U., Bank, H., & Bank, F. H. (1990). Red and orange corundum (ruby and padparadscha) from Malawi. Journal of Gemmology, 22(2), 83-89.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Star Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Van King
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: Hintze, J. (2010): Safari njema - Afrikanisches Tagebuch (I): Die gelben Danburite von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 25-28 (in German).; Radl, W. & Weiß, S. (2010): Gelber Danburit - ein neuer Edelstein von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 28-31 (in German).
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1366-87
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Hintze, J. (2010): Safari ndjema - Afrikanisches Tagebuch (II): Rubin in Zoisit - ein Klassiker aus Longido in Tansania. Lapis 35 (12), 15-19 (in German)
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Reference: Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Shows the so called Usambara effect, with hue changing from green to red with increases in path length of light through the material.
Reference: Journal of Gemmology 1999, Volume 26 No. 6, 386-96
Elbaite var: Chromian Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: Shows the so called Usambara effect, with hue changing from green to red with increases in path length of light through the material.
Reference: Journal of Gemmology 1999, Volume 26 No. 6, 386-96
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lomthong, P. (2004) Characteristics of some Corundum from Songea Deposit, Tanzania.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: John A. Wood (1977). Mineralogic and petrologic study of the low-temperature minerals in carbonaceous chondrites. Final Report, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA.
'Erionite'
Reference: Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1366-87
Erionite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: Dogan,Umran and Dogan,Meral(2008) Re-evaluation and re-classification of erionite series minerals,Environ Geochem Health 30:355-366
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Natural History Museum London collection
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Description: In phonolite.
Reference: Journal of Conference Abstracts , Volume 2 Number 1 , vsg - Minsoc '97, http://www.the-conference.com/JConfAbs/2/26.html
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
'Ferritchromit'
Reference: Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Reference: Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Journal of African Earth Sciences
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Forsterite var: Peridot
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N. (2010). Nyerereite from calcite carbonatite at the Kerimasi volcano, northern Tanzania. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 630-640.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gaspéite
Formula: Ni(CO3)
Reference: Graetsch, H. A. (2011): Microstructure and origin of colour of chrysoprase from Haneti (Tanzania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 188, 111-117.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Germanocolusite
Formula: Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Reference: Harrison et al., Mineralogical Record 45:553-570 (2014).
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Glass'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Gold Amalgam'
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data of 2015, Alexandr Tsykin material
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Gravegliaite
Formula: Mn2+SO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Barrie, C. T., Samson, I., Price, M., Kjarsgaard, I., & Livesey, T. (2010) Metal Dispersion Halo Surrounding the Kabanga North Ni-Cu-Co Deposit, Western Tanzania. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Gregoryite (TL)
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
Type Locality:
Reference: Lithos 13 (1980), 213; American Mineralogist, 66, pp. 879 (1981); Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 779-789; Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.; Mitchell, R. H. (1997). Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(6), 779-789.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Grossmanite
Formula: CaTi3+ AlSiO6
Reference: D. Frank, M. Zolensky, J. Martinez, T. Mikouchi, K. Ohsumi, K. Hagiya, W. Satake, L. Le, D. Ross & A. Peslier (2011). A CAI in the Ivuna CI1 Chondrite. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference. LPI Contribution #1608, p. 2785.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Tsavorite (FRL)
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Feneyrol J., Gaston,G., Ohnenstetter D., Le Goff E., Malisa, E. P.J., Saul, M. Saul, E. Saul, J. & Pardieu, V. (2010): Lithostratigraphic and structural controls of ‘tsavorite’ deposits at Lemshuku, Merelani area, Tanzania. Comptes Rendus Geoscience. 342 (10), 778-785.
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Vos, I.M.A. et al. (2009): The geology and mineralization at the Golden Pride gold deposit, Nzega Greenstone Belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita 44, 751-764.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Zaitsev (2012): Mineral chemistry and crystal structure of haüyne from the Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, northern Tanzania. Eifel-Symposium 2012, "Variability and complexity of minerals and their synthetic analogues of the Vulkaneifel and related provinces”, Christian Albrechts University, Kiel, 23.04. - 30.04.2012.
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:347-408
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Van King
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: Maaskant, P., Coolen, J. J. M., & Burke, E. A. J. (1980). Hibonite and coexisting zoisite and clinozoisite in a calc-silicate granulite from southern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 43(332), 995-1003.
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Reference: www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.
'Hornblende'
Ice
Formula: H2O
Reference: Science 18 October 2002: Vol. 298. no. 5593, pp. 548 - 549
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Imogolite
Formula: Al2SiO3(OH)4
Reference: Schwaighofer, B., & Müller, H. W. (1987). Mineralogy and genesis of the Pugu Hill kaolin deposit, Tanzania. Clay Minerals, 22(4), 401-409.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Reference: Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N. (2010). Nyerereite from calcite carbonatite at the Kerimasi volcano, northern Tanzania. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 630-640.
Jörgkellerite (TL)
Formula: (Na,☐)3Mn3+3(PO4)2(CO3)(O,OH)2·5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Zaitsev, A.N., Britvin, S.N., Kearsley, A., Wenzel, T. and Kirk, C. (2015) Jörgkellerite, IMA 2015-020. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 942; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947; Zaitsev, A.N., Britvin, S.N., Kearsley, A., Wenzel, T., Kirk, C. (2017): Jörgkellerite, Na3Mn3+3(PO4)2(CO3)O2·5H2O, a new layered phosphate-carbonate mineral from the Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Gregory rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogy and Petrology 111, 373–381.
Kalicinite
Formula: KHCO3
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Karelianite
Formula: V3+2O3
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Reference: J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.; Frondel C, Meyrowitz R (1956) Studies of uranium minerals (XIX): rutherfordine, diderichite, and clarkeite. American Mineralogist 41, 127-133
Kerimasite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Reference: Zaitsev, A.N., Williams, C.T., Britvin, S.N., Kuznetsova, I.V., Spratt, J., Petrov, S.V., and Keller, J. (2010): Mineralogical Magazine 74(5), 803-820.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 1057-1065.
Kimzeyite
Formula: Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Reference: Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Kogarkoite
Formula: Na3(SO4)F
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Colour: pink
Description: Pink nodular aggregate to 1o ml in volume
Reference: McKie, D. (1965) The magnesium aluminium borosilicates: kornerupine and grandidierite. Mineralogical Magazine 34: 346-357.; von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84 (referring to McKie, 1965).; Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998) Kornerupine parageneses in whiteschists and other magnesian rocks: is kornerupine + talc a high-pressure assemblage equivalent to tourmaline + orthoamphibole? Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/other.htm
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Reference: Martínez-Frías, J., Benito, R., Wilson, G., Delgado, A., Boyd, T., and Marti, K. (2004): Journal of Materials Processing Technology 147, 204–210.; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Habit: blocky
Colour: white
Description: associated with excellent gemmy green diopside and well-formed graphite crystals in an open pocket in December 2007
Reference: John A. Jaszczak by Raman spectroscopy and SEM-EDS
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Wilhelmij, H. R., & Eksteen, J. J. (2017). Contrasting mineralogical and processing potential of two mineralization types in the platinum group element and Ni-bearing Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 772-789.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
'Liddicoatite'
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Wilhelmij, H. R., & Eksteen, J. J. (2017). Contrasting mineralogical and processing potential of two mineralization types in the platinum group element and Ni-bearing Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 772-789.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N. (2010). Nyerereite from calcite carbonatite at the Kerimasi volcano, northern Tanzania. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 630-640.
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: The mineral occurs as megacrysts up to 12 cm in size in crystal-rich tuff. Zaitsev et al. (2013) publish the following empirical formula (Na0.68K0.32)Σ1.00(Ca1.88Na0.12Mn0.022.03(Mg2.92Fe2+0.98Fe3+0.55Ti0.49Al0.125.06(Al1.97Si6.03O22)(O0.70OH1.30)Σ2.00
Reference: Zaitsev A N, Avdontseva E Y, Britvin S N, Demény A, Homonnay Z, Jeffries T E, Keller J, Krivovichev V G, Markl G, Platonova N V, Siidra O I, Spratt J, Vennemann T (2013) Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite, NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2, a new anhydrous amphibole from the Deeti volcanic cone, Gregory rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2773-2792
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)
Formula: [(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Type Locality:
Reference: T. Armbruster (2002) Eur. Journ. Mineralogy 14, 389-395
Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S (TL)
Formula: [(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6
Type Locality:
Reference: Hejny, C., Armbruster, T. (2002) Polysomatism in högbomite: The crystal structures of 10T, 12H, 14T, and 24R polysomes. American Mineralogist, 87:2-3, 277–292.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S
Formula: Mg3Al8BeO16
Description: Several kilos of gem material has been found (Bruce Cairncross personal comment to Debbie Woolf).
Reference: Thomas, A. (2008) Gemstones properties, identification and use. New Holland Publishers, Cape Town, 256 pp
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S
Formula: Mg2BeAl6O12
Reference: Schmetzer,k.,Krzemnicki,M.,Hanni,H.,Bernhardt,H., and Pettke, T., (2007) Gem-quality taaffeites and musgravites from Africa, Journal of Gemmology, 30(7/8), 367-382.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: M. Endress & A. Bischoff (1993). Mineralogy, Degree of Brecciation, and Aqueous Alteration of CI Chondrites Orgueil, Ivuna, and Alais. Meteoritics 28, #3, 345-346.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Manega, Paul C. & Bieda, Sophie (1987): Modern sediments of Lake Natron, Tanzania. Sciences Geologiques, Bulletin 40, 83-95.
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Merelaniite (TL)
Formula: Mo4Pb4VSbS15
Type Locality:
Reference: Jaszczak, J., Rumsey, M.S., Bindi, L., Hackney, S.A., Wise, M.A., Stanley, C.J. & Spratt, J. (2016): Merelaniite, Mo4Pb4VSbS15, a New Molybdenum-Essential Member of the Cylindrite Group, from the Merelani Tanzanite Deposit, Lelatema Mountains, Manyara Region, Tanzania. Minerals: 6 115; doi:10.3390/min6040115
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Hsu, W. & Crozaz, G. (1996) Pomozdino and Peramiho: Are They Anomalous Eucrites? Lunar and Planetary Science XXVII: 567-568.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Habit: acicular
Colour: white
Description: associated with excellent gemmy green diopside and well-formed graphite crystals in an open pocket in December 2007
Reference: John A. Jaszczak by Raman spectroscopy and SEM-EDS
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hintze, J. (2010): Safari njema - Afrikanisches Tagebuch (I): Die gelben Danburite von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 25-28 (in German).
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hintze, J. (2010): Safari njema - Afrikanisches Tagebuch (I): Die gelben Danburite von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 25-28 (in German).; Radl, W. & Weiß, S. (2010): Gelber Danburit - ein neuer Edelstein von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 28-31 (in German).
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
'Monazite'
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Radl, W. & Weiß, S. (2010): Gelber Danburit - ein neuer Edelstein von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 28-31 (in German).
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Description: 10 wt% ThO2, 25 wt% LaO. Inclusions in forsterite. In harzburgite.
Reference: R.L. Rudnick et al. , Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 114, 1993, pp. 463-475.
Monohydrocalcite
Formula: CaCO3 · H2O
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Description: Manganoan variety.
Reference: Mitchell, R.H. and Belton, F. (2004) Niocalite-cuspidine solid solution and manganoan monticellite from natrocarbonatite, Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 68: 787-799.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Schwaighofer, B., & Müller, H. W. (1987). Mineralogy and genesis of the Pugu Hill kaolin deposit, Tanzania. Clay Minerals, 22(4), 401-409.
Mukhinite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Identified in epoxy mount FKM-26 as a single 50 micron rim surrounding an unidentified Cu-V-S mineral (sulvanite?), within massive vanadian tremolite (~1.7 wt% V) + calcite matrix. Additional minerals in sample include scattered phlogopite (~1.0 wt% V), minor clinochlore (~2 wt% V), minor quartz, minor goldmanite-grossular solid-solution, scattered graphite, minor vanadian titanite (~3.5 wt% V, and a minor unidentified Pb-V-As mineral. The mukhinite grain contains 9.25 wt% V and 3.3 wt% Cr.
Reference: Frank K. Mazdab collection (epoxy mount FKM-26)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:347-408
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Schwaighofer, B., & Müller, H. W. (1987). Mineralogy and genesis of the Pugu Hill kaolin deposit, Tanzania. Clay Minerals, 22(4), 401-409.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Mitchell, R.H. (2006) Mineralogy of stalactites formed by subaerial weathering of natrocarbonatite hornitos at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 437-444; Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neighborite
Formula: NaMgF3
Reference: Mitchell, R.H. (1997) Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine: 61: 779-789.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Barrie, C. T., Samson, I., Price, M., Kjarsgaard, I., & Livesey, T. (2010) Metal Dispersion Halo Surrounding the Kabanga North Ni-Cu-Co Deposit, Western Tanzania. 11th International Platinum Symposium
Niocalite
Formula: (Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Description: Occurs in a solid solution with cuspidine.
Reference: Mitchell, R.H. and Belton, F. (2004) Niocalite-cuspidine solid solution and manganoan monticellite from natrocarbonatite, Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 68: 787-799.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.
Nyerereite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2
Description: Carbonatite lava, 1963 flow.
Reference: McKie, D., Frankis, E.J. (1977) Nyerereite: A new volcanic carbonate mineral from Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 145: 73-95.; Geol.Soc.Amer.,Progr. Annual. Meet.(1968) 202; Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 779-789; Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Yang, Xiao-wen; Zhang, Liang-ju; Jia, Zong-yong (2012): Mineral composition characters and prospect of Longido red corundum deposit in Tanzania. Guilin Ligong Daxue Xuebao 32, 173-178 (in Chinese).
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 32, 10-25
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
Type Locality:
Description: Up to 12 cm phenocrysts in tuff. Chemical composition according to Zaitsev et al. (2013): (Na0.67K0.33)Σ1.00(Ca1.87Na0.14Mn0.012.02(Mg3.27[b]Fe3+1.25[/b]Ti0.44Al0.085.04(Al1.80Si6.20O22)(O1.40OH0.60)Σ2.00
Reference: Zaitsev A N, Avdontseva E Y, Britvin S N, Demény A, Homonnay Z, Jeffries T E, Keller J, Krivovichev V G, Markl G, Platonova N V, Siidra O I, Spratt J, Vennemann T (2013) Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite, NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2, a new anhydrous amphibole from the Deeti volcanic cone, Gregory rift, northern Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2773-2792
Palladosilicide (TL)
Formula: Pd2Si
Type Locality:
Reference: Cabri, L.J., McDonald, A.M., Stanley, C.J., Rudashevsky, N.S., Poirier, G., Wilhelmij, H.R., Zhe, W. and Rudashevsky, V.N. (2015) IMA 2014-080. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 56; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Schwaighofer, B., & Müller, H. W. (1987). Mineralogy and genesis of the Pugu Hill kaolin deposit, Tanzania. Clay Minerals, 22(4), 401-409.
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lomthong, P. (2004) Characteristics of some Corundum from Songea Deposit, Tanzania.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen, minID U1L-74C.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1366-87
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Phlogopite var: Chromian Phlogopite
Formula: K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Ti-rich chromian phlogopite.
Reference: J.B. Dawson, Journal of Petrology, 2002, V 43, N° 9, pp. 1749-1777.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Mason, B. (1967) The Bununu meteorite, and a discussion of the pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31: 107-115.; Hsu, W. & Crozaz, G. (1996) Pomozdino and Peramiho: Are They Anomalous Eucrites? Lunar and Planetary Science XXVII: 567-568.
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite (TL)
Formula: K(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: P.W.G.Brock, D.C. Gellatly, and O. Von Knorring(1964):Mboziite, a new sodic amphibole end member. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol 33, pp1057-65.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Bill Larsen
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (FRL)
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: First described as "pandaite"
Reference: Jäger, E., Niggli, E. & van der Veen, A.H. (1959): A hydrated barium–strontium pyrochlore in a biotite rock from Panda Hill, Tanganyika. Mineralogical Magazine: 32: 10-25
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrope var: Rhodolite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zwaan, P. C., & Zwaan, P. C. (1974). Garnet, corundum and other gem minerals from Umba, Tanzania. Rijksmuseum van Geologie en Mineralogie.
Pyrope var: Umbalite
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gems and Gemology, Volume 28 p 149
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Blue Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hintze, J. (2010): Safari njema - Afrikanisches Tagebuch (I): Die gelben Danburite von Morogoro inTansania. Lapis 35 (3), 25-28 (in German); Radl, W. & Weiß, S. (2010): Gelber Danburit - ein neuer Edelstein von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 28-31 (in German).
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection (labeled as "chrysoprase", but is only very pale greenish to almost colourless)
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Rhabdophane'
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rossmanite
Formula: ☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Reference: Evans, D. M., Barrett, F. M., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2012). Platinum–palladium–gold mineralization in the Nkenja mafic–ultramafic body, Ubendian metamorphic belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 47(1-2), 175-196.
Rutherfordine (TL)
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Type Locality:
Description: Replaces uraninite cubes (size : up to 3 centimeters).
Reference: Centr.Min.(1906) p. 761-764; J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.; Frondel C, Meyrowitz R (1956) Studies of uranium minerals (XIX): rutherfordine, diderichite, and clarkeite. American Mineralogist 41, 127-133
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Adrian J. Brearley (1992). Mineralogy of fine-grained matrix in the Ivuna CI Carbonaceous Chondrite. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 1992.
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Colour: Yellow
Reference: www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/projekte/tansania/mautia/dmg_mautia.pdf.; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Schairerite
Formula: Na21(SO4)7ClF6
Reference: Mitchell, R.H. (2006) Mineralogy of stalactites formed by subaerial weathering of natrocarbonatite hornitos at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 437-444
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Vos, I.M.A. et al. (2009): The geology and mineralization at the Golden Pride gold deposit, Nzega Greenstone Belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita 44, 751-764.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Hintze, J. (2010): Safari njema - Afrikanisches Tagebuch (I): Die gelben Danburite von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 25-28 (in German).; Radl, W. & Weiß, S. (2010): Gelber Danburit - ein neuer Edelstein von Morogoro in Tansania. Lapis 35 (3), 28-31 (in German).
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Keil, K. (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73 (22): 6945-6976. (Nov 1968)
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Collection of Werner Radl.
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 779-789; Mitchell, R. H. (1997). Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(6), 779-789.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Sampson, D. N. (1966): Sinya meerschaum mine, northern Tanzania. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section B: Applied Earth Science 75, 23-34.
Serendibite
Formula: Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Reference: Research Institute for African Geology, University of Leeds, 11th Annual Report, 40.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shortite
Formula: Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Tanz. J. Sci. Vol.29(2) 2003: 55-70; Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:347-408
Sinhalite
Formula: MgAl(BO4)
Reference: Pitman, L. C., Hurlbut Jr, C. S., & Francis, C. A. (1995). Euhedral sinhalite crystals from Sri Lanka. Mineralogical Record, 26(2), 91.
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
Reference: Klaus Keil & Christian A. Andersen (1965) Occurrences of Sinoite, Si2N2O, in Meteorites. Nature 207, 745 (14 August 1965)
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Wilhelmij, H. R., & Eksteen, J. J. (2017). Contrasting mineralogical and processing potential of two mineralization types in the platinum group element and Ni-bearing Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 772-789.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Harrison et al., Mineralogical Record 45:553-570 (2014).
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Manfred Wildner, Anton Beran, Friedrich Koller (2013): Spectroscopic characterisation and crystal field calculations of varicoloured kyanites from Loliondo, Tanzania. Mineral. Petro. 107, 289-310.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Vos, I.M.A. et al. (2009): The geology and mineralization at the Golden Pride gold deposit, Nzega Greenstone Belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita 44, 751-764.; Lawley, C.J.M., Selby, D., Condon, D., Imber, J. (2014) Palaeoproterozoic orogenic gold style mineralization at the Southwestern Archaean Tanzanian cratonic margin, Lupa Goldfield, SW Tanzania: implications from U–Pb titanite geochronology. Gondwana Research, 26 (3-4). 1141-1158.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N. (2010). Nyerereite from calcite carbonatite at the Kerimasi volcano, northern Tanzania. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 630-640.
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Sulphohalite
Formula: Na6(SO4)2FCl
Description: Identified from carbonate-rich melt inclusions in jacupirangite.
Reference: Kaldos, R, Guzmics, T., Mitchell, R.H., Dawson, J.B., Milke, R., and Szabo, C. (2015) A melt evolution model for Kerimasi volcano, Tanzania: Evidence from carbonate melt inclusions in jacupirangite. Lithos , 238 , 101-119
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
'Sunstone'
Description: Opaque gold-brown to black. When cut into cabochons, it produces either stars or cat's-eyes. http://www.tucsonshowguide.com/stories/mar04/tucson.cfm
Reference: Gems and gemology (2003), Volume 39, Issue 3
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Mitchell, R.H. (2006) Mineralogy of stalactites formed by subaerial weathering of natrocarbonatite hornitos at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 437-444; Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.; Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.; Mitchell, R. H. (1997). Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(6), 779-789.; Mattsson, H. B., & Reusser, E. (2010). Mineralogical and geochemical characterization of ashes from an early phase of the explosive September 2007 eruption of Oldoinyo Lengai (Tanzania). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58(5), 752-763.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
'Synchysite'
Reference: Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Feneyrol J., Ohnenstetter D., Gaston,G., Fallick A. E., Rollion-Bard C., Robert J. L., and Malisa E. P. (20): Evidence of evaporites in the genesis of the vanadian grossular "tsavorite" deposit in Namalulu, Tanzania. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 745-769
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Vos, I.M.A. et al. (2009): The geology and mineralization at the Golden Pride gold deposit, Nzega Greenstone Belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita 44, 751-764.
Tetraferroplatinum
Formula: PtFe
Reference: Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Tilleyite ?
Formula: Ca5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 779-789; Mitchell, R. H. (1997). Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(6), 779-789.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline var: Chrome-Tourmaline'
Reference: GIA 2019
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Van King
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Locality: Mundarara Mine (Mdarara), Arusha Region, Tanzania - erroneously reported
Description: Analytical data of the amphibole embedded in the green zoisite falls within the chemical boundaries of pargasite. There are no published analysis indicating that this amphibole may be a tschermakite group mineral.
Reference: Cedric Simonet (2000): “Geology of Sapphire and Ruby Deposits -The example of the John Saul Ruby Mine, Mangare area, Southern Kenya” PhD Thesis, University of Nantes
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Tulameenite
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Reference: Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Description: Veins of turquoise with a waxy lustre, up to one centimetre in thickness, are embedded in the sediments. The colour of the material varies from yellowish green to bluish green. Good quality turquoise was not found, except for minor quantities.
Reference: Zwaan, P. C., & Zwaan, P. C. (1974). Garnet, corundum and other gem minerals from Umba, Tanzania. Rijksmuseum van Geologie en Mineralogie.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: ; J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.; Frondel C, Meyrowitz R (1956) Studies of uranium minerals (XIX): rutherfordine, diderichite, and clarkeite. American Mineralogist 41, 127-133
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.; Frondel C, Meyrowitz R (1956) Studies of uranium minerals (XIX): rutherfordine, diderichite, and clarkeite. American Mineralogist 41, 127-133
Vandendriesscheite
Formula: PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Reference: Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.; Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Wad'
Reference: Cabri, L. J., Wilhelmij, H. R., & Eksteen, J. J. (2017). Contrasting mineralogical and processing potential of two mineralization types in the platinum group element and Ni-bearing Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 772-789.
Warwickite
Formula: (Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Reference: Bowden, P., von Knorring, O. and Bartholemew, R.W. (1969). Sinhalite and serendibite from Tanzania. Mineralogical Magazine, 37, 145-147.
Willyamite
Formula: (Co,Ni)SbS
Reference: Vos, I.M.A. et al. (2009): The geology and mineralization at the Golden Pride gold deposit, Nzega Greenstone Belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita 44, 751-764.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: PXRD by John Attard (Attars Minerals)
Yoderite (TL)
Formula: Mg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: American Mineralogist 45, pp. 753 (1960); American Mineralogist 76, pp. 1052-1060 (1991); Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 635-645
'Zeolite Group'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Zoisite var: Tanzanite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Cabriite1.AG.30Pd2CuSn
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tetraferroplatinum1.AG.40PtFe
Tulameenite1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Germanocolusite2.CB.30Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Willyamite2.EB.25(Co,Ni)SbS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Neighborite3.AA.35NaMgF3
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var: Alexandrite4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Padparadscha4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Star Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gravegliaite4.JE.05Mn2+SO3 · 3H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ice4.AA.05H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Karelianite4.CB.05V3+2O3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)4.CB.20[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S (TL)4.CB.20[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S4.FC.25Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S4.FC.25Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (TL)4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Vandendriesscheite4.GB.40PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaspéite5.AB.05Ni(CO3)
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Gregoryite (TL)5.AA.10(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
Kalicinite5.AA.20KHCO3
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Breunnerite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Monohydrocalcite5.CB.20CaCO3 · H2O
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Nyerereite (TL)5.AC.10Na2Ca(CO3)2
Pirssonite5.CB.30Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rutherfordine (TL)5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Shortite5.AC.25Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Sinhalite6.AC.05MgAl(BO4)
Warwickite6.AB.20(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kogarkoite7.BD.15Na3(SO4)F
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Schairerite7.BD.10Na21(SO4)7ClF6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Sulphohalite7.BD.05Na6(SO4)2FCl
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Alumoåkermanite (TL)9.BB.10(Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Axinite-(Mg) (TL)9.BD.20Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Barytolamprophyllite9.BE.25(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Combeite9.CJ.15aNa4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Chromian Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erionite-Na9.GD.20(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
var: Peridot9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossmanite9.DA.15CaTi3+ AlSiO6
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Tsavorite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Imogolite9.ED.20Al2SiO3(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kerimasite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
Kimzeyite9.AD.25Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lamprophyllite9.BE.25(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
'Liddicoatite'9.CK.05Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mukhinite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Niocalite9.BE.17(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Chromian Phlogopite9.EC.20K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Rhodolite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Umbalite9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Rossmanite9.CK.05☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Serendibite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tilleyite ?9.BE.82Ca5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite ?9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Yoderite (TL)9.AF.25Mg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
var: Tanzanite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Schorlomite Series'-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3 - Ca3Ti4+2(SiO4)3
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrysoprase'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferritchromit'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Gold Amalgam'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Högbomite'-(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Jörgkellerite (TL)-(Na,☐)3Mn3+3(PO4)2(CO3)(O,OH)2·5H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Merelaniite (TL)-Mo4Pb4VSbS15
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite (TL)-NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
Palladosilicide (TL)-Pd2Si
'Phillipsite'-
Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite (TL)-K(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Rhabdophane'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Sunstone'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Chrome-Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Cabriite1.2.11.Pd2CuSn
Isoferroplatinum1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Tetraferroplatinum1.2.4.1PtFe
Tulameenite1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sinoite1.3.9.1Si2N2O
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Geversite2.12.1.14PtSb2
Gudmundite2.12.4.2FeSbS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Willyamite2.12.3.4(Co,Ni)SbS
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Germanocolusite3.1.1.2Cu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Ice4.1.2.1H2O
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Karelianite4.3.1.4V3+2O3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX7O22·xH2O
Vandendriesscheite5.8.1.1PbU7O22 · 12H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Böhmite6.1.2.1AlO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S7.2.11.1Mg3Al8BeO16
Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3S7.2.12.1Mg2BeAl6O12
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB12X19
Hibonite7.4.1.1(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Miscellaneous
'Högbomite'7.11.7.3(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Neighborite11.1.1.1NaMgF3
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Kalicinite13.1.2.1KHCO3
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Gaspéite14.1.1.8Ni(CO3)
Gregoryite (TL)14.1.2.2(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Rutherfordine (TL)14.1.4.1(UO2)CO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
A2B(XO3)2
Nyerereite (TL)14.3.4.1Na2Ca(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Shortite14.4.1.1Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Monohydrocalcite15.1.3.1CaCO3 · H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Pirssonite15.2.1.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dawsonite16a.3.8.1NaAlCO3(OH)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2XO4
Sinhalite24.1.1.1MgAl(BO4)
A2BO2[XO3]
Warwickite24.2.2.1(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Kogarkoite30.1.6.1Na3(SO4)F
Schairerite30.1.9.1Na21(SO4)7ClF6
Sulphohalite30.1.7.1Na6(SO4)2FCl
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Gravegliaite34.2.5.2Mn2+SO3 · 3H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kimzeyite51.4.3c.2Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Larnite51.5.1.1Ca2SiO4
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Yoderite (TL)52.2.2b.3Mg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Alumoåkermanite (TL)55.4.1.5(Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Mg) (TL)56.2.2.2Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)56.2.2.3Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Barytolamprophyllite56.2.6c.1(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Lamprophyllite56.2.6c.4(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Niocalite56.2.4.6(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Tilleyite ?56.2.9.1Ca5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Kornerupine58.1.1.1Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mukhinite58.2.1a.10{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Combeite61.1.2a.5Na4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Liddicoatite'61.3.1.2Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Pigeonite65.1.1.4(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Serendibite69.2.1a.6Ca4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Imogolite71.1.5.3Al2SiO3(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tainiolite71.2.2b.9KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Schorlomite Series'-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3 - Ca3Ti4+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Augite
var: Titanian Augite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chrysoberyl
var: Alexandrite
-BeAl2O4
'Chrysoprase'-
'Clays'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Corundum
var: Padparadscha
-Al2O3
var: Ruby-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
var: Star Corundum-Al2O3
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Elbaite
var: Chromian Elbaite
-Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Erionite'-
Erionite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferritchromit'-
Fluoro-pargasite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
var: Peridot
-Mg2SiO4
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Gold Amalgam'-
Grossmanite-CaTi3+ AlSiO6
Grossular
var: Tsavorite (FRL)
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Martite
-Fe2O3
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
Jörgkellerite (TL)-(Na,☐)3Mn3+3(PO4)2(CO3)(O,OH)2·5H2O
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kerimasite (TL)-Ca3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S (TL)-[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S (TL)-[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6
Magnesite
var: Breunnerite
-(Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Merelaniite (TL)-Mo4Pb4VSbS15
'Mica Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
Oxo-magnesio-hastingsite (TL)-NaCa2(Mg2Fe3+3)(Al2Si6)O22O2
Palladosilicide (TL)-Pd2Si
'Phillipsite'-
Phlogopite
var: Chromian Phlogopite
-K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramite (TL)-K(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Group
var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group' (FRL)
-A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrope
var: Rhodolite
-Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Umbalite-Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Blue Quartz
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rhabdophane'-
Rossmanite-☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sobolevskite-Pd(Bi,Te)
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Sudburyite-(Pd,Ni)Sb
'Sunstone'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Chrome-Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
var: Chrome-Tremolite
-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tschermakite ?-☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Wad'-
'Zeolite Group'-
Zoisite
var: Tanzanite
-{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)
H Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
H Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
H Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6
H Jörgkellerite(Na,☐)3Mn33+(PO4)2(CO3)(O,OH)2·5H2O
H Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Zoisite (var: Tanzanite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
H VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
H IceH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H CombeiteNa4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Phlogopite (var: Chromian Phlogopite)K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Mukhinite{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H BöhmiteAlO(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GravegliaiteMn2+SO3 · 3H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
H KaliciniteKHCO3
H PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
BBoron
B Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
B Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
B SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
B Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
B SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
C Gregoryite(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
C NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
C Jörgkellerite(Na,☐)3Mn33+(PO4)2(CO3)(O,OH)2·5H2O
C GraphiteC
C DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C DiamondC
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C GaspéiteNi(CO3)
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
C KaliciniteKHCO3
C PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
NNitrogen
N SinoiteSi2N2O
OOxygen
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3
O YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)
O Gregoryite(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
O NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
O Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2
O Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OH
O KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
O Alumoåkermanite(Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7)
O Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6
O Grossular (var: Tsavorite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O Oxo-magnesio-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg2Fe33+)(Al2Si6)O22O2
O Jörgkellerite(Na,☐)3Mn33+(PO4)2(CO3)(O,OH)2·5H2O
O Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Zoisite (var: Tanzanite){Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Chrysoberyl (var: Alexandrite)BeAl2O4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O SideriteFeCO3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O KornerupineMg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
O IceH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O CombeiteNa4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O Högbomite(Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O RutileTiO2
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)
O Pyrope (var: Umbalite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O Phlogopite (var: Chromian Phlogopite)K(Mg,Cr)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O CorundumAl2O3
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O KarelianiteV23+O3
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Hematite (var: Martite)Fe2O3
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Blue Quartz)SiO2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12
O Corundum (var: Star Corundum)Al2O3
O LarniteCa2SiO4
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
O SchaireriteNa21(SO4)7ClF6
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tremolite (var: Chrome-Tremolite)☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GaspéiteNi(CO3)
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Mukhinite{Ca2}{Al2V3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O SinoiteSi2N2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O BöhmiteAlO(OH)
O Hibonite(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Magnesite (var: Breunnerite)(Mg,Fe)CO3
O GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
O Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Forsterite (var: Peridot)Mg2SiO4
O GravegliaiteMn2+SO3 · 3H2O
O SinhaliteMgAl(BO4)
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MonohydrocalciteCaCO3 · H2O
O KaliciniteKHCO3
O PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
O Pyrope (var: Rhodolite)Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O WitheriteBaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
O Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
O GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Corundum (var: Padparadscha)Al2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
O Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
F Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F NeighboriteNaMgF3
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F SellaiteMgF2
F KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
F SchaireriteNa21(SO4)7ClF6
F TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F VilliaumiteNaF
F SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
F GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
NaSodium
Na Gregoryite(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
Na NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
Na Alumoåkermanite(Ca,Na)2(Al,Mg,Fe2+)(Si2O7)
Na Oxo-magnesio-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg2Fe33+)(Al2Si6)O22O2
Na Jörgkellerite(Na,☐)3Mn33+(PO4)2(CO3)(O,OH)2·5H2O
Na Potassic-ferro-ferri-taramiteK(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na DawsoniteNaAlCO3(OH)2
Na Elbaite (var: Chromian Elbaite)Na(Li1.5Al1.5)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na CombeiteNa4.5Ca3.5Si6O17.5(OH)0.5
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si