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Birthday Mine (Birthday claim; Birthday area), Mountain Pass Mine (Mountain Pass deposit; Mountain Pass Mine and mill; Bastnaesite deposit; Bastnäsite deposit; Mountain Pass carbonatite), Mountain Pass, Mountain Pass District, Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range), San Bernardino Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Birthday Mine (Birthday claim; Birthday area)Mine
Mountain Pass Mine (Mountain Pass deposit; Mountain Pass Mine and mill; Bastnaesite deposit; Bastnäsite deposit; Mountain Pass carbonatite)Mine
Mountain PassPass
Mountain Pass DistrictMining District
Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)Mountain Range
San Bernardino Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 29' 21'' North , 115° 32' 12'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.48944,-115.53667
GeoHash:G#: 9qmcfusub
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sandy Valley2,051 (2011)37.4km
Goodsprings229 (2011)39.2km


A Ba-Sr occurrence located in secs. 12 & 13, T16N, R13E, SBM, in the Mountain Pass REE deposit area.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Description: Occurs in a large vein.
Reference: Olson, Jerry Chipman, , Shawe, D.R., Pray, L.C., and Sharp, W.N. (1954), Rare-earth mineral deposits of the Mountain Pass district, San Bernardino County, California: USGS PP 261: 34; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 288.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Description: Crystal aggregates to 3 cm
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p62]
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Description: Occurs as abundant crystals to 1 inch (2.5 cm) diameter in a large ankeritic vein.
Reference: Olson, Jerry Chipman, , Shawe, D.R., Pray, L.C., and Sharp, W.N. (1954), Rare-earth mineral deposits of the Mountain Pass district, San Bernardino County, California: USGS PP 261: 34; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 288.
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Description: Occurs as abundant crystals to 1 inch (2.5 cm) diameter in a large ankeritic vein.
Reference: Olson, Jerry Chipman, , Shawe, D.R., Pray, L.C., and Sharp, W.N. (1954), Rare-earth mineral deposits of the Mountain Pass district, San Bernardino County, California: USGS PP 261: 34; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 288.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
'Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite'
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Gunnar Färber

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
var: Barian Celestine7.AD.35(Sr,Ba)SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite'-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Celestine
var: Barian Celestine
-(Sr,Ba)SO4
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite'-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
OOxygen
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CelestineSrSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)F2
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)F2
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
NaSodium
Na Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)F2
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)F2
AlAluminium
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)F2
SSulfur
S Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)F2
SrStrontium
Sr Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2943637
Precambrian rocks, undivided, unit 2 (Mojave Desert and Transverse Ranges)

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Baldwin Gneiss; Essex Series; Fenner Gneiss; Johannesburg Gneiss; Kilbeck Gneiss; Mendenhall Gneiss; Waterman Gneiss

Description: Conglomerate, shale, sandstone, limestone, dolomite, marble, gneiss, hornfels, and quartzite; may be Paleozoic in part

Comments: Southern California. Primarily orthogneiss and paragneiss; includes granitoid rocks, migmatite, amphibolite, and quartzite. Includes some Mesozoic and Cenozoic rocks Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{orthogneiss}, Minor:{granitic}, Incidental:{amphibolite, quartzite, hornfels, marble, granofels, granite, syenite, intrusive carbonatite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Olson, J.C., Shawe, D.R., Pray, L.C., and Sharp, W.N. (1954) Rare-earth mineral deposits of the Mountain Pass district, San Bernardino County, California: USGS Professional Paper 261: 34.
Pemberton, H.E. (1983) Minerals of California. Van Nostrand Reinhold Press: 288.


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