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Raibl Mines, Cave del Predil, Tarvisio, Udine Province, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Raibl MinesGroup of Mines
Cave del Predil- not defined -
Tarvisio- not defined -
Udine ProvinceProvince
Friuli-Venezia GiuliaAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera di Raibl, Cave di Predil, Tarivisio, Provincia di Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 26' 36'' North , 13° 34' 10'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.44347,13.56952
GeoHash:G#: u238hyc0b
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cave del Predil376 (2014)0.4km
Log pod Mangartom137 (2014)5.1km
Tarvisio2,509 (2016)7.0km
Camporosso in Valcanale799 (2014)7.7km
Valbruna188 (2014)8.0km


Dolomitic limestone in contact with upper Permian limestones.

These mines were surely active in the XIV century when Emperor Philip the Nice conceded permission to extract lead and zinc to a group of miners. In the XIX century, under the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the mine was half an Imperial property and half property of Hanckel Von Donnersmarck Earls. After WWI, Italy annexed the Tarvisio area, and the Italian government assigned the extraction concessions to the Society Cave del Predil. In 1953 the mine changed hands various times, and in 1963 became property of the Italian government, with Azienda Mineraria Metallurgica Italiana Spa. In 1965 the Friuli Venezia Giulia Regions became the mine owner and conceded the use of the mine to AMMI up to 1987. But gestional costs are so high that in 1976 the mine was almost closed. In 1978 a new society, SAMIM, appeared that operated the mine up to 1986. The mine has closed on February, 6, 1991 (sic!).


Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Bianchite (TL)
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 496; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p22.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: P.L. Romagnoli-Dino di Colbertaldo: Atti Symp. Internaz. Giacim. minerari Alpi, 1966, I, p. 142
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: Octaedrical
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 496, 515; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 496; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 248, 496; A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: P.L. Romagnoli-Dino di Colbertaldo: Atti Symp. Internaz. Giacim. minerari Alpi, 1966, I, p. 142
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 496; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: P.L. Romagnoli-Dino di Colbertaldo: Atti Symp. Internaz. Giacim. minerari Alpi, 1966, I, p. 142
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Paul De Bondt collection
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: A. del Caldo, Cesarina Moro: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri, 1973
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: P.L. Romagnoli-Dino di Colbertaldo: Atti Symp. Internaz. Giacim. minerari Alpi, 1966, I, p. 142

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bianchite (TL)7.CB.25(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bianchite (TL)29.6.8.2(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Sphalerite
var: Schalenblende
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
SbAntimony
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3185977
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Comments: Dinaric Alps

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Middle Triassic
237 - 247.2 Ma



ID: 3160961
Middle Triassic limestone

Age: Middle Triassic (237 - 247.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{carbonates, consolidated,claystone,marlstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Tornquist, Alexander (1931): Die Vererzung der Zink-Bleierz-Lagerstätte von Raibl (Cave del Predil). Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 81, 143-175.
- Hegemann, F. (1949): Die Herkunft des Mo, V, As und Cr im Wulfenit der alpinen Blei-Zinklagerstätten. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 1(5/6), 690-715 (in German).
- H.Wießner (1951): Geschichte des Kärntner Bergbaues, II.Teil Geschichte des Kärntner Buntmetallbergbaues mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Blei- und Zinkbergbaues, p.185-203.
- Di Colbertaldo, D. (1952). Su particolari strutture di alcuni solfuri nel giacimento di Raibl. Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 8, 113-120.
- Dondi, M. and Puggioli, G. (1992): "La mine de Raibl, Cave del Predil (UD) - 2° partie." Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,(3), 153-166.


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