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Cerchiara Mine, Borghetto Vara, Vara Valley, La Spezia Province, Liguria, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 11' 57'' North , 9° 42' 1'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.1994444444, 9.70027777778
Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera di Cerchiara, Borghetto Vara / Pignone, Val di Vara, La Spezia, Liguria, Italia

This area [which is situated on the municipalities of Borghetto Vara and Pignone, near Faggiona (Pignone)] is certainly known since 1600, when hematite, associated to Mn minerals, was mined by locals to extract iron. The deliberate mining of Mn minerals started in 1790 and ended after WW II.

The Mn minerals are bound to jasper formations of Jurassic age.

Mineral List

74 valid minerals. 7 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Monetti, L. (1922): Miniera di Manganese "Cerchiara". Memorie Soc. Lunigianese "G. Capellini", La Spezia, Vol II, fasc. III, 98-100.

Huebner, J.S. (1980): Rewiews in mineralogy, vol. 7: Pyroxenes - Mineralogical Society of America - P.H. Riber Ed., N.Y., p. 274.

Palenzona, A., Di Giovanni, F., Borgo, E. (1988): La miniera di Manganese di Cerchiara (SP). Rivista Mineral. Ital., Milano, 4, 209-218.

Lucchetti, G., Cortesogno, L., Palenzona, A. (1988): Low-temperature metamorphic mineral assemblages in Mn-Fe ores from Cerchiara mine (northern Appennine, Italy). N. Jb. Mineral. Mh., 8, 367-383.

Palenzona, A. & Bulgarelli (1989): Orientite e macfallite di Cerchiara (La Spezia). Riv. Miner. It., 1, 111-114.

Palenzona, A. & Di Giovanni, F. (1990): La serandite di Cerchiara (SP). Riv. Miner. Ital., XIII, fasc. 1, 42-43.

Palenzona, A. (1990): La sugilite di Cerchiara (SP). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 3, 153-154.

Cabella, R., Lucchetti, G., Palenzona, A. (1990): Al-rich, Fe-poor manganoan sugilite in a pectolite-bearing assemblage from Cerchiara Mine (Northern Appennines, Italy). N. Jb. Mineral. Mh., 1990, 443-448.

Castellaro F. (2008): 160 volte Cerchiara. Prie, 4, 114-130.

Testabruna R. (2014): Armotomo a Cerchiara. Segnalazioni in breve. Prie, 10, 46.

Lepore G.O., Bindi L., Zanetti A., Ciriotti M.E., Medenbach O., Bonazzi P. (2015): Balestraite, KLi2VSi4O10O2, the first member of the mica group with octahedral V5+. American Mineralogist, 100, 608–614

Lepore, G.O., Bindi, L., Mugnaioli, E., Viti, C., Zanetti, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Bonazzi, P. (2017): A multimethodic approach for the characterization of manganiceladonite, a new member of the celadonite family from Cerchiara mine, Eastern Liguria, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 167-173.

- Canadian Mineralogist:31:331-336
- Mineralogical Magazine: 60:369-374
- Am. Min.: 86:197
- Mineralogical Record: 27:465.

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