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Khit Ostrov (Khit Island), Northern Karelia, Karelia Republic, Northern Region, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 66° 20' 38'' North , 33° 2' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 66.34389,33.03972
Other regions containing this locality:Soviet Union (1922-1991)
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Хит Остров

Khit Island is located in northern Karelia near Polyarnyi Krug (Polar Circle) railway station. On the island granitic pegmatite veins occur, where large uraninite crystals up to 5 cm size were mined before WWII.

Mineral List

16 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma

ID: 645411
Supracrustal; Sedimentary and/or volcanic: undivided

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Description: Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Comments: Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Lithology: Paragneiss, mica schist, migmatite, amphibolite

Reference: J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A. [2]

2500 - 4000 Ma

ID: 3131275
Archean mica

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{mica schist}, Minor{gneiss,amphibolite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

2500 - 4000 Ma

ID: 3187773
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Kozhevnikov Yu.A. (2010) Samotsvetnye tropy//Moscow,Mir Samotcvetov, 2010, 56p (in Rus).
- Громов А.В. Розовый корунд из Хитостровского проявления в Северной Карелии // Мир камня, 1993. №2.
- Серебряков Н.С. Петрология корундсодержащих пород чупинской толщи Беломорского подвижного пояса (на примере Чупинского сегмента). Диссертация на соискание степени к. г.-м. наук. Москва. ИГЕМ РАН. 2004. 208 стр.
- Стариков Ю.И. Отчет о результатах детальных поисковых работ на коллекционное сырье, проведенных в Карело-Кольском регионе за 1978-80 гг. ПО "Северкварцсамоцветы", Ленинград. 1980.

External Links - Russian Database on Minerals and Localities (in Russian) (in Russian, photos and maps) A lot of photos (specimens from different collections) and maps (in Russian)

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