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Palelni mine ("Kat Chay mine"), Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village), Molo quarter, Momeik Township, Kyaukme District, Shan State, Myanmari
Regional Level Types
Palelni mine ("Kat Chay mine")Mine
Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)Village
Molo quarter- not defined -
Momeik TownshipTownship
Kyaukme DistrictDistrict
Shan StateState
MyanmarCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
23° 18' 42'' North , 96° 51' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Burma


The initial discovery was around 1993 and the production of gem quality material was sporadic. The main products are the locally called "mushroom" rubellite tourmalines. These fibrous elbaites (Lussier et al., 2008) usually have a black seed and then a mushroom-like termination area more or less developed is possible. Another type of rubellite is present under botryoidal shape - those with a smooth surface that have been analysed turned out as olenite. The tourmalines are associated with quartz, K-feldspar, beryl (aquamarine and morganite), petalite and hambergite.

Note: "Kat Chay mine" mentioned in Lussier et al (2008) refers to the Palelni mine ("Kat Chay" is just another transliteration of "Khat Che", etc.).



Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Avdeevite (TL)
Formula: (Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Type Locality:
Reference: Agakhanov, A.A., Stepanenko, D.A., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Pautov, L.A., Kasatkin, A.V., Karpenko, V.Y., Agakhanova, V.A., Škoda, R. and Britvin, S.N. (2019) Avdeevite, IMA 2018-109. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 199; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010), Sieghard Ellenberger specimen
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Lussier, A.J.; Aguiar, P.M.; Michaelis, V.K.; Kroeker, S.; Herwig, S.; Abdu, Y.; Hawthorne, F.C. (2008): Mushroom elbaite from the Kat Chay mine, Momeik, near Mogok, Myanmar: I. Crystal chemistry by SREF, EMPA, MAS NMR and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 747-761.
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Reference: Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Reference: Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Reference: Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Description: Mn-bearing
Reference: Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Shigley, J. E., Laurs, B. M., Janse, A. J. A., Elen, S., & Dirlam, D. M. (2010). Gem Localities of the 2000s. Gems & Gemology, 46(3).
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010), Sieghard Ellenberger specimen
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Olenite9.CK.05Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Petalite9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Avdeevite (TL)-(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Olenite61.3.1.7Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with tetrahedral Al cross-linking
Petalite72.6.1.1LiAl(Si4O10)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Avdeevite (TL)-(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li Avdeevite(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Li PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Avdeevite(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
OOxygen
O Avdeevite(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
O PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O QuartzSiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
NaSodium
Na Avdeevite(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al Avdeevite(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Al PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Avdeevite(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
Si PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CsCaesium
Cs Avdeevite(Na, Cs)(Be2Li)Al2(Si6O18)
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Precambrian
541 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3191083
Precambrian crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Precambrian (541 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Kyi et al. (2005): Aust. Gemmol. 22, 303-309.
- Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 891-899.
- Lussier, A.J.; Aguiar, P.M.; Michaelis, V.K.; Kroeker, S.; Herwig, S.; Abdu, Y.; Hawthorne, F.C. (2008): Mushroom elbaite from the Kat Chay mine, Momeik, near Mogok, Myanmar: I. Crystal chemistry by SREF, EMPA, MAS NMR and Mössbauer spectroscopy. Mineralogical Magazine, 72, 747-761.


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