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Abenab West Mine, Grootfontein, Otjozondjupa Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Abenab West MineMine
GrootfonteinConstituency
Otjozondjupa RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
19° 18' 5'' South , 18° 5' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Grootfontein24,099 (2014)29.6km
Tsumeb12,190 (2013)40.5km


A vanadium-lead mine owned by South West Africa Co., Ltd.
Located about 20 miles North of Grootfontein and about 100 m SW of the Abenab Mine (Abenab pipe).

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


35 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:224; 23:606; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).; [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:224; 23:606; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).; [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:224; 23:606; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).; [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Am Min (1959) 44:682-685
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]; Am Min (1959) 44:682-685
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:606; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Reference: Am Min (1959) 44:682-685
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124] Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 36.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:606; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 23:606; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).; [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]; Am Min (1959) 44:682-685
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]; Am Min (1959) 44:682-685
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 22:224; 23:606; Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).; [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Jordanite3.3.1.1Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O MiniumPb3O4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
SSulfur
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12S
As JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Sb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) 109-130.
Boni, M., Terracciano, R., Evans, N.J., Laukamp, C., Schneider, J. and Bechstädt, T. (2007): Genesis of Vanadium Ores in the Otavi Mountainland, Namibia. Economic Geology 102, 441-469.
Schneider, J., Boni, M., Laukamp, C., Bechstädt, T., and Petzel, V. (2008): Willemite (Zn2SiO4) as a possible Rb–Sr geochronometer for dating nonsulfide Zn–Pb mineralization: Examples from the Otavi Mountainland (Namibia). Ore Geology Reviews 33, 152-167.
Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).
Rocks & Minerals: 22:224; 23:606.


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