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Tsumeb West Mine, Tsumeb, Oshikoto Region, Namibia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 19° 15' 5'' South , 17° 41' 35'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -19.25152,17.69310
GeoHash:G#: kksd6x7ez
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


A copper/vanadium mine. This mine was taken over by Ongopolo Mining Ltd and was in full operation as of 2003. Ongopolo Mining Ltd was sold to Weatherly Mining Ltd April 2006. In 2008, Weatherly closed the mine due to declining copper prices (Bermudez-Lugo, 2011).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Tsumeb Mine, Namibia

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, pg 46 (in English)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: http://www.namibiaminerals.com
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Personally collected by Don Windeler in 2017
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, pg 251 (in English)
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Personally collected by Don Windeler in 2017
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, pg 251 (in English)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, pg 251 (in English)
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Van King
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) pg 124 Table 7;

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Germanite'2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Rosasite'5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Austinite'8.BH.35CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
'Descloizite'8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
'Mottramite'8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Dioptase'9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Germanite2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Austinite41.5.1.3CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
CaCalcium
Ca AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
GeGermanium
Ge GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
AsArsenic
As AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3190685
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bermdez-Lugo, O. (2011). "The Mineral Industry of Namibia." U.S. Geological Survey 2009 Minerals Yearbook. (https://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/2009/myb3-2009-wa.pdf)
Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) 109-130.
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. (in English).
U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Trade Notes (Jan 1948).
Rocks & Minerals: 23: 606.


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