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Buell Park diatreme (Buell Park kimberlite), Buell Park, Sawmill, Defiance Plateau, Apache Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Buell Park diatreme (Buell Park kimberlite)- not defined -
Buell ParkPark
SawmillVillage
Defiance PlateauPlateau
Apache Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 54' North , 109° 5' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Navajo1,645 (2011)4.4km
Sawmill748 (2011)7.4km
Fort Defiance3,624 (2011)17.3km
Crystal311 (2011)19.3km
Window Rock2,712 (2012)24.5km


A geological structure located about 15 miles North of Fort Defiance.

Serpentinized ultramafic microbreccias (SUMs) occurrences.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Colorado Plateau, USAPlateau
Navajo Nation Indian Reservation, USAReservation
Hopi-Navajo Indian Reservations, Colorado Plateau, Apache & Navajo Cos., Arizona, USA

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


7 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Description: Occurs in iherzolite nodules with enstatite & olivine.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 114.
'Apatite'
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Aoki, K. (1976): Titanochondrodite and titanoclinohumite derived from the upper mantle in the Buell Park Kimberlite, Arizona, USA. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 56, 243-253.
Chondrodite var: Titanochondrodite
Reference: Aoki, K. (1976): Titanochondrodite and titanoclinohumite derived from the upper mantle in the Buell Park Kimberlite, Arizona, USA. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 56, 243-253.
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Description: Prominent constituent of a kimberlite tuff plug.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol.Soc.Digest: 3: 53-56; Balk, R. (1954), Petrology section, in Mineral resources of Fort Defiance and Tohatchi quadrangles, AZ & NM, NM Bur. of mines, Min. Resource Bull. 36: 192; Sun, M.S. (1954), Titanclinohumite in kimberlitic tuff, Buell Park, AZ (abstract), Geol.Soc.Amer.Bull. 65: 1311-1312; McGetchin, T.R., et al (1970), Titanclinohumite: A possible mineralogical site for water in the upper mantle, Jour.Geophys.Res.: 75: 255-259.
Clinohumite var: Titanclinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Description: Prominent constituent of a kimberlite tuff plug.
Reference: Aoki, K. (1976): Titanochondrodite and titanoclinohumite derived from the upper mantle in the Buell Park Kimberlite, Arizona, USA. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 56, 243-253.; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol.Soc.Digest: 3: 53-56; Balk, R. (1954), Petrology section, in Mineral resources of Fort Defiance and Tohatchi quadrangles, AZ & NM, NM Bur. of mines, Min. Resource Bull. 36: 192; Sun, M.S. (1954), Titanclinohumite in kimberlitic tuff, Buell Park, AZ (abstract), Geol.Soc.Amer.Bull. 65: 1311-1312; McGetchin, T.R., et al (1970), Titanclinohumite: A possible mineralogical site for water in the upper mantle, Jour.Geophys.Res.: 75: 255-259.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Colour: Green to brown.
Description: Clear, gem quality material.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 317; Gregory, H.E. (1916); Kiersch, G.A. (1955), Mineral resources of the Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservation, Arizona-Utah, Univ. of AZ: 90-94; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Garnet, in AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 180, USGS Bull..871; Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, AZ Dept. of Mines & Min. Resources, Min. Rpt. 4.; Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 47.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138; Kiersch, G.A. (1955), Mineral resources of the Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservation, Arizona-Utah, Univ. of AZ: 90-94; Peirce, H.W. (1969), Garnet, in AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 180, USGS Bull..871; Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, AZ Dept. of Mines & Min. Resources, Min. Rpt. 4.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: New Mexico GeologicalSociety Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003, pp. 133-138.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 9 - Silicates
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
var: Titanochondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
var: Titanclinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Pyrope51.4.3a.1Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Chondrodite
var: Titanochondrodite
-(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite
var: Titanclinohumite
-Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
OOxygen
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
FFluorine
F Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
MgMagnesium
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Clinohumite (var: Titanclinohumite)Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
KPotassium
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic - Late Triassic
174.1 - 237 Ma



ID: 3185972
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mesozoic (174.1 - 237 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone-conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Norian - Carnian
208.5 - 237 Ma



ID: 2819208
Chinle Formation

Age: Late Triassic (208.5 - 237 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Chinle Formation

Description: Colorful mudstone, such as in the Painted Desert, and less abundant lenses of sandstone and conglomerate, deposited by a large river system. This unit typically is eroded into badlands topography and contains clays that are prone to shrinking and swelling. (210-230 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{mudstone}, Minor:{sandstone,conglomerate}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gregory, H.E. (1916), Garnet deposits on the Navajo Reservation, Arizona and Utah, Economic Geology: 11: 223-230.
Gregory, H.E. (1917), Geology of the Navajo Country - A reconnaissance of parts of Arizona, New Mexico & Utah, USGS Professional Paper 93.
Hewett, D.F., Eugene Callaghan, B.N. Moore, T.B. Nolan, W.W. Rubey, and W.T. Schaller (1936), Mineral resources of the region around Boulder Dam, USGS Bulletin 871.
Balk, R. (1954), Petrology section, in Mineral resources of Fort Defiance and Tohatchi quadrangles, Arizona & New Mexico, New Mexico Bureau of Mines, Mineral Resource Bulletin 36: 192.
Sun, M.S. (1954), Titanclinohumite in kimberlitic tuff, Buell Park, Arizona (abstract), Geological Society of America Bulletin 65: 1311-1312.
Kiersch, G.A. (1955), Mineral resources of the Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservation, Arizona-Utah, University of Arizona: 90-94.
Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Artizona, Geological Society Digest: 3: 53-56
Peirce, H.W. (1969), Garnet, in Arizona Bureau Mines Bulletin 180.
McGetchin, T.R., et al (1970), Titanclinohumite: A possible mineralogical site for water in the upper mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research: 75: 255-259.
Aoki, K. (1976): Titanochondrodite and titanoclinohumite derived from the upper mantle in the Buell Park Kimberlite, Arizona, USA. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 56: 243-253.
Aoki, K. (1977): Titanochondrodite and titanoclinohumite derived from the upper mantle in the Buell Park Kimberlite, Arizona, USA. A reply. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 61: 217-218.
Smith, D. (1977): Titanochondrodite and titanoclinohumite derived from the upper mantle in the Buell Park kimberlite, Arizona, USA. A discussion. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 61: 213-215.
Switzer, G. (1977), Composition of garnet xenocrysts from three kimberlite pipes in Arizona and New Mexico, in B. Mason (editor), Mineral Sciences Investigations, 1974-1975, Smithsonian Contributions to Earth Sciences: 19: 1-21.
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources, Mineral Report 4.
Peirce, H.W. (1990), Arizona Geological Survey, Industrial Minerals card file.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 114, 177.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10060352 & 10234257.
University of Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 47.

USGS MRDS Record:10060352
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