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Khusib Springs Mine (Khuiseb Springs Mine), Otavi, Otjozondjupa Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Khusib Springs Mine (Khuiseb Springs Mine)Mine
Otavi- not defined -
Otjozondjupa RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 19° 25' 31'' South , 18° 1' 21'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -19.42546,18.02255
GeoHash:G#: kksc6pew7
Owned/operated by:Weatherly International
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Grootfontein24,099 (2014)18.5km
Tsumeb12,190 (2013)38.5km


A copper mine in a base-metal deposit.
The Khusib Springs mine was commissioned in 1996 to replace Tsumeb. Grades at Khusib are unusually high but the deposit appears relatively small.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


28 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
'Apatite'
Reference: Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
'Copper Sulphides'
Reference: Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]; Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Ludi von Bezing Namibia Minerals & Localities ; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Ludi von Bezing Namibia Minerals & Localities ; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Reference: Ludi von Bezing Namibia Minerals & Localities ; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]; Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Tennantite var: Argentiferous Tennantite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.; Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56.
Tungstenite
Formula: WS2
Reference: Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 28:124]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Colusite2.CB.30Cu13VAs3S16
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannoidite2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
var: Argentiferous Tennantite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tungstenite2.EA.30WS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Copper Sulphides'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Germanite2.9.4.2Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Stannoidite2.9.3.3Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Tungstenite2.12.10.3WS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Colusite3.1.1.1Cu13VAs3S16
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Copper Sulphides'-
Tennantite
var: Argentiferous Tennantite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S TungsteniteWS2
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
S ChalcociteCu2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S CovelliteCuS
S GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
S Tennantite (var: Argentiferous Tennantite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
Fe Tennantite (var: Argentiferous Tennantite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Fe StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
CuCopper
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
Cu Tennantite (var: Argentiferous Tennantite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Tennantite (var: Argentiferous Tennantite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Zn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
GeGermanium
Ge GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As ColusiteCu13VAs3S16
As Tennantite (var: Argentiferous Tennantite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag Tennantite (var: Argentiferous Tennantite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Ag SilverAg
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SnTin
Sn StannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
SbAntimony
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
WTungsten
W TungsteniteWS2
PbLead
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3190685
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cairncross, B. (1997) The Otavi Mountain Land Cu-Pb-Zn-V Deposits, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 28(2) 109-130.
Chetty, D., and Frimmel, H.E. (2000): The role of evaporites in the genesis of base metal sulphide mineralisation in the Northern Platform of the Pan-African Damara Belt, Namibia: geochemical and fluid inclusion evidence from carbonate wall rock alteration. Mineralium Deposita 35, 364-376.
Melcher, F. (2003): The Otavi mountain land in Namibia: Tsumeb, germanium and snowball earth. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 148, 413-435. [https://www.uibk.ac.at/mineralogie/oemg/bd_148/148_413-435.pdf]
Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Rammlmair, D. (2006): Geochemical and mineralogical distribution of germanium in the Khusib Springs Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag sulphide deposit, Otavi Mountain Land, Namibia. Ore Geology Reviews 28, 32-56. [http://www.researchgate.net/publication/223737510_Geochemical_and_mineralogical_distribution_of_germanium_in_the_Khusib_Springs_CuZnPbAg_sulfide_deposit_Otavi_Mountain_Land_Namibia]
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Sediment-hosted Zn–Pb–Cu deposits in the Central African Copperbelt. Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.

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