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Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Rusk Co., Wisconsin, USA

This page kindly sponsored by Geoprime Minerals/Casey Jones
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 26' 27'' North , 91° 7' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.44111,-91.11667
GeoHash:G#: cbp4w86ce
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


Mined by Kennecott Copper between 1993 and 1997. The site has since been completely restored. This is the only recent mining of massive sulfides in Wisconsin (other deposits have been drilled, but there are no plans to mine them). The ore was rich enough to ship directly to the smelters without having to be concentrated.

The deposit was an exhalative massive sulfide deposit deformed during the 1.80-1.85 billion-year-old Penokean orogeny. It was subjected to significant oxidation and supergene enrichment producing a zoned cap of, from the surface downward, gossan, chalcocite, bornite, and chalcopyrite. Many specimens, especially clusters of chalcocite crystals with an iridescent bornite patina, were preserved by contract collector Casey Jones. Other notable minerals found were malachite, azurite, cuprite variety chalcotrichite, kolbeckite and other phosphates.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Flambeau Mine

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


67 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: May, E. & S. Dinkowitz (1996) An overview of the Flambeau supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: geology and mineralogy, Rusk County, Wisconsin in G. LaBerge, Editor, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2: 67-95.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: May, E. & S. Dinkowitz (1996) An overview of the Flambeau supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: geology and mineralogy, Rusk County, Wisconsin in G. LaBerge, Editor, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2: 67-95.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Jones, C., Jones, J.K. and LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Olson, Maile and R. Lodge (2016) Ore petrography and precious metals of the primary Flambeau Mine sulfide ore: Abstract: Institue on Lake Superior Geology, Program and Abstracts, vol. 62, p. 113.
'Apatite'
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1995): Microminerals of the Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Rusk County, Wisconsin. Rocks and Minerals, 70, 335-339.
'Apatite var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1995): Microminerals of the Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Rusk County, Wisconsin. Rocks and Minerals, 70, 335-339.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1997) In Memoriam: The Flambeau Mine, Rusk County, Wisconsin June 1993-March 1997: Rocks and Minerals: 72(5): 344-347.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Olson, Maile and R. Lodge (2016) Ore petrography and precious metals of the primary Flambeau Mine sulfide ore: Abstract: Institue on Lake Superior Geology, Program and Abstracts, vol. 62, p. 113.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Carrollite ?
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Reference: http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/minerals/carrollite/
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Habit: Iridescent tabular crystals and groups, often in pseudo hexagonal twins. Also stalactitic and massive "sooty".
Colour: Grey with iridescent coatings
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Olson, Maile and R. Lodge (2016) Ore petrography and precious metals of the primary Flambeau Mine sulfide ore: Abstract: Institue on Lake Superior Geology, Program and Abstracts, vol. 62, p. 113.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: May, E. & S. Dinkowitz (1996) An overview of the Flambeau supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: geology and mineralogy, Rusk County, Wisconsin in G. LaBerge, Editor, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2: 67-95.
Covellite ?
Formula: CuS
Reference: Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Cubanite ?
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1997) In Memoriam: The Flambeau Mine, Rusk County, Wisconsin June 1993-March 1997: Rocks and Minerals: 72(5): 344-347.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Record 30:114]
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1997) In Memoriam: The Flambeau Mine, Rusk County, Wisconsin June 1993-March 1997: Rocks and Minerals: 72(5): 344-347.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1997) In Memoriam: The Flambeau Mine, Rusk County, Wisconsin June 1993-March 1997: Rocks and Minerals: 72(5): 344-347.
Dzhalindite
Formula: In(OH)3
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Olson, Maile and R. Lodge (2016) Ore petrography and precious metals of the primary Flambeau Mine sulfide ore: Abstract: Institue on Lake Superior Geology, Program and Abstracts, vol. 62, p. 113.
Ferristrunzite
Formula: Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/minerals/ferristrunzite/
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/minerals/halotrichite/
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Jones, C., Jones, J.K. and LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Jones, C., Jones, J.K. and LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Jones, C., Jones, J.K. and LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Jarosite ?
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Kemmlitzite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Kolbeckite
Formula: ScPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Metavivianite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: May, E. & S. Dinkowitz (1996) An overview of the Flambeau supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: geology and mineralogy, Rusk County, Wisconsin in G. LaBerge, Editor, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2: 67-95.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: May, E. & S. Dinkowitz (1996) An overview of the Flambeau supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: geology and mineralogy, Rusk County, Wisconsin in G. LaBerge, Editor, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2: 67-95.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: http://wgnhs.uwex.edu/minerals/pseudomalachite/
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: May, E. & S. Dinkowitz (1996) An overview of the Flambeau supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: geology and mineralogy, Rusk County, Wisconsin in G. LaBerge, Editor, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2: 67-95.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1997) In Memoriam: The Flambeau Mine, Rusk County, Wisconsin June 1993-March 1997: Rocks and Minerals: 72(5): 344-347
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: May, E. & S. Dinkowitz (1996) An overview of the Flambeau supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: geology and mineralogy, Rusk County, Wisconsin in G. LaBerge, Editor, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2: 67-95.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: May, E. (1977) Flambeau - A Precambrian supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit: Geoscience Wisconsin: 1: 1-26
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rosemeyer, T. (1997) In Memoriam: The Flambeau Mine, Rusk County, Wisconsin June 1993-March 1997: Rocks and Minerals: 72(5): 344-347.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Carrollite' ?2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Covellite ?2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite ?2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Dzhalindite4.FC.05In(OH)3
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Beaverite-(Cu)'7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite ?7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ferristrunzite8.DC.25Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Kemmlitzite8.BL.05SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Kolbeckite8.CD.05ScPO4 · 2H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Metavivianite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Andalusite'9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Anthophyllite'9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite ?2.8.12.1CuS
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite ?2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Carrollite ?2.10.1.2Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Glaucodot2.12.6.1(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Dzhalindite6.3.5.1In(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite ?30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite30.2.4.4Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Kolbeckite40.4.3.3ScPO4 · 2H2O
Metavivianite40.11.9.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ferristrunzite42.11.9.3Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Kemmlitzite43.4.1.7SrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H DzhalinditeIn(OH)3
H FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DzhalinditeIn(OH)3
O FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TenoriteCuO
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
P KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
ScScandium
Sc KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FerristrunziteFe3+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Fe Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CoCobalt
Co CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Co Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
NiNickel
Ni CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As Glaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SrStrontium
Sr KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag EmpressiteAgTe
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag SilverAg
InIndium
In DzhalinditeIn(OH)3
TeTellurium
Te EmpressiteAgTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2990151
Mafic to felsic metavolcanic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Description: Volcanic rocks in areas of sparse geologic data and nondefinitive magnetic and gravity data

Comments: Pembine-Wausau terrane Original map source: Cannon, W.F., Kress, T.H., Sutphin, D.M., Morey, G.B., Meints, Joyce, and Barber-Delach, Robert, 1997, Digital Geologic Map and mineral deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan: USGS Open-File Report 97-455 (version 3, Nov. 19

Lithology: Major:{metavolcanic}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Statherian - Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185191
Paleoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Pembine-Wasau Terrane

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
May, E. (1977) Flambeau - A Precambrian supergene enriched massive sulfide deposit. Geoscience Wisconsin, 1: 1-26.
Rosemeyer, T. (1995) Microminerals of the Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Rusk County, Wisconsin. Rocks and Minerals, 70: 335-339.
LaBerge, G.L. (Ed.) (1996) Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume. Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, Wisconsin: volume 42, part 2, 179 p.
Rosemeyer, T. (1997) In Memoriam: The Flambeau Mine, Rusk County, Wisconsin June 1993-March 1997. Rocks and Minerals, 72(5): 344-347.
Jones, C.L. and Laberge, G.L. (1997) Chalcocite from the Flambeau mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin (abstract). Mineralogical Record, 28(1): 52-53.
Cordua, W. (1998) Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals, 73 (11-12): 378-399.
Jones, C., Jones, J.K., and LaBerge, G. (1999) The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2): 107-131.
Olson, Maile and Lodge, R. (2016) Ore petrography and precious metals of the primary Flambeau Mine sulfide ore (abstract). Institute on Lake Superior Geology, Program and Abstracts, vol. 62, p. 113.

External Links



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