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C and B Mine (C & B Mine; C. and B. Mine; C & B Group Mine; Vanadium Mine; Vanadium property; International property; Cutler and Bywater Mine), Christmas, Christmas area, Banner District, Dripping Spring Mts, Gila Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
C and B Mine (C & B Mine; C. and B. Mine; C & B Group Mine; Vanadium Mine; Vanadium property; International property; Cutler and Bywater Mine)Mine
Christmas- not defined -
Christmas areaArea
Banner DistrictMining District
Dripping Spring MtsMountain Range
Gila Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 7' 58'' North , 110° 49' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Kearny2,038 (2017)11.1km
Hayden650 (2017)14.9km
Winkelman346 (2017)17.1km
Dudleyville959 (2011)18.6km
Six Shooter Canyon1,019 (2017)26.6km


A former surface and underground V-Mo-Pb-Ag-Cu-Au-Bi-Zn-W mine located in the NE¼ sec. 32, T3S, R15E, 10 miles NW of Christmas, ½ mile S of Dripping Springs Wash, on state land. Owned by E. E. Cutler and C. Bywater (1952).

Mineralization is a vein deposit with a linear ore body hosted in Mescal Limestone. Ore control was the contact of the limestone and diabase. The ore body strikes N60E and dips SE, while the contact strikes N35W and dips NE. Alteration was some silicification. The vein matter was well oxidized.

The paragenetic sequence is vanadinite, mimetite, descloizite, calcite. Vanadinite & wulfenite are present in soft material and as coatings on brecciated diabase for widths of a few feet. Cavities left by oxidized galena crystals also contain vanadinite.

Area structures include N10-35W striking, E-dipping fracture zones.

3 channel samples averaged 0.33 oz/t Ag, 1.92% V, 6.2% Pb. One sample assayed 0.17% V and traces of Ag & Pb.

Workings included a 20 foot adit existing in 1925. During subsequent work a number of adits and one shaft several hundred feet deep were developed. A little ore was mined and some is reported to have been shipped during WWI.

A site visit during February, 2007, revealed a barren dump and numerous foundation structures from a large mill and other structures. Permission to access the site is required of a local rancher. Examination of the adit openings from the portals revealed seemingly very dangerous mine openings with unstable ceilings and unprotected vertical workings unsuited to entry by anyone other than an experienced miner with all appropriate equipment. NOTE: Accurate coordinates obtained January, 2007 (upper right adit).

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10026843, MRDS ID #M000497; Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Min.Rec.: 6: 109
Brackebuschite ?
Formula: Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Description: "Brackebuschite" ID was by Raman spectroscopy. Subsequent analyses have failed to find manganese and probably all or most "brackebuschite" from here is really calderonite.
Reference: Rruff project. Raman and XRD analyzed.; Bob Meyer (2011) The Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy - Pacific Northwest Chapter Newsletter
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10026843, MRDS ID #M000497; Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Min.Rec.: 6: 109
Calderónite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Description: Based on Raman spectroscopy and XRD, this mineral was here previously thought to be "brackebuschite" - See comments in messageboard: http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,6,261345,261345#msg-261345
Reference: http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,6,261345,261345#msg-261345
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Habit: Vee and other twin habits
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 157, 254; Crowley, J.A. (1980), The C. and B. mine, Gila Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 213-218.
Creaseyite
Formula: Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Description: As crystals and crystal aggregates.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 201; Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Min.Rec.: 6: 109.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10026843, MRDS ID #M000497; Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Min.Rec.: 6: 109; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 254.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 271; Crowley, J.A. (1980), The C. and B. mine, Gila Co., AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 213-218.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 201; Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Min.Rec.: 6: 109.
Namibite
Formula: Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 201, 410; Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Min.Rec.: 6: 109; Allen, M.A. & G.M. Butler (1921c), Vanadium, AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 115; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 80.; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 80.; Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Min.Rec.: 6: 109; Ross, Clyde P. (1925a) Ore deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona. USGS Bull. 771.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Group 3 - Halides
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brackebuschite ?8.BG.05Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Calderónite8.BG.05Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Namibite8.BB.50Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Creaseyite9.HH.15Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Namibite38.5.9.1Cu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brackebuschite ?40.2.8.1Pb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Creaseyite78.7.2.1Pb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Calderónite-Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
H CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O CerussitePbCO3
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
O CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O QuartzSiO2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CalciteCaCO3
O BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
AlAluminium
Al CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
V NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
V BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
CrChromium
Cr PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
MnManganese
Mn BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
FeIron
Fe CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Fe CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CuCopper
Cu CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
PbLead
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CalderónitePb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Pb CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe23+(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
Pb PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)
BiBismuth
Bi NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Gelasian - Burdigalian
1.806 - 20.44 Ma



ID: 3023058
Pliocene to middle Miocene deposits

Age: Cenozoic (1.806 - 20.44 Ma)

Description: Moderately to strongly consolidated conglomerate and sandstone deposited in basins during and after late Tertiary faulting. Includes lesser amounts of mudstone, siltstone, limestone, and gypsum. These deposits are generally light gray or tan. They commonly form high rounded hills and ridges in modern basins, and locally form prominent bluffs. Deposits of this unit are widely exposed in the dissected basins of southeastern and central Arizona. (2-16 Ma)

Comments: In dissected basins of southeast and central Arizona Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{conglomerate,sandstone}, Minor:{mudstone,siltstone,limestone,gypsum}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Allen, M.A. & G.M. Butler (1921c), Vanadium, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 115.
Ross, Clyde P. (1925) Ore Deposits of the Saddle Mountain and Banner Mining Districts, Arizona, USGS Bulletin 771.
Ransome, F.L. (1923) Ray folio, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey, Geologic Atlas of the United States, Folio No. 217, 24 p. [oversized], 5 sheets, scales 1:12,000 and 1:62,500.
Tenney, J.B. (1930), The Second Report on the Mineral Industries of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 129: 90.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 73, 80.
Trebisky, T.J. & S.B. Keith (1975), Descloizite from the C and B Vanadium mine, Mineralogical Record: 6: 109.
Cornwall, H.R., and Krieger, M.H. (1978) Geologic map of the El Capitan Mountain quadrangle, Gila and Pinal Counties, Arizona: USGS Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-1442, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.
Crowley, J.A. (1980), The C. and B. mine, Gila County, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 11: 213-218.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 157, 201, 254, 271, 410.
USGS Map MR-22: 3.
USGS El Capitan Mountain Quadrangle map.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources card file.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10026843, MRDS ID #M000497; and Dep ID #10233701, MAS ID #0040070678; and Dep. ID #10008147, MRDS ID #D000090.

USGS MRDS Record:10026843
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