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El Desierto mine, San Pablo de Napa, Daniel Campos Province, Potosí, Boliviai
Regional Level Types
El Desierto mineMine
San Pablo de Napa- not defined -
Daniel Campos ProvinceProvince
PotosíDepartment
BoliviaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 20° 32' 4'' South , 68° 31' 54'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -20.53472,-68.53194
GeoHash:G#: 6kr70tb89
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


A sulphur mine approximately 8 km south of the settlement San Pablo de Napa, but it is not one of the San Pablo de Napa sulfur mines.

Regions containing this locality

South AmericaContinent
Altiplano PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: [www.hedegaard.com]; Alfredo Petrov field collected specimens
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: [www.hedegaard.com]
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov field collected specimens (visual ID; not analyzed)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov field collected specimens (visual ID; not analyzed)
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Visual ID; composition Cu + S confirmed by both SEM/EDS and XRF.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: [www.hedegaard.com]; www.mineralmundi.com
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: [www.hedegaard.com]; www.mineralmundi.com
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [www.hedegaard.com]
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
Römerite ?
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov field collected specimens (visual ID; not analyzed)
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: [www.hedegaard.com]
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Ahlfeld, F. (1954) Los yacimentos minerales de Bolivia. Banco Minero de Bolivia & Corporacio Minera de Bolivia, La Paz, 277 pages.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Römerite ?7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Römerite ?29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
AlAluminium
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S RosickýiteS
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Tertiary
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3186221
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ahlfeld, F. (1954) Los yacimentos minerales de Bolivia. Banco Minero de Bolivia & Corporacio Minera de Bolivia, La Paz, 277 pages.
Ponce, J. (1967) Two page letter [enclosures missing] from Ing. José Ponce/Geobol to Ing. Gastón Pereora B., dated March 2 1967. [original in Sergeomin library in La Paz, copy in Hedegaard library].
Hedegaard, C. (2001) The El Desierto Sulfur Mine, Bolivia. Rocks & Minerals, 76:6, 394-402.
Hedegaard, C. (2001) Mining sulfur specimens in southern Bolivia. Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society, 130: 3-6.
Hedegaard, C. (2001) From the edge of the purgatory to a show near you. Lapidary Journal, 54:11, 32-36.
Hedegaard, C. (2003) "Specimen mining" i[n] Bolivia - om at samle Svovl i det sydlige Bolivia. STEIN 30:1, 23-33.
Petrov, A. (2003) The El Desierto Sulfur Mine, Potosi, Bolivia. The Mineralogical Record: 34: 297-305.

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