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Schuyler Copper Mine (Schuyler Mine; Arlington Mine), North Arlington, Bergen Co., New Jersey, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 47' 17'' North , 74° 8' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.78833,-74.13361
GeoHash:G#: dr7211393
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Located underneath a residential area of North Arlington. Claimed to be the oldest mine in the USA, opened in 1715 (about 1719). Ore was packed in barrels and shipped to England for smelting due to restrictions on smelting in the colonies. Had the first steam engine, imported from England, used to pump a mine in North America. Reopened 1859 and ultimately closed 1865. Ore was in mineralized, unaltered, gray arkosic sandstone in red sandstone in the proximity of trap dikes (Palisades diabase). Ore contained 4.4 oz. silver per ton plus would yield a gold bead. Workings featured the Victoria shaft at 347 feet deep. Also had 2 inclines (220 feet & 80 feet).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

'Arkose'
Reference: Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.; Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Transparent bladed tan crystals
Description: The specimen was collected on the dumps in 2010. The baryte occurs in a vein associated with chrysocolla and chalcocite.
Reference: Specimen in the collection of Andrew Kruegel confirmed by SEM-EDS.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.; David S. Bernstein-small crystallized vug in Red Sandstone with Chrysocolla-April 2010.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.; Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.; Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.; Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 34.; American Mineralogist (1929) 14: 309-311
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.; Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 34.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.; Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Braithwaite, R. S. W., & Ryback, G. (1994). Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 449-454.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 34.
'Shale'
Reference: Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Rutile'4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Pseudomalachite'8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Arkose'-
'Shale'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Arkose'-
'Shale'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O RutileTiO2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Jurassic - Early Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2735492
Passaic Formation Sandstone and Siltstone facies

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Passaic Formation

Description: Sandstone (JTrps) is interbedded grayish-red to brownish-red, medium- to fine-grained, medium- to thick-bedded sandstone and brownish-to-purplish-red coarse-grained siltstone; unit is planar to ripple cross-laminated, fissile, locally calcareous, containing desiccation cracks and root casts. Upward-fining cycles are 1.8 to 4.6 m (6-15 ft) thick. Sandstone beds are coarser and thicker near conglomerate units (JTrpcq, JTrpcl). Maximum thickness about 1,100 m (3,610 ft).

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). The Passaic Formation unit description on the map encompasses multiple units (JTRp, JTRpms, JTRps, JTRpsc, JTRpcq, JTRpcl, and TRpg). The Passaic Formation was split into individual units according to the digital map and the appropriate descriptions were used for each. Names for units are from digital map. Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,siltstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3186144
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Gettysburg Basin

Lithology: Shale,conglomerate,quartz-feldspar sandstone,siltstone,limestone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
New Jersey State Geologist's Annual Report (1906) 140-142.
Volney Lewis, J. (1907) Copper deposits of the New Jersey Triassic. Economic Geology 2 (3), 242-257.
Black, George F. (1922) The Belleville Copper-Mine. American Mineralogist 7, 154-158.
American Mineralogist (1929) 14: 309-311.
Manchester, J.G. (1931) The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs. New York Mineralogical Club Bulletin 3, No. 1: 34.
Woodward, Herbert P. (1944) Copper mines and mining in New Jersey. Geologic Series Bulletin 57. Department of Conservation and Development, State of New Jersey.
Braithwaite, R. S. W., & Ryback, G. (1994). Reichenbachite from Cornwall and Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine: 58(392): 449-454.

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