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Jacupiranga mine, Cajati, São Paulo, Brazil

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 24° 42' 1'' South , 48° 7' 57'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -24.70028,-48.13250
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate

The central northern part of the alkaline complex is peridotite, outwards changing to ijolites-jacupirangites. The southern central part is a carbonatite, surrounded by jacupirangites. The carbonatite is an almost vertical subvolcanic plug.

Apart from the carbonatite components calcite and dolomite, the complex also contains apatite, magnetite, olivine, phlogopite and iron sulphides as the most conspicuous species.
The apatite, specifically both a residual deposit on top of the carbonatite and primary ore, is mined since 1970 in an open pit for phosphate. The pit is also used for cement production.

Mineral List

58 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma

ID: 2286425
Jacupiranga Complexo alcalino

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Dunite, clinopyroxenite

Reference: Geological Survey of Brazil. State Geological Maps of Brazil. CPRM - Geobank. [43]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Gaspar, J.C. and Wyllie, P.J. (1982): Barium phlogopite from the Jacupiranga carbonatite, Brazil. American Mineralogist 67, 997-1000.
- Menezes, L.A. and Martins, J.M. (1984): The Jacupiranga mine, Sao Paulo (Brazil). Mineralogical Record 15(5), 261-270.
- A. J. G. Notholt, R. P. Sheldon, D. F. Davidson (1989): Phosphate Deposits of the World: Volume 2, Phosphate Rock Resources, Volume 2.
- Huang, Y.-M.; Hawkesworth, C. J.; van Calsteren, P.; McDermott, F. (1995): Geochemical characteristics and origin of the Jacupiranga carbonatites, Brazil. Chemical Geology 119, 79-99.
- Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences. USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
- Atencio, D. Couthino, J.M.V., Doriguetto, A.C., Mascarenhas, Y.P., Ellena, J.A. & Ferrari, V.C. (2006): Menezesite from Cajati,São Paulo, Brazil: The first heteropolyniobate mineral. 19th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, IMA2006-Kobe, July 23-28, 2006, Programs & Abstracts. 031-06, p. 299
- Atencio, D. Couthino, J.M.V., Doriguetto, A.C., Mascarenhas, Y.P., Ellena, J.A. & Ferrari, V.C. (2008): Menezesite, the first heteropolyniobate mineral, from Cajati, São Paulo, Brazil:Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist. 93, 81-87
- Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.

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